#Canada; #Desertification; #LandDegradationNeutrality; #OnePlanetSummit; #UNCCD
Bonn, 13 January 2021 – Executive Secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification Ibrahim Thiaw welcomes the announcement that the Government of Canada is set to invest up to 55 million Canadian dollars in the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) Fund.
Land Degradation Neutrality. Image credit: unccd.int
The Fund supports private sector projects in developing countries that use sustainable land management techniques to restore degraded ecosystems and adapt to green economies.
Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, announced the commitment at the One Planet Summit for Biodiversity held Monday, January 11, in Paris, France, hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron in cooperation with the UN and the World Bank.
“The Canadian investment comes at a particularly opportune time. The finance will leverage additional public and private sector resources for sustainable land management targeted at projects in low-and middle-income countries. This will ensure new economic activity and value chains emerge from rural areas as we build back from the COVID-19 pandemic. Investing in the LDN Fund is an effective way to help terrestrial ecosystems and local populations to bounce back,” says Thiaw.
The One Planet Summit aimed at building momentum for action on nature protection and at underlining the potential to build back better from the COVID19 pandemic.
The LDN Fund is an impact investment fund. The fund aims at blending resources from the public, private and philanthropic sectors to support achieving land degradation neutrality (LDN) through sustainable land management and land restoration projects implemented by the private sector.
For more information about the LDN Fund, contact: Camilla Nordheim-Larsen email@example.com.
#Camels, #Australia; #DroughtHitAreas; #CullingOfCamels
Sydney (Australia), Jan 14 (Canadian-Media): Culling of more than 5,000 feral camels over the last five days has been completed by Australia as these camels were a threat to the survival of indigenous communities in drought-hit areas of southern Australia, media reports said.
Camels in Australia. Image credit: Phys.org
he aboriginal leaders said that the large herds of the non-native camels driven towards rural habitats not only threatened scarce food and water in the arid region, but was also a threat to the infrastructure and posed a hazard for the drivers.
The culling was carried out by helicopter-borne marksmen in Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands -- home to 2,300 indigenous people -- and completed on Sunday, said APY general manager Richard King.
"We appreciate the concerns of animal rights activists, but there is significant misinformation about the realities of life for non-native feral animals, in what is among the aridest and remote places on Earth," King said in a statement on Tuesday.
He said the camels were responsible for introducing pests and the valuable water supplies for communities needed to be protected from them.
Prolonged dry periods is well tolerated by native wildlife, is distressful for feral camels, King said.
In 1840s the British had imported around 20,000 Indian camels to Australia to explore the interiors of Australia.
#UN; #UNEP; #GlobalPhosphorousChallengs; #ClimateChange; #Hunger; #GreenhouseEmissions
UNEP/Canadian-Media: “It is unacceptable that hunger is on the rise at a time when the world wastes more than 1 billion tonnes of food every year. It is time to change how we produce and consume, including to reduce greenhouse emissions,” says United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres.
Algal Bloom. Image credit: Wikipedia
The Secretary-General will convene a UN Food Systems Summit in 2021 to launch bold new actions to transform the way the world produces and consumes food, delivering progress on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
For decades, synthetic fertilizer – containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium – has been used all over the world to increase crop yields. Plants need phosphorus to grow but using too much of it can harm the environment.
The global phosphorus cycle is broken, experts say – in some regions of the world too much phosphorus is being added to soils to grow food, contributing to nutrient pollution of lakes, rivers and coastal ecosystems. Elsewhere, farmers can’t access enough phosphorus to meet food demands. As the global population grows, the global phosphorus cycle must be re-mapped to ensure sufficient food for all whilst reducing costly environmental damage.
Where phosphorus use has been high, losses from agricultural land and through human waste have led to the pollution of fresh waters and coasts with excess nutrients, a process called eutrophication.
Humans are reliant on clean and safe freshwater and coastal ecosystems. They provide clean drinking water, protein and livelihoods to large numbers of people. So, preventing phosphorus pollution of these sensitive ecosystems is vital for sustainable development.
Eutrophication causes harmful algal blooms, which can now be viewed from space, and contributes to global scale biodiversity loss, oxygen "dead zones" threatening fisheries, and the contamination of drinking water supplies.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and others, such as the Global Partnership on Nutrient Management, are calling for better management of phosphorus for the benefit of people and planet.
“There are huge environmental and socioeconomic gains that stand to be won through sustainable phosphorus management focused on relieving the burden of phosphorus pollution on lakes and their catchments,” says Mahesh Pradhan, a UNEP nutrient pollution expert.
Phosphate rock is the main source of easily accessible phosphorus for the manufacture of synthetic fertilizer and has been produced in large quantities since World War II. However, increasing phosphorus recycling from wastes has the potential to increase food security whilst also reducing impacts on the environment.
“The signs of geopolitical constraints regarding phosphate rock reserves are already evident and are likely to be more intense in future,” says a study in the Journal of Cleaner Production. It warns that the combined impact of increasing demand, dwindling reserves, and geopolitical constraints could result in a substantial decline in the production and supply of chemical phosphorus fertilizer in the global market.
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UNEP is involved in the Our Phosphorus Future project, coordinated by the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (UK CEH). The project brings together experts from around the world to identify the key solutions for achieving global phosphorus security.
“The scientific community is united on the need to address the global phosphorus challenge. As well as better farming and reducing and recycling wastes, food choice is a key solution. High meat consumption is a well-known driver of unsustainable nutrient use. The commitment of governments, consumers and industry in developing a more sustainable phosphorus future is key,” says Dr Bryan Spears, UK CEH.
Towards better management of phosphorus
UNEP and partners working on phosphorus pollution have come up with a number of priority actions that stand to address this complex problem: