Quebec, Aug 10 (Canadian-Media): A change to the way complaints against police made by Indigenous people will be investigated, was announced by Martin Coiteux, Quebec's public security minister, media reports said.
Quebec's police watchdog — the independent investigations bureau (BEI) would take over, starting Sept. 17, any criminal allegations made by indigenous complainants against police officers.
Creation of a special special investigation unit within the BEI is being planned with hiring of an aboriginal liaison officer who will follow up with complainants of indigenous victims and refer them to appropriate resources.
The news comes in the wake of the 2015 allegations made by thirty-seven indigenous women had been sexually assaulted by policein the Val-d'Or area.
Even though these women filed official complaints, no criminal charges were laid against the police officers.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Yukon, #Canada; #KristaDempster; #YukonNativeLanguageCentre; #CouncilofYukonFirstNations
Yukon, Jul 26 (Canadian-Media): At least 10,000 pages of Yukon Indigenous language books material earlier available only on paper have been have been scanned, organized and published in eight indigenous languages of Yukon and made freely available online, media reports said.
Yukon Indigenous language books/Facebook
The eight languages in which the material -- which used to be available within the Yukon College office of the Yukon Native Language Centre -- has been published are: Gwich'in, Han, Kaska, Northern Tutchone, Southern Tutchone, Tagish, Tlingit and Upper Tanana.
The material can be found at www.ynlc.ca under the languages tab.
"Until now people from the communities would have to come into the language centre to access any resources. Or they'd have to put in an order and it would be mailed out to them. And they weren't free," said Krista Dempster, Language curriculum developer.
Scanning benefited people to search the records electronically, for one word or a person's name.
"You can actually search through all of the 10,000 pages that have been scanned," Dempster said.
The online publication only happened after a change in management of the Yukon government, which earlier this year, handed over responsibility for the Yukon Native Language Centre (YNLC) to the Council of Yukon First Nations (CYFN).
CYFN has proposed to change the YNLC, which earlier was just a resource to certify teachers, into a community school, reaching out to anyone interested in learning a Yukon Indigenous language.
YNLC's website already has a dictionary for Kaska that features pronunciations recorded by elders in communities and is now planning to add more audio.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#TorontoInternationalFilmFestival, #NationalIndigenousPeoplesDay; #CanadianMediaProducerAssociation
Toronto, Jun 22 (Canadian-Media): Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) honours, on National Indigenous Peoples Day being celebrated today, Indigenous artists' cultures and contributions, filmmakers, activists, and original keepers of our land, with a collection of video and Review articles that highlights their stories, media reports said.
“When my grandmother came out of that school in northern Ontario, she came out ashamed of who she was; she came out without her language; and she came out without our stories. Our stories are our survival,” said Jesse Wente in a keynote address he made for the Canadian Media Producer Association’s annual Prime Time event
The following 10 Stories, originally published by TIF, are recommended to be read.
The Seventh Fire tells about an interview with filmmaker Jack Pettibone Riccobono, producer Chris Eyre, and lead subject Rob Brown, about Native representation and the making of a documentary that centers on the Aboriginal gang crisis in America.
The Top 10 Indigeneous Films of All Time (originally published by CBC): TIFF's Jesse Wente recommends 10 films made by Indigeneous filmmakers, including Canada's own Jeff Barnaby, Zacharias Kunuk, and Alanis Obomsawin.
Empathy Exists in VR: In this Canadian filmmaker Alan Zweig speaks to Indigeneous documentarian Lisa Jackson about her new VR documentary, filmed on the Highway of Tears where hundreds of Indigenous women go missing each year.
Before The Streets Allows Its Indigeneous Hero to Heal: highlights Chloe Leriche's film, set in a Atikamekw Nation community in Quebec and the first to be performed entirely in the Atikamekw language, raised by TIFF Next Wave commitee member Isabel Coleman.
Through The Wormhole: tells about the indigenous artists Skawennati, Jason E. Lewis, and Scott Benesiinaabandan imagine a Canada 150 years into the future and how it relates to their own artistic practice in this vivid conversation, conducted in Montreal.
The Most Remarkable Performance of the Year is Lily Gladstone's: in which Jesse Wente interviews emerging Indigeneous actor Lily Gladstone about her stunning performance, opposite Kristen Stewart, in Kelly Reichardt's Certain Women.
"Indigeneous Existence is Resistance": The artists behind TIFF's new VR installation, 2167, discuss what "Aboriginal Futurism" means to them and why Canada's 150th birthday is not worth celebrating.
Yo, Adrian Ep. 22: Angry Inuk director Alethea Arnaquq-Baril: Yo, Adrian's Kiva Reardon and Fariha Roisin get an award-winning Inuit director on the podcast to talk about the politics of hunting seal meat and her new film, which was eight years in the making.
"For 150 years, people have been told lies about Canada's history": Alanis Obomsawin, legendary documentarian shares her journey of how she became a filmmaker and why, at age 84, she can't stop fighting for Indigeneous rights and freedoms in her work.
"Imagine if You Knew our Stories Already": As we consider the future of Canadian storytelling, the only way forward is to let those who have previously been silenced speak. Watch Jesse Wente's keynote speech at the Canadian Media Producer's Association.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Whitehorse, #Yukon, #Wikipedia, #FirstNations, #Indigenouscontent, #TheIndigenizeWikipediameetup, #HeatherSteinhagen, #YukontrapperAlexVanBibber, #AdelineWebber, #TeslinTlingit, #Whitehorselibrary, #elderknowledge, #DakhkáKhwáanDancers, #TogetherTodayforOurChildrenTomorrow. #WhitehorseAboriginalWomen'sCircle,
Whitehorse (Yukon), Apr 30 (Canadian-Media): A group of Whitehorse (Yukon) volunteers learned to create Wikipedia pages about Yukon First Nations people, events and culture and to customize these to ensure more Indigenous content was available on one of the most visited websites in the world, media reports said.
The Indigenize Wikipedia meetup at the Kwanlin Dun Cultural Centre this weekend was the first of its kind in the North, according to organizer Heather Steinhagen.
"The world is in need of this information. It exists elsewhere but the first thing we do is go to Google and search up a name and if that name doesn't show up on Google, we're probably going to toss that idea out the window and research someone else," said Steinhagen.
For this project no Wikipedia experience was required.
The event included everything from how to make a Wikipedia account to what information to include.
The Indigenize Wikipedia meetup page has a list of topics suggestions for Wikipedia pages, like late Yukon trapper Alex Van Bibber, the Dakhká Khwáan Dancers, and the document Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow.
Most are highlighted red, which means there isn't an article currently on Wikipedia.
"Our mission is to turn all the red topics into blue, which indicates there is an article," said Jacqui Usiskin, a participant.
Usiskin worked on a page about Adeline Webber, the Teslin Tlingit woman who was responsible for creating the Whitehorse Aboriginal Women's Circle and raised awareness about Indigenous women's rights.
"I think it's a minimum that we can do," said participant Sara Andrade, about creating pages featuring Indigenous people and issues in Yukon.
Sara Andrade, another participant worked on a page about the Umbrella Final Agreement, the overall Yukon First Nations land claims agreement.
"Wikipedia is huge and every time you look for something, it's always one of the first pages that comes up on your phone or computer," said Andrade.
"[There are/were] some really awesome people who live up here and everybody should know about them."
Wikipedia users were not permitted to write whatever they liked on the site.
Information reportedly should be cited from reliable sources and must be verifiable, according to the site's guidelines.
Saturday's meetup included research resources like books from the Whitehorse library, online resources and scholarly articles.
But the meetup was faced with an obstacle that might make it difficult to fully Indigenize Wikipedia — elder knowledge.
More research was required, said Steinhagen, to make elder knowledge a valid resource.
#TheMétiscommunity, #FortMcKay; #Alberta, #Canada
Fort McKay (Alta), Mar 28 (Canadian-Media): The Métis community of Fort McKay, Alta., has become the first in Canada to buy all of the land it's on from a provincial government, media reports said.
The $1.6 million transaction was finalized Monday between Fort McKay Métis and the Province of Alberta, leaving the former in complete control of its 800 acres of territory. A formal announcement with the province was scheduled for 11 a.m. MT today.
The community is small, both in terms of its size and its population. Not all of its 97 members live in the area, a 40-minute drive north from Alberta's oilsands developments in Fort McMurray. But it's now a pioneer in Métis history.
"The message … is that as we go over the future for Métis developments and Métis land claims all over the Prairies, we can say that Métis land ownership is not incompatible with the ownership of other interest groups," Dwayne Roth, a lawyer who played a key role in negotiations, said.
Felix Faichney, who grew up in the Fort McKay community, says the idea that he and the rest of its members would one day own the land they call home seemed a distant dream.
"It wasn't ours. We didn't have the freedom to do with our land what we wanted," Faichney, 20, the board director of the Fort McKay Métis Community, said as he surveyed some of the backwoods that will eventually be torn down to make way for housing.
Felix Faichney says he is glad young people in the Fort McKay Métis Community will have opportunities he didn't, now that it owns the land it's on. (Peter Evans/CBC)For years, Roth said, the Fort McKay Métis hesitated to develop the land, as they were leasing it from the province.
"To invest that kind of development infrastructure into something you don't own just didn't make economic sense."
Now, the construction equipment and fences that sit in a barren field should soon be transformed into a community pavilion.
A community pavilion will be developed in this clearing, now that the Fort McKay Métis have bought their land from Alberta. (Peter Evans/CBC)Across the street, an advertisement billboard should soon be replaced by the gas station, car wash and fast-food restaurant it currently promotes.
The community also has plans for a healing lodge, a spray park and an administrative centre.
For the community's president, Ron Quintal, this has all been long in the making. He said he was first elected to office in 2005 with a mandate to acquire the land in question.
"The work that I've done for this community is to allow my sons and all the sons and daughters of the community in Fort McKay to almost have an inheritance," said Quintal.
Key court decisionIn 2016, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled the federal government has the same level of responsibility toward Métis people in Canada as it does toward First Nations.
Quintal said the landmark decision is playing a key role in shifting how Métis are able to speak to, and negotiate with, different elected representatives across the country.
Fort McKay Métis president Ron Quintal says Métis nations in Canada have been lagging behind First Nations in asserting their rights for years. (Peter Evans/CBC )
"The First Nations have been able to get where they are through a recognition of treaty rights. They negotiated treaty rights years ago, and that's basically the platform they've been able to assert themselves on," Quintal said.
"The Métis haven't had that opportunity. Up until recently, recognition of Métis rights was non-existent."
Challenges aheadBut Quintal is also aware their example won't be the easiest one for Métis to emulate elsewhere.
With its proximity to the oilsands, his community has been uniquely placed to build up the wealth to buy its land over the years. Many of its members work for companies in the industry.
With its proximity to Fort McMurray, Alta., oilsands operations, the Fort McKay Métis Community was uniquely placed to build up wealth and buy its land from Alberta. (Raffy Boudjikanian/CBC)
That's not the case for other Métis communities in Canada. Still, both Quintal and Roth hope Fort McKay could serve as an inspiration.
"Communities that don't have the prosperity that we have, they can follow that model and start working with industry or whatever model it is that they have in their own backyards, to start to leverage this economic prosperity," Roth said.
As for Felix Faichney, he is excited about what the future has in store for Fort McKay, and he wants to be there to help build it. He'll be leaving his own full-time job in the oilsands industry at the end of March to dedicate himself full-time to the Métis.
"The youth coming up, like my son — [this purchase] creates all those opportunities for him, opportunities that I didn't have," he said, referring to two-year-old Felix Jr.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Justin Trudeau/Facebook page
#JustinTrudeau, #Tsilhqot’inNation, #JoeAlphonse, #reconciliation
Ottawa, May 27 (Canadian-Media): Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau apologized Mar 26 and absolved the Tsilhqot'in leaders of any wrongdoing more than 150 years after six B.C. First Nations chiefs were hanged by colonial authorities, media reports said.
The current leaders of the Tsilhqot'in Nation their traditional territory in British Columbia's central interior region were reportedly gathered on the floor of the parliamentary chamber while Trudeau delivered the apology Monday in the House of Commons on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on March 26, 2018.
"For generations of Tsilhqot'in youth, the first story they learn is of the historic betrayal by the British colonial government that led to the hanging of six of the nation's leaders, says Chief Joe Alphonse.
"Reconciliation starts here. Ground zero. Tsilhqot'in. This is where it starts," Alphonse said, describing the apology as "a giant step."
"Canada has a chance and opportunity to be a role model to all countries with Indigenous people. That's what this is about, a new way of doing things, a better way of doings things, that includes all of us."
"We recognize that these six chiefs were leaders of a nation, that they acted in accordance with their laws and traditions and that they are well regarded as heroes of their people," Trudeau said.
"They acted as leaders of a proud and independent nation facing the threat of another nation."
Trudeau then reportedly hugged a drummer and continued,
"As settlers came to the land in the rush for gold, no consideration was given to the rights of the Tsilhqot'in people who were there first," Trudeau said. "No consent was sought."
Members of parliament (MP)s in the House of Commons on Parliament Hill in Ottawa applaused while Trudeau read his speech and prompting the Tsilhqot'in chiefs to hold up eagle feathers in salute.
Canadian government's authority to execute the six chiefs as criminals, describing the confrontation as an altercation between warring nations had reportedly been disputed for a long time by the Tsilhqot'in.
Trudeau reportedly said that he understood that apologies cannot alone undo wrongs of the past, but he said that apologies an important part of reconciliation in renewing Canada's relationship with Indigenous people.
"If we're to move forward with the federal government, we need to tell this right and start with the truth. It's an emotional day for many of us," Chief Russell Myers was reported to state.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Indigenousvoters, #ElectionsCanada, #StéphanePerrault
Ottawa, Mar 18 (Canadian-Media): Elections Canada is launching new initiatives for training staff to better serve Indigenous voters in next year's polls, media reports said.
Elections Canada/Courtesy of CBCNews
Leaders in Indigenous communities would be contacted by returning officers in 28 electoral districts, this spring to plan with them the delivery of electoral services in the 2019 election.
The goal reportedly should be to improve access rather than persuading people to vote, said Stéphane Perrault, Canada's acting chief electoral officer.
"Indigenous voters may decide to participate, or not, and they have all kinds of historical reasons that will inform their choice," Perrault was reported to tell CBC News. "It's not for us to be a player in that, but we want to make sure that when they do choose to participate, that there's no administrative barrier."
Perrault added that Elections Canada is planning 18 months ahead of the campaign to to recruit more Indigenous people to work as returning officers and encourage their participation in local events in the communities.
Indigenous populations in their ridings would be trained by returning officers to be culturally competent in indigenous people's terminology and keep them well-informed about the socio-demographics on Indigenous people in Canada, their historical experiences, stereotypes and misconceptions.
There had been positive historical increase in turnout in on-reserve polling divisions, reported by Elections Canada, from 47.4 percent in 2011 to 61.5 percent in 2015 federal election.
This was an important reflection of reconciliation, said Perrault and added, "I have a lot of respect for the decision that they make to participate or not participate, but obviously I welcome their participation and hope that it increases."
"Our role is to make sure that if they want to participate, that we're there for them."
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#WalkingTogether:Ontario'sLong-TermStrategytoEndViolenceAgainstIndigenousWomen, #Ontario, #DavidZimmer, #Indigenouspeoples, #FamilyWell-BeingProgram, #Harinder Malhi, #SylviaMaracle, #DawnLavell-Harvard
Ottawa, Mar 18 (Canadian-Media): Ontario is investing $100 million on 'Walking Together': Ontario's Long-Term Strategy to End Violence Against Indigenous Women' over three years to address violence against Indigenous women and girls as one of many steps on Ontario's journey of healing and reconciliation with Indigenous peoples, media reports said.
“Walking Together is an example of the good that comes from governments and policymakers listening to Indigenous communities and working hand-in-hand with them on their priorities. Two years into the strategy, I’m proud of the province’s work and our accomplishments with Indigenous partners. More remains to be done, but Ontario is committed to continuing to walk together with First Nations, Métis and Inuit women and communities, to see this strategy through,” David Zimmer, Ontario Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation was reported to state.
The second progress report released in Feb 2016 on 'Walking Together' stressed on strategies to raise awareness, creation of culturally appropriate programming, improving socio-economic conditions to stop violence indigenous women experience, and to support their healing and wellness.
'Family Well-Being Program', an essential part of Walking Together, is also reportedly being implemented by First Nations, Inuit, Métis and urban Indigenous partners in more than 250 sites and communities across Ontario, with more than 200 program workers to make lives safer for indigenous children and families.
“Indigenous women, like all women in the province, deserve to feel safe wherever they are. We have made important progress on this goal in the two years since Walking Together was launched. Through the Kanawayhitowin: Taking Care of Each Other’s Spirit prevention and education campaign initiative, we have reached more than 52,000 people to raise awareness of the signs of violence against women in their communities,” Harinder Malhi, Ontario Minister for Status of Women was reported to state.
Harinder Malhi/ Facebook page
The executive committee that guides implementation of the strategy comprises representatives from the Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres, the Ontario Native Women’s Association, Chiefs of Ontario, the Métis Nation of Ontario, Independent First Nations, Nishnawbe Aski Nation, and Six Nations.
“I am happy to see the continued growth and progress of... Walking Together...developed out of years of collaborative work between Indigenous organizations and activists...OFIFC has been part of this work from the very beginning...looks forward to another year of progress through stronger relationships, greater collaboration, and better outcomes for our women, girls and communities,' Sylvia Maracle. Executive Director, Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres was reported to state.
Other key accomplishments of 'Walking Together' include Enacting the 'Missing Persons Act', which, when implemented, will make investigations missing persons more timely and effective; Hosting the fifth National Indigenous Women's Summit which would bring approximately 300 delegates together to workshop and recommend the best ways to empower Indigenous women now and in the future; Developing a Performance Measurement Framework to measure the success of Walking Together to improve how Ontario measures the success of Indigenous-focused initiatives.
“Walking Together has provided the Ontario Native Women’s Association and the communities we serve the opportunity to develop ...creation of many new programs and supports...meant to address...the lives of Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQ2S people in Ontario. Indigenous women, girls, and Two-Spirit people have sustained their families and communities through colonization..and ensure that policy, regulation, laws and programs increase their safety and well-being,” Dawn Lavell-Harvard, President, Ontario Native Women’s Association was reported to state.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#IndiraNaidoo-Harris, #Ontario, #MitzieHunter, #Indigenouslanguages, #FirstNation, #Métis, #Inuit students, #JasonLeBlanc, #TungasuvvingatInuit, #MargaretFroh, #MitzieHunter, #StrengtheningourLearningJourney, #IsadoreDay, #OntarioFederationofIndigenousFriendshipCentres, #OFIFC #IndigenousEducationKnowledgeNetwork, #IEKN, #KnowledgeNetworkforAppliedEducationResearch, #KNAER, # DavidZimmer
Ottawa, Mar 18 (Canadian-Media): Indira Naidoo-Harris, Minister of Education, and Mitzie Hunter, Minister of Advanced Education and Skills Development, were at Eastview Public School in Toronto this month and announced that Ontario is investing $10 million in 40 community-led programs over two years to support community-led programs to promote the revitalization of Indigenous languages to support the success and well-being of First Nation, Métis and Inuit students, media reports said.
"For ten years, strong relationships between Ontario, Indigenous partners, school boards and communities have supported the success and well-being of First Nations, Métis and Inuit students. Our government is investing in community-led programs that will help Indigenous students reach their full potential. All students benefit from a better understanding of Indigenous histories, cultures and contributions," Naidoo-Harris was reported to state.
Ontario is home to six Indigenous language families- Anishinaabek, Onkwehonwe, Mushkegowuk, Lunaape, Inuktitut and Michif, which include over 18 unique languages and dialects and community-led programs and projects will include language camps, Indigenous language immersion programing, the creation of curriculum, games and apps to support language learning.
"Tungasuvvingat Inuit is pleased to move forward with an Inuit specific approach to Indigenous Language opportunities in Ontario. This investment is consistent with the values and aspirations in our MOU with the ministry and will bring the Inuit world view to our shared work," Jason LeBlanc, Executive Director, Tungasuvvingat Inuit was reported to state.
Ontario and indigenous communities had signed a historical partnership as well as an agreement of Master Education programs to ensure the curriculum is more inclusive of First Nation, Métis and Inuit histories and cultures to promote the revitalization of Indigenous languages.
"The Métis Nation of Ontario would like to recognize its longstanding partnerships with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development...improving outcomes for Métis learners...acknowledges the ongoing efforts of these ministries in this area...for its commitment...ensure that as we move forward we will see long-term, positive impacts for all our students in the provincial education system," Margaret Froh, President, Métis Nation of Ontario was reported to state.
Starting in 2017, the Ontario government is investing an additional $56 million over three years for Indigenous Institutes to expand their capacity and strengthen their role as an important pillar in Ontario’s postsecondary education system.
"Education is key to reconciliation and Indigenous participation in our growing economy. Since our government introduced free tuition last year, we’ve seen a 34 per cent increase in Indigenous learners accessing aid to go to college or university. That, coupled with major investments in Indigenous Institutes and this languages fund, is helping to close the education gap — making higher education and training a reality for more Indigenous learners," Mitzie Hunter, Ontario Minister of Advanced Education and Skills Development was reported to state.
The province also released 'Strengthening our Learning Journey', the Third Progress Report on Ontario's First Nation, Métis and Inuit Education Policy Framework; the first two progress reports were published in 2009 and 2013, respectively.
"We have made significant strides in our partnership relationship with the province to...build on our accomplishments and make further changes in education to ensure that our students are achieving educational success without having to change who they are, how they think and what they believe in" Ontario Regional Chief Isadore Day, Chiefs of Ontario was reported to state.
Ontario in its commitmentment to Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples is supporting the existing development of new, child and family programs in over 40 First Nations.
In 2017, the Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres (OFIFC) was selected to lead the Indigenous Education Knowledge Network (IEKN) -- part of the ministry’s Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER) -- with an objective to share existing knowledge in support for the well-being and success of Indigenous girls and young women in schools.
The work of IEKN will be aligned with the intended outcomes of Walking Together: Ontario’s Long-Term Strategy to End Violence Against Indigenous Women.
In response to Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action (#62 and #63), Ontario is investing $15 million over three years to support the development of resources and educator capacity to enhance the learning and teaching of the history of the residential schools system, the legacy of colonialism and the importance of treaties.
"Education plays a significant role in the journey of reconciliation within Ontario schools. By working with Indigenous partners, we are strengthening Indigenous education across the province. This is helping to improve Indigenous student achievement and well-being. The Third Progress Report on Ontario’s First Nation, Métis and Inuit Education Policy Framework will help inform us on the important work that still lies ahead," David Zimmer, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation was reported to state.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#LibraryandArchiveCanada, #LAC, #AccesstoInformationandPrivacyAct, #EdwardSadowskie, #FirstNation, #LaurieMeijerDrees. #FirstNationandInuithealthcare
Ottawa, Feb 22 (Canadian-Media): Library and Archives Canada's (LAC) move to finally release a 98-year-old document on Ottawa's treatment of sick First Nations children, said the researchers this week, unveiled a part of Canada's history that had been hidden in the darkness of locked archives, media reports said.
Majority of old Indian Affairs health files, official reports said, were still locked away by LAC.
LAC initial refusal to release the document was based on provisions of the Access to Information and Privacy Act that exempts files covered by solicitor-client privilege.
Edward Sadowskie had requested the release of the document to study the case of First Nation students who contacted tuberculosis and were sent for treatment, as part of the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement.
When he failed to get the document released, he filed a complaint last October with the federal Office of the Information Commissioner which opened an investigation.
A little over a week after CBC News first reported on the case, Sadowski learnt from LAC that it had reconsidered the case and decided to release the document without restrictions.
Laurie Meijer Drees, chair of the First Nations studies department at Vancouver Island University, said the released file was just a part of group of documents which contain the descriptions of the ideology, policy and decisions on how the federal government had been handling health care for Indigenous peoples.
"There are hundreds of documents in archives that should be opened but are not, that we need to look at to get a better impression of what went on," said Drees.
Drees said LAC still keeps all records produced by the federal National Health and Welfare Department locked in their archives.
The department took over First Nation and Inuit health care from Indian Affairs in 1945.
Health records produced by Indian Affairs were only accessible, said Drees, through individual requests under the Access to Information Act.
"You can't actually research this topic as as researcher because it could take you 100 years to get them," she said.
Sadowski said the document revealed the steps Ottawa took to deal with tuberculosis outbreaks in First Nations communities, which were made worse by residential schools, while keeping costs down.
The document was from the time when Duncan Campbell Scott was deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs.
It was reportedly Scott who made amendments to the Indian Act that made it mandatory for First Nations children to attend residential schools.
Scott once stated that Indian Affairs' goal was to find a "final solution of our Indian problem."
An Indian Affairs letter of 1920 described the case of a young girl with tubercular spine and the case of a child with eye trouble who could not be properly treated in their home but whose parents refused to permit them to be taken to a hospital for treatment.
Sadowski said the Indian Act was amended by 1927, giving the department the powers it wanted.
A 1926 letter from the United Church to Scott revealed why parents didn't want their sick children taken away for treatment to places like Selkirk, Manitoba.
"The Indians seem to object to their children being sent to Selkirk, as they say they never see them again, because of the distance, and because most of them go there to die," said the letter signed by the United Church's general secretary Rev. J. H. Edmison.
Edmison was writing to Scott about the possible construction of an "isolation hospital" for children with tuberculosis near the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in Kenora, Ontario.
A $1.1 billion class action lawsuit was reportedly launched last month by two law firms against Ottawa over abuse suffered by "Indian hospital" patients.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)