#Seychelles; #ClimateChange; #UN; #FinancialInstruments
New York, Oct 30 (Canadian-Media): Protecting marine areas from over-exploitation and providing the people who have traditionally lived off the sea with a sustainable alternative livelihood does not come cheap, but in the Seychelles, a focus on financial instruments is making that task easier.
A giant tortoise makes its way to the water's edge on a beach on Curieuse Island, a Seychelles National Park. Credit: Seychelles Tourism Board/Ennio Maffei
The Seychelles, an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, is rich in biodiversity. However, years of over-fishing and the impact of climate change has meant that many Seychellois are unable to make a living.
Fishermen at Beau Vallon beach in the Seychelles prepare their nets for fishing.
Seychelles Tourism Board/Ennio Maffei
Fishermen at Beau Vallon beach in the Seychelles prepare their nets for fishing. Seychelles Tourism Board/Ennio Maffei.
The island nation’s Government has been supported by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) to put together a financial plan, including a “blue bond” and debt restructuring focused on climate adaptation.
Ultimately, up to 400,000 km2, around 40 per cent of its marine environment, will be protected and marine resources will be managed in a sustainable way for the benefit of the people of the Seychelles.
Read more here about how protected areas are being financed.
New York, Oct 30 (Canadian-Media): The world’s mountain and glacier regions are facing unprecedented challenges due to climate change, imposing a crippling effect on the people and economies that rely on them, the UN’s weather agency explained on Tuesday, ahead of a summit to address the world’s rapidly-changing water systems.
The earth’s glaciers, snow, permafrost and associated ecosystems, collectively known as the cryosphere, provide drinkable water for half of the world, but as the earth gets warmer, the supply is becoming unpredictable.
The UN’s weather agency which is carefully monitoring the effects of climate change on water supplies, WMO, and partners, kicked off the High Mountain Summit in Geneva on Tuesday. Mountain environments are seeing changes in flash flooding patterns, retreating mountain glaciers, and changes to seasonal runoff, among others.
As a result of these changes on the world’s peaks, freshwater supplies are being impacted, from mountainsides to urban economies, as recognized by the UN in a recent General Assembly Resolution on Sustainable Mountain Development.
From the Yukon, to the Andes, the mountain cryosphere provides and regulates freshwater resources for around half of the world’s population, WMO explained in the summit concept note, and the retreating ice, is creating major impacts.
Species dependent on snow cover are migrating further and further upslope; pastures irrigated by glacial melt are becoming parched; artificial snowmaking is compensating for limited snowfall on the ski slopes; and glacial lake flooding, landslides and avalanches are costing more lives and economic loss.
The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) outlined these repercussions in a special report published in September, ahead of the three-day mountain summit, which addresses the growing burden of the changing climate and its strain on the earth’s water systems, from its oceans, to its ice sheets.
In the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, floods alone account for one-third of all natural disasters, which are increasing and leaving one billion people at greater risk of exposure, one expert on the region told summit attendees. Around the world, the human impacts of natural hazards are rising, nearly doubling every decade.
WMO’s high-level dialogue aims to engage decision-makers and local actors to make the most of existing mechanisms to enhance the presence and quality of hydro-meteorological and climate services for disaster risk reduction, and better water resource management.
A multi-pronged solution
Those who are mountain-dwellers and know them well, have a unique relationship with nature, therefore, the culture aspect is key when it comes to implementing disaster disk management technologies, in places they’ve never been before.
People who are indigenous to Peru’s Andes region have long seen glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) as a fact of life and worshipped the mountain as a God. Building a weather station in a sacred place could stir fear of supernatural consequences among locals, who believe they may be punished by rain or drought, one environmentalist explained.
The nexus between research and decisions which will impact local people, however positive, is therefore, a delicate one, and clearly communicating the benefits of change is essential.
Further, the September IPCC report highlights the importance of locals’ and indigenous knowledge, coupled with scientific understanding, in building successful approaches to helping the earth’s highlands.
In recent years, two neighbouring indigenous populations in the United States, who share a large reservation in the northern Rocky Mountains, rely on glacier meltwater for pasture irrigation, fishery maintenance, and traditional ceremonies, and thus, have sought to install mechanisms for more efficient water use, but were met with land law roadblocks.
Governments must play a major role in supporting adaptation activities, which the High Mountain Summit seeks to promote. In addition, the event, concluding on 31 October, is expected to adopt a Call for Action, identify practical steps for enhancing the cryosphere, and foster interactive dialogue between science, policy, governance, and local actors.
The Summit will be followed by the Santiago Climate Change Conference, featuring the annual 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), taking into account the landmark Paris climate accord and UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
#Delhi, #AirPollution, #Environment
New Delhi (India), Oct 28 (Canadian-Media): The air quality of national capital Delhi and its surrounding areas worsened a day after Diwali for the first time this season with a large number of people ignoring the two-hour-limit for bursting firecrackers enforced by the Supreme Court, media reports said.
According to reports, Delhites woke up to a hazy morning with air pollution reached hazardous levels with PM2.5 particulate matter which can enter deep into the lungs reaching 735 micrograms per cubic meter at Delhi University, Ministry of Earth Sciences' air quality monitor, SAFAR showed.
System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) Pusa, Airport Terminal T3, Lodhi Road, Mathura Road, Noida, Ayanagar, Chandni Chowk, Dhirpur, and IIT Delhi was 480, 460, 436,413. 668, 477,466, 553 and 483, respectively.
The overall Air Quality Index(AQI) was 348 at 11:30 am, according to SAFAR.
Neighbouring Gurgaon and Noida also reported unabated fireworks beyond the permitted time frame.
In 2018, the Supreme Court banned the manufacturing and sale of polluting firecrackers and allowed that only green firecrackers, which cause 30 per cent less pollution, be used.
However, green crackers have failed to make an impact owing to higher prices, limited variety and poor availability.
#SupremeCourt, #AareyColony, #BombayHighCourt, #EnvironmentProtection,
Mumbai/New Delhi/IBNS: The Supreme Court on Monday directed that the Metro car shed project in Aarey colony area in Mumbai can continue.
However, the top court directed that the freeze on cutting down of trees will continue.
The Mumbai Metro earlier this month said it has cut down 2141 trees at the Aarey Milk Colony area but confirmed that it will honour the Supreme Court order and will not chop down any more trees at the site.
Hearing the petitions against the felling down of trees to make way for a metro project in Mumbai Aarey colony, the Supreme Court had earlier asked the Maharashtra government not to carry on with axing anymore.
The top court said this after the state government admitted that the required number of trees for the project have already been axed.
Activists started gathering at Aarey colony after a video showing a tree being cut went viral, alleging that act illegal.
After the video went viral, Shiv Sena scion Aditya Thackeray, whose party is an ally of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), spoke in favour of the activists and supported their resistance to “illegal” felling of trees by MCGM calling the act shameful.
Environmentalists have been protesting the decision to build metro rail depot at the Aarey Colony which has more than five lakh trees.
The Bombay High Court had dismissed the petition against felling of trees saying it cannot intervene in the matter as the case is pending before the Supreme Court and the National Green Tribunal.
The Aarey protests had attracted massive attention in Mumbai with celebrities like Amitabh Bachchan and Akshay Kumar coming out in favour of the government.
(Published first in India Blooms News Services)
United Nations, Oct 14 (Canadian-Media): United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres has praised the leadership role of Japan in climate resilience in the wake of deadly Typhoon Hagibis, UN reports said.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has described the typhoon as one of the highest impact storms to hit Japan in many years, with hurricane-force winds, record-breaking rainfall, devastating storm surges, and coastal and inland flooding.
The World Meteorological Organization/Facebook
According to media reports, tens of thousands of troops, firefighters and other emergency workers have been sent to the worst-hit areas, to rescue people trapped by floodwater.
By Sunday, the intensity of the storm had lessened, and it had moved off land. Utility companies were reportedly attempting to restore power to hundreds of thousands of homes.
Hagibis hit Japan just a month after another intense storm, Faxai, caused widespread damage to property in parts of the country, including tens of thousands of homes, which have yet to be repaired.
In a statement, released on Sunday, the Secretary-General said that he was saddened by reports of loss of life and extensive destruction caused by Hagibis. The UN chief extended his deep condolences to the families of the victims, the Government and people of Japan, and wished a speedy recovery to those who have been injured.
A World Meteorological Organization (WMO) video showing the progress of Typhoon Hagibis
#Manitoba; #StateofEmergency; #Storm&PowerOutage
Manitoba, Oct 13 (Canadian-Media): Premier Brian Pallister declared a state of emergency as a result of the treacherous storm, media reports said.
With about 37,500 Manitoba Hydro clients without electrical power, province's emergency centre reached a heightened level of concern.
The intention of the declaration is to give the Crown corporation time, and additional resources to do their repairs.
"We've had very heavy and freezing rain, heavy snow and strong winds," Pallister said, adding that an additional 20 to 25 millimetres is expected to fall in the south and central parts of the province into Sunday.
Several rural Indigenous communities, such as Peguis First Nation, are preparing to evacuate due to outages.
Stormy conditions in Manitoba/Twitter
The city of Winnipeg has already closed the floodgates and activated the Red River floodway on Wednesday to prevent flooding in the capital region.
Pumping operations are already underway in Emerson, Morris, Dominion City and some other communities.
The situation is being closely monitored by Manitoba Infrastructure and Sustainable Development.
In response to the declaration of state of emergency in Manitoba, Ontario Premier Doug Ford issued the following statement:
"Ontario stands ready to provide any assistance that the people of Manitoba may need during this challenging time. Our government has reached out to Premier Pallister to offer our full support in whatever capacity is needed...We are ready to help. As fellow Canadians, it's our duty to help others when they need it most. Our thoughts are with the people of Manitoba during this difficult time."