#LibraryandArchivesCanada, #LAC, #AccesstoInformationandPrivacyAct, #EdwardSadowskie, #FirstNation, #LaurieMeijerDrees. #FirstNationandInuithealthcare, #IndianResidentialSchool
Ottawa, Feb 25 (Canadian-Media): A 98-year-old document on Ottawa's treatment of sick First Nations children from Library and Archives Canada's (LAC) had unveiled a part of Canada's history hidden in the darkness of locked archives, media reports said.
Library & Archives Canada/Facebook
Majority of old Indian Affairs health files were reporredly still locked away by LAC.
LAC had initially refused to release the document based on the Access to Information and Privacy Act that exempts files covered by solicitor-client privilege.
Edward , the researcher wanted to study First Nation students' case who contacted tuberculosis and were sent for treatment to residential schools as part of the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement.
But when Sadowskie's request for the release of the document was refused b y LAC, he filed a complaint with the federal Office of the Information Commissioner last October and an investigation started.
Sadowski learnt from LAC, a little over a week after CBC News first reported on the case, that it had reconsidered the case and decided to release the document without restrictions.
"There are hundreds of documents in archives that should be opened but are not, that we need to look at to get a better impression of what went on," Laurie Meijer Drees, chair of the First Nations studies department at Vancouver Island University was reported to state.
LAC still keeps all records produced by the federal National Health and Welfare Department (NHWD) locked in their archives, said Drees.
It was in 1945 that NHWD had taken over First Nation and Inuit health care from Indian Affairs.
It was by individual requests under the Access to Information Act, said Drees, that health records produced by Indian Affairs were accessible.
"You can't actually research this topic as as researcher because it could take you 100 years to get them," she said.
The released document, Sadowski said, revealed the steps taken by Ottawa to deal with tuberculosis outbreaks in First Nations communities were made worse by residential schools, while keeping costs down.
The 98-year-old document was from the time when Duncan Campbell Scott was deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs.
The Indian Act was amended by 1927
Amendments to the Indian Act were reportedly made by Scott in 1927 making it mandatory for First Nations children to attend residential schools.
An Indian Affairs letter of 1920 described the case of a young girl with tubercular spine and the case of a child with eye trouble who could not be properly treated in their home but whose parents refused to permit them to be taken to a hospital for treatment.
It was reportedly revealed why parents didn't want their sick children taken away for treatment to places like Selkirk, Manitoba.
"The Indians seem to object to their children being sent to Selkirk, as they say they never see them again, because of the distance, and because most of them go there to die," said the letter signed by the United Church's general secretary Rev. J. H. Edmison.
Last month two law firms had launched a $1.1 billion class action lawsuit against Ottawa over abuse suffered by "Indian hospital" patients.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Library of Congress/Facebook
#African-AmericanHistoryMonth, #LibraryofCongress, #WilliamA.GladstoneAfro-AmericanMilitaryCollection, #blackCivilWartroops, #ContinentalArmy, #World War I, #LieutenantEdwardL.Goodlett
Washington D.C., Feb 22 (Canadian-Media): Library of Congress is delighted to launch online -- in February, the African-American History Month -- William A. Gladstone Afro-American Military Collection, consisting of about 500 items, media reports said.
Gladstone was reportedly a historian and writer of books about black Civil War troops.
This photograph is featured in the Gladstone Collection with documents from 1869 related to Gilbert Montgomery of the 4th United States Cavalry.
Time span covered in this collection is from 1773 to 1987 with the bulk of the material dating from the Civil War period, 1861–65.
The collection reportedly consists of correspondence, pay vouchers, receipts, orders, contracts, affidavits, tax records, muster rolls, enlistment and discharge papers, miscellaneous military documents and printed matter.
Items reportedly like African-Americans in military service, especially the United States Corps d’Afrique and the United States Colored Troops, which were organized during the Civil War are documented.
Several documents about slavery and various other Civil War documents that mention African-Americans are reportedly included in this collection.
A Civil War-era broadside featuring the song “The Colored Volunteers.”
Revolutionary War items are primarily pay vouchers to Connecticut blacks who served in the Continental Army.
Papers of Lieutenant Edward L. Goodlett of the 370th Infantry, 93rd Division are representative of World War I.
Printed matter includes government orders, broadsides, 19th-century speeches and writings on slavery and 20th-century booklets and journal articles for scholars or collectors.
In the year 1995 the Library of Congress purchased the collection from Gladstone and has been kept in the numerical order established by him, which is neither topical nor chronological.
This collection of manuscripts is complemented and enhanced by the Gladstone Collection of African-American Photographs in the Library’s Prints and Photographs Division .
A chronology of key events in African-American military service is also available.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#IndiraNaidoo-Harris, #HarinderMalhi, #Sikhhistory, #OntarioElementarySocialStudiesTeachersAssociation, #TheOntarioArtEducationAssociation, #TheOntarioAssociationofGeographicandEnvironmentalEducators, #TheOntarioLibraryAssociation, #SikhHeritageMuseumofCanada, #PardeepSinghNagra
Ottawa, Feb 22 (Canadian-Media): Indira Naidoo-Harris, Minister of Education, joined by Harinder Malhi, MPP for Brampton-Springdale and Minister of the Status of Women, announced this week at Sandalwood Heights Secondary School in Brampton that Ontario is developing new resources on Sikh history and heritage to help students understand Canada's diverse history and people, media reports said.
“I firmly believe that Ontario’s publicly funded education system must support and promote diverse perspectives. Through these resources, students will now have the opportunity to deepen understanding of Sikh heritage and the contributions of the Sikh community to Canada. These tools will help students further their knowledge of global issues and Canadian history,” Naidoo-Harris
was reported to state.
Indira Naidoo-Harris/Facebook page
The voluntary curriculum-linked resources are reportedly being developed by: The Ontario Elementary Social Studies Teachers Association, The Ontario Art Education Association, The Ontario Association of Geographic and Environmental Educators, and The Ontario Library Association in partnership with the Sikh Heritage Museum of Canada.
Sikh Heritage Museum of Canada/Facebook page
The Sikh Heritage Museum of Canada is located in Mississauga, Ontario, and is a Canadian organization celebrating the unique history, culture and legacy of Sikh Canadians.
It is dedicated to advancing and promoting knowledge, understanding and preservation of the cultural and religious life of Sikh people in Canada through quality museum exhibits, lectures and special programs.
A new voluntary curriculum-linked resource is reportedly being developed in partnership with the Sikh Heritage Museum of Canada, to support learning in a variety of subjects and courses for elementary and secondary students.
“The learning resources related to Canadian Sikh history and heritage are an important first step towards a more equitable, inclusive and representative education system in Ontario. Sikh pioneer contributions towards nation building are over 100 years in Canada and these resources in part will reflect that legacy,” Pardeep Singh Nagra, Executive Director, Sikh Heritage Museum of Canada was reported to state.
Pardeep Singh Nagra/Facebook page
The resources will reportedly be distributed through the subject associations’ networks in spring 2018 coinciding with the Ontario's designation of April as Sikh Heritage Month in 2013.
“The introduction of this curriculum is vital to understanding part of the Sikh community’s contribution and presence in Canada. These tools are part of our government’s ongoing journey towards providing students the knowledge they need to further navigate the diverse world they live in,” Malhi reportedly said.
Topics that would be covered will reportedly be: Sikh celebrations in Canada and diverse viewpoints on maintaining cultural practices; Sikh perspectives on global warming and climate change; The history of Sikh pioneers in Canada and human rights.
These tools will reportedly enable all students to embrace Canada's history and diversity, develop transferable skills, such as critical thinking, and increase their understanding of global issues.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Library of Congress: Facebook
#LibraryofCongress, #U.S.CopyrightOffice, #StandardApplication
Washington, Feb 12 (Canadian-Media): A final on group registration of photographs was recently issued by the U.S. Copyright Office which will take effect on February 20, 2018, Library of Congress (LOC) reports said.
Apart from modification of the earlier procedure of the Office for registering published photographs, LOC's new rule also establishes a similar procedure for registering unpublished photographs.
Applicants seeking a group registration, beginning February 20, 2018, will reportedly be required to use the online applications specifically designated for published and unpublished photographs.
These applicants would also be required to submit a digital copy of each photograph being registered.
These new applications were released on February 7, 2018, to give photographers enough time to familiarize themselves with the new forms before the rule goes into effect.
The Office also prepared help text that provides step-by-step instructions for completing each application for published and unpublished photographs.
As mentioned in the final rule, applicants will be required to prepare and submit a list containing the titles and file names for each photograph in a group, along with a copy of each photograph in the group.
The Office developed templates that may be used to prepare this list.
When the final rule goes into effect on February 20, 2018 a new circular would reportedly be issued by the U.S. Copyright Office to provide more information concerning these group registration options.
In the meantime, photographers may reportedly continue to use the Standard Application or a paper application to register a group of published photographs or a “collection” of unpublished photographs, but the claim must be received by February 19, 2018.
If Standard Application or a paper application form is used on or after February 20, 2018, the Office will refuse registration and instruct the applicant to resubmit the claim using the appropriate form.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#TorontoCityCouncil, #JohnTory, #GaryCrawford, #TorontoPublicLibrary, #City’sPovertyReductionStrategy,
Toronto, Feb 11 (Canadian-Media): This afternoon, Toronto Mayor John Tory and Gary Crawford, City Councillor and Budget Chief, Ward 36, Scarborough Southwest at City of Toronto highlighted the library initiatives in the City’s 2018 budget ahead of Monday's City Council meeting to debate the 2018 budget, media reports said.
City of Toronto plans to invest $182 million in the Toronto Public Library, including opening on Sundays subject to the approval of City’s 2018 budget this week.
Toronto Public Library: Facebook page
Nine additional library branches that would reportedly be opened would be: Burrows Hall, Eglinton Square, Jane/Dundas, Morningside, Sanderson, St. James Town, Steeles, Thorncliffe and Weston.
This will bring the total number of branches that would remain open on Sundays 42.
Sunday reportedly being the busiest day of the week, on an an hourly basis, the expanded Sunday service would support the objectives of the City’s Poverty Reduction Strategy -- a concrete, 20-year plan that was unanimously approved by City Council in 2015. It contains 17 recommendations linked to a set of actions to be carried over a four-year period -- by giving people access to safe space, technology and information.
"We are choosing to invest in people by bringing library access into neighbourhoods which need it most. The library is about making sure everyone in Toronto has access, opportunity and connections,” John Tory was reported to state.
Sunday service also reportedly responds to the needs of families with children who need a place to visit and learn, students who need a place to study, do research, and the needs of entrepreneurs and small business owners for mobile work space during non-traditional hours.
"This program, along with several other measures in the Poverty Reduction Strategy from the 2018 budget, will make a difference in people’s lives, provide hope and opportunity, and make our city a fairer more inclusive place to live,” Crawford was reported to state.
Reporting by Asha Bajaj
Library of Congress: Facebook
#ThePublicLibraryAssociation, NationalNetworkofLibrariesofMedicine, #AmericanJournalofPublicHealth, PewResearchCenter,
Toronto, Jan 3 (Canadian-Media) The Public Library Association (PLA) is partnering with the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM) to train librarians nationwide to better serve patrons seeking medical guidance to close the gap between the number of low health literate library patrons, and the lack of training and resource familiarity of libraries, media reports said.
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals are able to obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
Low health literacy is a serious and dangerous nationwide issue that has unfortunately claimed the lives of many.
According to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, only 12 percent of adults have proficient health literacy, which means nearly nine out of ten adult lack the skills necessary to maintain their health, and prevent diseases and infections.
Many individuals who lack health literacy skills cannot read or understand prescription labels and their providers’ instructions and health plans.
They lack numeracy skills to choose health and prescription coverage, and have little to no knowledge on various basic health topics.
Additionally, culture and language barriers can hurt an individual’s ability to understand health plans and instructions.
According to American Journal of Public Health estimates reportedly an excess of $230 billion a year in health care costs is linked to low adult literacy due to the role it plays in increasing hospitalization rates, declining utilization of preventative services, and overall poor healthcare outcomes.
A large number of individuals reportedly are at risk of low health literacy, including older adults, racial and ethnic minorities, people with less than a high school degree or equivalency, people with low income levels, non-native speakers of English, and people with compromised health status.
Education, language, culture, access to resources, and age are all factors that affect a person's health literacy skills.
According to a 2010 study, 37 percent of library users, including 57 percent of seniors living in poverty, used public library computers to seek health information.
A 2013 survey showed that a third of the public librarians who responded were unfamiliar with resources that could help patrons with health-related queries.
In 2015, the Pew Research Center -- -- a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. We conduct public opinion polling, demographic research, content analysis and other data-driven social science research We do not take policy positions -- conducted a survey of Americans ages 16 and older on the role libraries play in their lives and in their communities.
Nearly 75 percent of the respondents said that libraries are helpful when it comes to seeking information on healthcare.
According to the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, only 12 percent of adults have proficient health literacy,
Libraries serve as vital community hubs and play significant roles in community-based efforts such as health literacy.
Unfortunately, many librarians and administrators are unfamiliar with the health resources available to serve patrons.
The new partnership with PLA-NNLM reportedly address the issue in a number of ways, including with training podcasts, webinars, conference sessions, and a dedicated resources and training website for librarians to better serve patrons seeking medical guidance.
PLA Deputy Director Scott G. Allen said the new initiative, called Promoting Healthy Communities, is designed to tailor medical information for librarians serving a general audience and added, “Public librarians are charged with helping those patrons, but they’re not taught a whole lot in library school about consumer health information or literacy. So they sort of have to learn it on the job.”
“We’re looking for other sources of support, but we’re trying to do things, such as the website, in ways that we can sustain without a lot of resources. Every time we do a webinar in our program, or an article in our journal, it gets archived and we can refer people to it. So we do hope to continue after April,” said Allen
NNLM realizes that even though there are available resources available for librarians, the high-level material is too complex for the basic healthcare consumer information sought by patrons.
PLA-NNLM partnership will help librarians who are seeking a credential in Consumer Health Information Specialization managed by the Medical Library Association and can use training on the materials.
“Some public library staff have a lot of experience with this and maybe just want to take some courses on cultural issues in healthcare, or privacy issues, or opioids,” Allen said.
ProLiteracy and the American Library Association (ALA) Office for Diversity, Literacy and Outreach Services have partnered to further efforts outlined in the National Library Literacy Action Agenda, a resource to help libraries implement processes for institutionalizing adult literacy efforts.
By acknowledging library-focused initiatives such as the PLA-NNLM partnership to increase and improve training on health literacy materials for librarians, and by furthering efforts like those of the ALA and ProLiteracy partnership, health literacy of Americans nationwide could be collectively improved.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#KentuckyCenterfortheBook, #LibraryofCongress, #LOC, #U.S.Congress, #U.S.CopyrightOffice, #CarlaHayden, #BillGoodman,
Washington, Feb 1 Canadian-Media): Kentucky Center for the Book becomes the newest affiliated center Library of Congress (LOC), media reports said.
LOC, reportedly the world’s largest library and the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office, offers access to records of the United States and from around the world—both on-site and online,
“We are pleased to welcome the new Kentucky Center for the Book as the newest affiliate to help promote reading with the Center for the Book at the Library of Congress,” said Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden. “The Kentucky Center already has demonstrated a commitment to the mission of promoting books, reading and literacy with its many programs.”
LOC’s Center for the Book was reportedly created by Congress in 1977 to stimulate public interest in books and reading and has become a national force of literacy promotion with affiliates in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The affiliates will reportedly meet in the spring to exchange ideas.
Kentucky Humanities Executive Director Bill Goodman said that he was thrilled to become Kentucky’s Center for the Book and added, “Kentucky Humanities is deeply committed to promoting literacy in Kentucky through PRIME TIME Family Reading Time, the Kentucky Book Fair and our upcoming Kentucky Reads initiative. We look forward to continuing to share the love of reading and writing and promoting community discussions about great literature and its relevance to our lives with citizens of the Commonwealth."
Kentucky Humanities, supported by the National Endowment and by private contributions, is an independent, nonprofit affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Deb Matthews: Twitter
#Ontario, #Collegelabourdispute, #DebMatthews, #KevinFlynn, #OntarioPublicServiceEmployeesUnion
Toronto, Nov 20 (ICanadian-Meda): A legislation was passed by Ontario Nov 19 to end the Ontario college labour dispute to end college strike and return college students to the classroom, media reports said.
24 Ontario colleges of approximately 12,225 faculty members including professors, instructors, counsellors and librarians had been on strike had reportedly started on October 16, 2017.
“Students were in the middle of the strike for too long. We needed to put students first, and get them back to their studies. This legislation ensures students can get back to the classroom and refocus on their education,” Deb Matthews, Ontario Deputy Premier, Minister of Advanced Education and Skills Development and Minister Responsible for Digital Government was reported by the media to state.
The colleges, in the meantime, had been instructed by the Ontario government to establish fund with net savings from the strike reportedly dedicated to support students who had experienced financial difficulties due of the strike reportedly with direct consultation with students.
“Our government respects and believes in the collective bargaining process. It is only in special circumstances that government intervention should occur. Through all of this, our focus has been on students and their learning. We want to see students back in the classroom as quickly as possible so that they can continue their education while an agreement is reached,” Kevin Flynn, Ontario Minister of Labour was reported by the media to state.
Kevin Flynn: Facebook
The Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology Labour Dispute Resolution Act, 2017 governing the labour dispute between the College Employer Council and the Ontario Public Service Employees Union (OPSEU) college academic unit had reportedly expired on September 30, 2017.
The mediator-arbitrator reportedly were authorised to determine and conclude a new collective agreement in settling any related matter.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Library of Congress: Facebook
To streamline access to its content, the Library of Congress (LOC) has redesigned its portal to provide numerous resources to support information professionals worldwide for librarians and archivists, media reports said.
For the execution of reportedly standard library functions of acquisitions, bibliographic access, preservation and public service, the new portal highlights an overview of these activities at the Library and links to a wealth of content and documentation in each area.
The opening page of each of the four library functions is provided reportedly with a new banner which offers access to our most popular online catalogs and quick links to content for library professionals: the Library of Congress Classification Outline, BIBFRAME and MARC21.
Wide variety of material types and subjects throughout the Library are filled with Archives and manuscript collections.
Archival description requires great emphasis on the processes of cataloging for the LC Online Catalog and producing finding aids. Subsequently this landing page reportedly focuses on the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) standard to allow easy access to a large body of finding aids for manuscript collections and a link to the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections.
A special section is dedicated, said official reports, to resources for subject catalogers, which provides descriptions and pointers to controlled vocabularies and thesauruses used for categorization of diverse library materials and collections in all formats.
Library of Congress subject headings documentation, according to official reports, are provided in free Portable Document Formats (PDFs) facilitating access to literally hundreds of downloadable vocabularies and ontologies through id.loc.gov.
Pages highlighting many products and services offered by the Library, including cataloging-related tools and resources, online reference support, duplication services, disaster-recovery resources and interlibrary loan to the librarians are also of interest to information professionals.
The reading and literacy page contains information about the special outreach programs and festivals "From the Center for the Book to the National Book Festival', providing resources and support for teachers, authors, poets and reading enthusiasts worldwide, the reports said.
The Library also acts as the “maintenance agency” for a large number of resource description, digital library, and metadata standards used by libraries, museums and many other organizations that organize and describe large bodies of materials. The revised standards landing page acts as a portal to over 20 standards and protocols the Library maintains.
LOC at the American Library Association (ALA), formerly a separate site, is now a part of the new portal.
American Library Association: Facebook
Numerous presentations, demonstrations and consultations, offered by the Library, at its pavilion on the exhibit floor of every ALA conference, the annual ALA midwinter meeting and the ALA annual conference each summer are provided by LOC.
Information about the schedules for presentations at the Library’s exhibit pavilion and conference meetings, Library’s participation as well as the semiannual “update” document that outlines the Library’s accomplishments and initiatives of interest to the library community are provided by the The ALA section of the new online redesigned portal.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Mitzie Hunter: Twitter
#ParentEngagement, #GranvilleAnderson, #ParentInvolvementCommittees, #ChrisSpere, #TruthandReconciliationCommission, #Anti-RacismDirectorate, #MitzieHunter
Toronto, Oct 2 (Canadian Media): Granville Anderson, Parliamentary Assistant to the Ontario Minister of Education made an announcement Sep 29 at Port Perry High School, Ontario that many school-based and regional projects are being offered in more than 2,600 schools and encouraging more parent involvement in their children’s education that will help boost the achievement of students, media reports said.
Anderson had tweeted, "Students are more likely to succeed when parents are engaged. Congrats to @PortPerryHS on receiving funding."
The school council of Port Perry High School is reportedly receiving funding, said Anderson to enable parents access the tools and information to support their children's mental health and well-being.
“Ontario is supporting greater parent engagement with this year’s Parents Reaching Out Grants, providing even more parents with the opportunity to get involved in their children’s education and reducing systemic barriers to participation.” Anderson was quoted by the media.
Parent Involvement Committees (PIC) and not-for-profit organizations working with parents in creating local solutions that help parents overcome barriers to getting more involved in their children's learning.
Since 2006, more than 22,000 Parents Reaching Out (PRO) grants to school councils and over 900 regional/provincial grants for a total investment of more than $34.7M had been awarded by the government.
Ontario's PRO Grants are designed to support parents in identifying barriers to parent engagement in their own community and to find local solutions to involve more parents in support of student achievement and well-being.
“Through PRO Grants, our Parent Involvement Committee brought together parents, teachers, and school councils from across our region to support student achievement and well-being. The PRO Grant made our parent symposium a reality, provided resources and expertise to parents and students, and fostered a collaborative environment between families and school,” Chris Spere
Chair, Parent Involvement Committee, Waterloo Catholic District School Boar was quoted by the media.
In 2017-18, Ontario is making an investment in 2,670 schools and supporting 119 regional and province-wide projects -- the highest number since 2007-08 -- through PRO Grants program, which support local school councils.
All 72 school boards are receiving 2017-18 PRO Grant funding through school council and/or regional/provincial applications.
In keeping with the key priorities of Ontario's renewed vision for education, these grants are part of the province's commitment to supporting achievement, well-being, and equity.
Special consideration was also given to projects that support the engagement of parents from Indigenous or racialized communities this year to align with the ministry’s commitment to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the goals of the Anti-Racism Directorate (ARD).
Reportedly in 2009 Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada is a multi-year process to listen to survivors, communities and others affected by the Residential School system operating for more than 250 years with over 150,000 children attending these schools suffered loneliness physical and sexual abuse. The resulting collection of statements, documents and other materials now forms the heart of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.
ARD works to eliminate systemic racism in government policies, decisions and programs to help everyone reach their unique potential and fully participate in society and in reducing the gap between the disadvantaged and privileged.
A diverse range of projects are being reportedly supported by this year's PRO Grants such as: Family math nights for parents in which parents learn about strategies to support their children's math learning, family fitness events to promote physical activity, healthy eating and positive mental health and well-being, information sessions for parents on transferable life skills and post-secondary education pathways available for their children, tools and resources to support parents from diverse communities in fostering inclusive learning environments at home and at school.
According to studies increased parents' engagement in their children's education result in students' higher grades, improved behaviour and social skills, leading their education at a higher level.
“The recipients of this year’s Parents Reaching Out Grants have found innovative ways to address barriers to parent engagement. Overcoming these barriers is key to improving outcomes for all students, regardless of their background. These grants are an important part of our vision to enhance engagement among schools, students, families, and communities,” Mitzie Hunter, Minister of Education was quoted by the media.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)