Washington/Canadian-Media: Women’s fashion's long and colorful history in the 20th century was fully captured by the newspapers with full newspaper pages with photographs of the latest fashions from Paris, department store advertisements with drawings of the popular frocks of the day, and articles covering social events and what fashionable people in attendance were wearing, Library of Congress (LoC) reported.
In this part 1 of a 3-part series that will span fashion history from 1900 to 1960, starting with the time period 1900 to 1920.
The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), August 17, 1902. Image credit: LoC
1900 to 1910
With significant technological advancements seen in the first decade of the 20th century, women’s fashion remained largely similar to the looks of the preceding century. The structured silhouette of the Gibson Girl was popular during the beginning of the decade, and had the idealized look of Edwardian era style, with lace and other embellishments as essential. women’s fashion in those days was dominated by modest dresses, bodies molded by corsets, and garish ornamentation.
“The Girl of 1900,” Daily Inter Mountain (Butte, MT), January 6, 1900. Image credit: LoC
“Embroidery from Neck to Hem.” The Savannah Morning News (Savannah, GA), April 19, 1903.
The fashionable silhouette, for a large part of the decade, was the S-shape created by a new “health corset,” which removed pressure from the abdomen, but resulted in the bust being pushed forward and the hips pushed back. Tops were loose and blousy helping to emphasize a top-heavy shape. Sleeves were also dramatic and long, heavy skirts were enhanced with frilly petticoats.
Modesty was emphasized by day dresses covering the body from neck to the floor with long sleeves covering the arms, and bell-shaped skirts adorned with lace made typically out of rich fabrics such as silk satin, damask, and chiffon, usually in light, soft colors. The fashionable look overall was that of a mature and sophisticated woman.
Evening dress with the same silhouette and these gowns were more revealing with low necklines and short sleeves, often offset by wearing long gloves. Sleeves were also sometimes draped off the shoulder.
An evening gown, 1909. The Daily Missoulian (Missoula, MT), March 21, 1909. Image credit: LoC
During the latter end of this period, many women started to work outside the home for the first time and had “tailor-made” woman’s skirt suit which were more functional and stylish became a symbol of independence.
Though the prevailing style favored embellished day and evening dresses, women began to focus on dressing for the occasion. There was an increased importance placed on event-specific dressing. Wealthy women tended to have many costumes, ranging from theatre and evening gowns to morning and afternoon dresses and practical costumes for outdoor and sporting pursuits.
Also during this period, sports such as golf, tennis, cycling and motoring began to have influence on fashion and inspired new styles.
Here is a side-by-side view of women’s fashion over the course of the decade, 1900 to 1910:
Fashion began to soften as the decade progressed. The rigid S-shape popular in the early part of the decade gradually straightened out into a more natural shape. Billowy blouses hanging over the waist in front were replaced with narrower loose tops, sleeves, and skirts. Waists were higher and a tubular silhouette began to emerge as fashion moved into the 1910s.
Here is a side-by-side view of women’s fashion over the course of the decade, 1900 to 1910:
[Images of dresses throughout 1900-1910, cropped from separate newspapers; click the linked citations below to view.] From left to right: Image credit: LoC
1900. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), February 11, 1900.
1902. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), August 10, 1902.
1904. The Birmingham Age-Herald (Birmingham, AL), August 6, 1904.
1906. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), April 8, 1906.
1908. Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, CA), November 22, 1908.
1910. Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, CA), October 23, 1910.
Fashion of the 1910s can be split into two periods: before the war and during the war. The First World War had a fundamental effect on society and culture, and fashion was no exception.
[Images of dresses throughout 1910-1920, cropped from separate newspapers; click the linked citations below to view.] From left to right. Image credit: LoC
1910. Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, NE), January 2, 1910.
1912. The Washington Herald (Washington, DC), February 18, 1912.
1914. The Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA), October 25, 1914.
1916. The Sunday Telegram (Clarksburg, WV), January 2, 1916.
1918. The Ogden Standard (Ogden City, UT), May 11, 1918.
1920. Richmond Times-Dispatch (Richmond, VA), September 19, 1920.
#GigiBarrettFineArt; #nationallyAcclaimedInUS; #CharcoalPastelOilAndMixedMedia; #StamfordArtAssociation; #CarriageBarnArtsCenter; #StamfordHistoryCenter; #RowaytonArtCenter; #VirtualArtShow
Connecticut/Canadian-Media: With a belief that everyone should be able to afford original art, and has pieces available at all price points and in almost all media, Gigi Barrett's Fine Art is dedicated to bringing joy to all through her Art.
Image: Colorful Sails. Image credit: Gigi Barrett
Colorful Sails is the most recent won 1st Place in the Vivian & Stanley Reed Marine Show.
Having won national acclaim for her work in the United States (US) for Charcoal, Pastel, Oil and Mixed Media, her work has been showcasing in both the US and Europe; and her work has been published multiple times.
Ever evolving, and diverse, Gigi’s Stamford, Connecticut studio, is a wonderland of original pieces in watercolor, acrylic, charcoal, pastel and oil.
Image credit: Gigi Barrett
Her work is currently being how at the Stamford Art Association, Carriage Barn Arts Center Stamford History Center and Rowayton Art Center. Her work is also in many private collections throughout the United States. Her first piece known as “Stella’s Last Day” was a Charcoal piece that was published in the 2015 Williams Prize Winners’ Catalog.
Image. Stella's Last Day. Image credit: Gigi Barrett
A sampling of her work can be seen on her website, GigiBarrett.com.
Her work can also be seen in her studio by appointment, or a virtual art show can be curated by contacting Gigi by emailing Gigi@GigiBarrett.com.
#Toronto; #ROM; #GalleryofChineseArchitecture
Toronto/Canadian-Media: Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) hosts the largest collection of Chinese architectural artifacts outside of China and contains approximately 200 artifacts, including roof tiles, architectural features and embellishments, statuary and tomb-related objects from approximately 300 BC to AD 1900.
ROM. Image credit: Website
China's iconic architectural style being is as old as the civilization itself, China's legacy of building and architecture is told through the largest and best collection of Chinese architectural artifacts outside of China. The focal points of the collection that includes architectural features, embellishments, statuary and more. are the mighty Ming Tomb, the Tombs of Han and Tang, and the reconstruction of a corner of a Chinese Imperial Palace building collection
Known simply as "the Ming Tomb", for generations of ROM visitors, recent research has revealed that this tomb, with its large domed burial mound, at one time contained the remains of legendary Chinese general Zu Dashou (ca. 1565-1656). Image credit: ROM
Reserved exclusively for buildings built for the Emperor. Yellow glazed roof tiles were assembled a life-sized component of a Chinese Imperial Palace building here in the traditional style by Chinese artisans from the National Museum of Chinese Architecture in Beijing. Image credit: ROM
Artistry revealing mastery of detail of Chinese artisans. Image credit: ROM
Founded in 1914, and among the top 10 cultural institutions in North America, ROM is Canada’s largest and most comprehensive museum and home to a world-class collection of 13 million artworks, cultural objects and natural history specimens, featured in 40 gallery and exhibition spaces. Situated as cultural destination in the heart of Toronto that showcases art, culture and nature from around the world and across the ages, ROM is the country’s preeminent field research institute and an international leader in new discoveries and plays a vital role in advancing our understanding of the artistic, cultural and natural world. Combining its original heritage architecture with the contemporary Daniel Libeskind-designed Michael Lee-Chin Crystal, the ROM serves as a national landmark, and a dynamic for all to enjoy.
#BrooklynMuseaum; #Artifacts; #NewYork
New York/Canadian-Media: Brooklyn Museum in New York City, for the second time has returned pieces, some older than 2,000 years, including an unfinished tombstone, a large ceramic vase painted with beeswax, human representations and ancient tools to process corn are artifacts of a collection to the central American country, media reports said.
Brooklyn Museum. Image credit: Website.
Located in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Museum is art museum and covers 560,000 square feet (52,000 m 2 ), and is New York City 's third largest in physical size and holds an art collection with roughly 1.5 million works.
“The tombstone is a piece we have only seen as illustrations in study books here,” Daniela Meneses, a researcher at the National Museum of Costa Rica, said at a viewing for the media. “It’s amazing to see that piece now. It’s very emotional," National Post reported
Believed to have been part of a tomb of an important person from a now-extinct civilization, the tombstone is almost half a meter high.
One of the largest pieces in the shipment is a vase, adorned with human figures and peculiar geometric lines, painted with beeswax, presumably used to store seeds or water.
There are still more artifacts from Costa Rica in Brooklyn and in other museums in the United States.
Seven years ago, four sites in the southern part of the country were recognized as World Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.