#Norway; #MeltingIcePatch; #NorwayJotunheimenMountains; #AncientArrows; #reindeerAntlers
Norway/Canadian-Media: A team of researchers affiliated with a host of institutions in Norway and one in the U.K., has unveiled their findings after collecting and studying a very large number of ancient arrows they found near a melting ice patch in Norway's Jotunheimen Mountains, published in the journal The Holocene, phys.org reports said.
An arrow from c. AD 700 as it was found lying on the stones in the scree, close to the melting ice. Image Credit: Innlandet Fylkeskommune
In their paper published in the journal The Holocene, the group describes how they kept their research secret to avoid the possibility of others contaminating the site and what they have learned about the arrows thus far.Back in 2006, archeologist Reidar Marstein found an ancient shoe lying near a melting ice patch (which subsequent recent has shown to have formed approximately around 5600BC) in the Jotunheimen Mountains.
The shoe was initially believed to have been from the Viking era, but subsequent study showed it to be approximately 3,300 years old. That led the researchers to further investigate the site. They discovered that the area was littered with arrows used by hunters thousands of years ago. That set off a research project that involved detailing the location of each arrow found and then the study of it that followed. To date, the team has found 68 arrows at the site, dating from the Stone Age up to the Middle Ages—the oldest has been dated to 6,000 years ago, which they note is approximately 800 years before Ötzi.
The researchers note that the ice patch is very nearly a glacier and thus is quite large—but not nearly as large as it once was. Global warming has been melting the patch and as that has occurred material once frozen inside the patch has been exposed. The researchers have found most of the arrows on the ground next to the ice patch, which has led to degradation due to exposure to the elements. But they have also found several arrows laying on top of the ice, an indication that they have only recently been exposed. They note that while some of the arrows found on top of the ice were in good condition, many were not, suggesting they had been degraded due to ice movement inside the patch—and perhaps exposure due to prior melting of the patch.
The researchers have also found reindeer antlers and bones and other biological matter but have been surprised by how few of them have been revealed as the ice melts.
#Cairo; #Archaeology, #MinistryofTourismandAntiquities; #100PainedCoffinsDiscovered
Cairo (Egypt)/Canadian-Media: More than 100 painted coffins have been found at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara, south of Cairo, Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Egypt reported.
The discovery was announced at a press conference last week.
Image credit: © Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Egypt
The discovery of more than 100 painted coffins at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara, just south of Cairo was announced by Egyptian archaeologists. Sealed and intact coffins were found along with funerary masks, canopic jars—used to store mummified internal organs—and statues, says Khaled El-Enany, Egypt’s minister of tourism and antiquities.
The wooden coffins and other objects were buried during Egypt’s Late and Ptolemaic Periods, which together lasted from 664 to 30BC.
This is “the biggest discovery in 2020”, says Mostafa Waziry, the secretary general of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities. The coffins and objects were found in three burial shafts, each nearly 12 metres deep, which were hidden beneath an almost five-metre-high mound of debris, Waziry says. The collection will be sent to the Egyptian Museum, the Grand Egyptian Museum, the National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation and the New Administrative Capital Museum, which will open within five or six weeks, El-Enany says.
The mummy within the coffin being X-rayed. © Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Egypt
During the press conference, one coffin was opened and the mummy within X-rayed, revealing the remains of a man with his arms crossed in the manner of the Egyptian god Osiris, with all of his internal organs removed except for his heart. The man probably lived at the beginning of the Ptolemaic Period, Waziry says.
It has been a busy year for the Saqqara necropolis. This new announcement comes only one month after the same team uncovered 59 coffins in other burial shafts. More discoveries are set to be announced in the coming months, El-Enany says. “We still have a lot to reveal.”
One of the many artefacts discovered at an ancient necropolis in Egypt © Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Egypt