#Astronomy; #GallacticWinds; #Makani
California, Oct 31 (Canadian-Media): A new discovery was made by a group of collaborators from around the world including University of California (CN), San Diego's Alison Coil, and Rhodes College's David Rupke by exploring the influence of galactic winds from a distant galaxy called Makani, phys.org reports said.
A volume rendering of the ionized gas wind in Makani. Two of the dimensions are spatial, and the third is velocity. The colors trace the velocity axis, shown by the arrow at center. The approximate locations of the two proposed outflow episodes are labeled. Credit: Jim Geach, David Tree, Peter Richardson (University of Hertfordshire)
Their study's findings were published in Nature and provided, for the first time direct evidence of the role of galactic winds—ejections of gas from galaxies—in creating the circumgalactic medium (CGM). The unique composition of Makani—meaning wind in Hawaiian—uniquely lent itself to the breakthrough findings.
The study indicated that the hourglass shape of Makani's nebula is strongly reminiscent of similar galactic winds in other galaxies, but that Makani's wind is much larger than in other observed galaxies.
"This means that we can confirm it's actually moving gas from the galaxy into the circumgalactic regions around it, as well as sweeping up more gas from its surroundings as it moves out," Rupke explained. "And it's moving a lot of it—at least one to 10 percent of the visible mass of the entire galaxy—at very high speeds, thousands of kilometers per second..."Makani's existence provides one of the first direct windows into how a galaxy contributes to the ongoing formation and chemical enrichment of its CGM."
#NASA; #AirDepartureJapaneseCargoSpacecraft; #SpaceStation
Washington, Oct 29 (Canadian-Media): NASA TV to Air Departure of Japanese Cargo Spacecraft from Space Station
The H-II Transfer Vehicle-8 (HTV-8) from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is pictured Sept. 29, 2019, attached to the International Space Station's Harmony module as the orbiting complex flies 258 miles above Sudan. Credits: NASA
NASA will broadcast the departure of a Japanese cargo spacecraft from the International Space Station beginning at 1 p.m. EDT Friday, Nov. 1, on NASA Television and the agency’s website.
Ground controllers will use the station’s Canadarm2 robotic arm to detach the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s H-II Transport Vehicle-8 (HTV-8) several hours before its release. Expedition 61 Flight Engineers Christina Koch and Jessica Meir of NASA will take over the controls of the robotic arm to release the spacecraft at 1:20 p.m.
HTV-8 delivered more than four tons of scientific experiments, including an upgrade to the Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF-L), a small-sized satellite optical communication system (SOLISS), and a payload for testing the effects of gravity on powder and granular material (Hourglass). The spaceship also delivered supplies and new lithium-ion batteries for an upgrade from the nickel-hydrogen batteries that store power generated by the station’s solar arrays.
The cargo craft spent five weeks attached to the orbiting laboratory following a Sept. 24 launch from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. It will be loaded with trash and the nickel-hydrogen batteries removed from the station over a series of recent spacewalks.
Following its departure from the space station, HTV-8 will be commanded to deorbit on Saturday, Nov. 2, and burn up harmlessly in the Earth’s atmosphere. The deorbit will not air on NASA TV.
#NASA; #nextSpaceXdelivery; #InternationalSpaceStation
Washington, Oct 23 (Canadian-Media): Media accreditation is open for the launch of the next SpaceX delivery of science investigations, supplies, and equipment to the International Space Station.
A SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft is scheduled to launch on a Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) in Florida no earlier than Wednesday, Dec. 4 at 12:48 p.m. EST.
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket lifts off from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 6:01 p.m. EDT on July 25, 2019, carrying the Dragon spacecraft on the company's 18th Commercial Resupply Services mission to the International Space Station.
Credits: NASA/Tony Gray & Kenny Allen
Media prelaunch and launch activities will take place at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center and neighboring CCAFS. Credentialing deadlines are as follows:
International media without U.S. citizenship must apply by 4:30 p.m. EDT Sunday, Oct. 27.
U.S. media must apply by 4:30 p.m. EST Friday, Nov. 15.
All media accreditation requests should be submitted online at:
For questions about accreditation, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. For other questions, contact Kennedy’s newsroom at 321-867-2468.
Each resupply mission to the station delivers scientific investigations in the areas of biology and biotechnology, physical sciences, Earth and space science. Advances in these areas will help to keep astronauts healthy during long-duration space travel and demonstrate technologies for future human and robotic exploration beyond low-Earth orbit to the Moon and Mars. Space station research through the ISS National Lab also provides opportunities for other U.S. government agencies, private industry, and academic and research institutions, to conduct microgravity research that leads to new technologies, medical treatments, and products that improve life on Earth.
Highlights of space station research that will be facilitated by research aboard this SpaceX Dragon mission include testing the effectiveness of a device to separate and capture water droplets suspended in an air stream, delivering a next-generation spaceborne system to image Earth in higher spectral resolution than currently possible onboard the TERRA satellite, and testing conditions to develop an inexpensive and scalable process to manufacture optical materials in space.
Cargo resupply from U.S. companies ensures a national capability to deliver critical science research to the space station, significantly increasing NASA's ability to conduct new investigations at the only laboratory in space. This is the 19th SpaceX mission under NASA’s Commercial Resupply Services contract.
The International Space Station is a convergence of science, technology and human innovation that demonstrates new technologies and enables research not possible on Earth. The space station has been occupied continuously since November 2000. In that time, 239 people and a variety of international and commercial spacecraft have visited the orbiting laboratory. The space station remains the springboard to NASA's next great leap in exploration, including future missions to the Moon and eventually to Mars.
#NASA; #Artemis program
Washington, Oct 23 (Canadian-Media): The public is invited to join NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine at 9:40 a.m. EDT Friday, Oct. 25, for an update on the agency’s Artemis program and the critical role international partnerships have in returning astronauts to the Moon and going on to Mars.
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine speaks during the Heads of Agency Plenary of the 70th International Astronautical Congress Oct. 21, 2019, at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington. Credits: NASA/Bill Ingalls
The discussion, entitled “From the Moon to Mars: NASA’s Artemis Program,” will occur during Public Day at the 70th International Astronautical Conference, taking place at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center at 801 Mt Vernon Pl. NW in Washington. Following this discussion, Bridenstine will present NASA’s Distinguished Public Service Medal to John Culberson, former U.S. representative from Texas, for his years of support for the agency. The discussion and medial presentation will air live on NASA Television and the agency’s website.
In addition to this event, NASA has an extensive exhibit at booth 348, where experts are available to share information and answer questions about NASA programs and activities, including Artemis. The NASA exhibit also features a Moon rock, Mars meteorite, 1:10 scale model of the Mars 2020 rover, and a model of the Gateway, which will orbit the Moon and support human missions to the lunar surface.
Beyond the main NASA exhibit, visitors to IAC also can check out the Driven to Explore trailer, a 1:4 scale mockup of NASA’s Orion spacecraft, and a model of an RS-25 engine that will power the agency’s Space Launch System, located between the main NASA exhibit and the Aerojet Rocketdyne booth.
Stay involved on social media throughout the conference using the hashtags #JoinArtemis and #IAC2019, and submit questions to NASA using #AskNASA.
Washington, Oct 16 (Canadian-Media): Douglas Loverro succeeds former astronaut Kenneth Bowersox, acting associate administrator since July when selected by NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine Wednesday as the agency’s new associate administrator for the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, NASA reports said.
Credits: Department of Defense/Monica A. King NASA
Known for his strong, bipartisan work and his experience with large programs, Bridenstine believed Loverro "will be of great benefit to NASA at this critical time in our final development of human spaceflight systems for both Commercial Crew and Artemis.”
Loverro is the recipient of many prestigious honors, including the Secretary of Defense’s Medal for Outstanding Public Service, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Federation of Galaxy Explorers, the Society of Satellite Professional Engineers Stellar Award, and the AFCEA Benjamin Oliver Gold Medal for Engineering among many other civilian and military honors.
“I want to thank Ken and the entire NASA team for their commitment since I arrived at NASA. We have made incredible progress. Ken and Doug are respected members of their fields and will continue to lead these great people at the agency,” added Bridenstine. “We have a lot of work to accomplish to safely to get humans flying from America again and I believe we have the leadership to get it done.”
Loverro holds a Master’s of Science in Physics from the University of New Mexico, a Master’s of Political Science from Auburn University, and a Master of Business Administration from the University of West Florida, in addition to his Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from the United States Air Force Academy. He was a distinguished graduate from the Air Force’s Air Command and Staff College and Squadron Officer School, and was the top graduate from the Defense Department’s Industrial College of the Armed Forces.
#NASA; #SpaceX; #InternationalSpaceStation
Washington, Oct 12 (Canadian-Media): NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine announced yesterday that if tests on the company's long-delayed Crew Dragon capsule prove conclusive, SpaceX could launch US astronauts to the International Space Station as early as 2020, ScienceXNewsletter reported.
(L-R) NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, SpaceX founder Elon Musk, and astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken speaking during a news conference at SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California on October 10, 2019
SpaceX was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk, a major contractor for NASA, to help reduce space transportation costs with an ultimate goal of helping colonize Mars.
Although Musk hoped to have the capsule delivered to NASA by the end of the year, he stressed that safety was paramount.
"If everything goes according to plan, it would be in the first quarter of next year," Bridenstine said of the launch. "But remember—and this is the important thing that we have to get right on messaging—there are still things that we can learn or could learn that could be challenging that we have to resolve.
"I'm not saying that's going to happen, I don't know. That's why we test."
Employees of SpaceX work on the Crew Dragon reusable spacecraft during a press conference at SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California on October 10, 2019
"It's a pretty arduous engineering job to get the parachutes right," Musk said.
"Parachutes, they look easy but they are definitely not easy," he added. "We want to get at least something on the order of 10 successful tests in a row before launching astronauts."
After retiring its space shuttle program, NASA had been relying on Russia to ferry astronauts to and from the space station at a cost of $85 million a seat. It is now counting on SpaceX and Boeing to carry out that task.
The first manned flight to the space station was due to take place last year but SpaceX suffered a major setback in April when its Crew Dragon spacecraft exploded during testing, prompting delays and renewed tests.
"You know, honestly, if there's a test program and nothing happens in that test program, I would say that test program is insufficiently rigorous," Musk said Thursday.
"Space is hard," he added.
#NASA; #NorthropGrumman; #Virgina
Washington, Oct 10 (Canadian-Media): NASA will host a media teleconference at 2 p.m. EDT Thursday, Oct. 17, to discuss select science investigations and technology demonstrations launching on Northrop Grumman’s 12th commercial resupply mission for the agency to the International Space Station, NASA reports said.
Audio of the teleconference will be streamed live online at:
Northrop Grumman is targeting Saturday, Nov. 2, at 9:59 a.m., for the launch of its Cygnus spacecraft on an Antares rocket from pad 0A at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility on Wallops Island, Virginia.
Jennifer Buchli, deputy chief scientist for the International Space Station Program Science Office at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, and Michael Roberts, interim chief scientist for the ISS U.S. National Lab, will provide an overview of the research and technology aboard the Cygnus spacecraft.
NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Andrew Morgan stow biological research samples into a science freezer located inside the U.S. Destiny laboratory module. Credits: NASA
Also participating in the briefing are:
Thomas Krueger, team lead of the European Space Agency’s Human-Robot Interaction Lab, will discuss the ANALOG-1 investigation, which will test telerobotic operations under microgravity conditions aboard the space station.
Mike Snyder, founder, board member, and Chief Engineer for Made In Space, will discuss Made in Space’s Recycler, which will test systems needed to reprocess plastic into 3D printing filament in the microgravity environment of the International Space Station. The Recycler will utilize polymer materials to produce filament that can be transferred to the Made in Space 3D printer that has operated on the orbiting laboratory since 2016.
Brian York, principal investigator of the Rodent Research-14 investigation, will discuss how the investigation studies the effects of microgravity on the biological circadian rhythm and key organ tissues, including the colon, heart, lung, liver, kidney and hypothalamus. This investigation advances research on the most common liver disease in humans.
Kathleen Coderre, principal investigator, will discuss AstroRad, a new vest that could protect astronauts’ vital organs from deep-space radiation. Knowledge gained could also aid the development of shielding technologies for patients on Earth receiving radiation treatments.
To participate in the teleconference, media must contact Gina Anderson at 202-358-1160 or email@example.com by 5 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 16, for dial-in information.
The Cygnus spacecraft will carry crew supplies, scientific research and hardware to the orbiting laboratory to support the Expedition 60 and 61 crews for the 12th mission under Northrop Grumman’s Commercial Resupply Services-2 contract with NASA.
For launch countdown coverage, NASA's launch blog, and more information about the mission, visit: https://www.nasa.gov/northropgrumman
Washington, Oct 10 (Canadian-Media): Media are invited to NASA Headquarters in Washington Tuesday, Oct. 15 to get an up-close look at the next generation spacesuits the first woman and next man to explore the Moon will wear as part of the agency’s Artemis program.
NASA is preparing to send astronauts to the Moon by 2024 and is moving forward with design and development of the suits astronauts will wear on the lunar surface and other destinations, including Mars.
Artist concept of an astronaut in the xEMU space suit setting up a science experiment on the lunar surface. Credits: NASA
The public event will take place at 2 p.m. EDT and feature NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who will host a demonstration with spacesuit engineers. The spacesuit demonstration will air live on NASA Television and the agency’s website.
Using ground prototypes, NASA will showcase its two spacesuits designed for lunar exploration – one for launch and re-entry aboard the agency’s Orion spacecraft, known as the Orion Crew Survival System, and one for exploring the surface of the Moon’s South Pole, known as the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit (xEMU).
The xEMU suit improves on the suits previously worn during the Apollo era and those currently worn during spacewalks outside the International Space Station. This new spacesuit will accommodate a broad range of astronaut sizes and features an improved fit, comfort, and mobility for the lunar surface. NASA recently sought input from industry on interest in future production of the xEMU spacesuit.
Immediately following the event, media in attendance will have a brief opportunity to photograph the spacesuits. NASA experts will be available in-person and on a teleconference at 3:45 p.m., to answer questions from the media about the spacesuits. Media interested in attending the public event are asked to hold their questions for subject matter experts until after the show or during the media teleconference following the event.
Students from local middle and high schools will be among the participants in the audience. Students will be able to watch the demonstration and take part in a Question-and-Answer with NASA experts. Connecting students to these unique opportunities provides authentic STEM experiences to encourage the next generation into science, technology, engineering, and math.
To attend the event in person or join the media call, media must contact Sean Potter at firstname.lastname@example.org no later than Noon Tuesday, Oct. 15. NASA Headquarters is located at 300 E Street SW.
Washington, Oct 07 (Canadian-Media): NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine will tour SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California, on Thursday, Oct. 10, to see the progress the company is making to fly astronauts to and from the International Space Station from American soil as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program, NASA reports said.
SpaceX Headquarters in Hawthorne, California. NASA and SpaceX are working together to return human spaceflight to American soil on American rockets and spacecraft as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program.
Following the tour, SpaceX will host a media availability with Bridenstine, SpaceX Chief Engineer Elon Musk, and NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley – the crew for the Demo-2 flight test to the space station.
The media availability will be streamed live on Bridenstine’s Twitter account:
Members of the media who would like to attend must fill out a SpaceX media accreditation request form by no later than 2 p.m. PDT Tuesday, Oct. 8.
Members of the media who are foreign nationals must also provide a photocopy of their passport to email@example.com by that time.
SpaceX will carry NASA astronauts to the space station on the company’s Crew Dragon spacecraft, and help return the ability to fly American astronauts on American rockets and spacecraft from American soil. This is an important step toward sending the first woman and the next man to the Moon by 2024, as part of NASA’s Artemis program.
In March, SpaceX completed Crew Dragon’s first demonstration mission, Demo-1, sending the uncrewed spacecraft to and from the International Space Station. NASA and SpaceX currently are preparing for an upcoming in-flight abort test of Crew Dragon’s launch escape system and the company’s second demonstration mission, Demo-2, which will send NASA astronauts to and from the station aboard Crew Dragon.
SpaceX may not be able to accommodate all who request accreditation, as space is very limited, and outlets may be asked to cap the number of representatives they request to send.
SpaceX will provide additional logistical details for credentialed media closer to the visit.