#InternationalYearofIndigenousLanguages; #UnitedNations; #PabloRodriguez; #CarolynBennett; #TheIndianAct; #SixtiesScoop
Ottawa, Jan 29 (Canadian-Media): The International Year of Indigenous Languages (IYIL) is a United Nations (UN) observance in 2019 with an aim to raise awareness of the consequences of the endangerment of Indigenous languages across the world, media reports said.
Official Global Launch Event of the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages
IYIL2019 also aims to establish a link between language, development, peace, and reconciliation.
Pablo Rodriguez, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Multiculturalism, and Carolyn Bennett, Liberal Member of Parliament for Toronto-St. Paul's; Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, stated on UNESCO's IYIL2019 observance that most indigenous languages spoken in Canada were endangered as a result of past government laws, policies and actions including The Indian Act, residential schools and the Sixties Scoop.
The Indian Act, was reportedly enacted in 1876 and has since been amended and allows the government to control most aspects of aboriginal life: Indian status, land, resources, wills, education, band administration and so on.
The 'Sixties Scoop' reportedly refers to the large-scale removal of Indigenous children from their homes, communities and families of birth through the 1960s, and their subsequent adoption into predominantly non-Indigenous, middle-class families across the United States and Canada.
Pablo Rodriguez Carolyn Bennett
They said that language being the cornerstone of our identity defining who we are and gives us our voice and added urgent action was required to preserve and revitalize them.
Every Indigenous child, the ministers said, should grow up with a strong connection to their language for their better health, education and economic outcomes.
Government of Canada had already invested $90 million, both the ministers in their statements said, for Indigenous languages initiatives, including funding for Indigenous literacy programs and language revitalization projects
They were grateful, they said, to be working in partnership with Indigenous People and to the many inspiring Indigenous leaders who with their hard work, have contributed to the global recognition of the importance of Indigenous languages.
We have to make every effort, they added, to preserve Indigenous languages for Indigenous Peoples' strong futures for generations to come.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#FirstNations; #SarahPash, #CreeCulture, #CreeMuseumofFootprintsexhibition, #Walkingoutceremony, #Quebec, #Canada; #HistoryAward
Ottawa, Jan 26 (Canadian-Media): A multimedia exhibition, 'Footprints: A Walk Through Generations', developed by the newest Cree community -- Aanischaaukamikw Cree Cultural Institute (ACCI) in Oujé-Bougoumou of Quebec, Canada -- won a 2018 Governor General of Canada's History Award for Excellence in Museums, media reports said.
This Award for Excellence would be handed out on January 28, during a ceremony at Rideau Hall, Ottawa, the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, the national representative of the Canadian Monarch.
The ancestors of the current Cree population considered themselves as a nation of hunters following the seasons and animal migrations after occupying the James Bay of Northern Quebec land for nearly 5,000 years.
According to the Cree tradition, children’s feet should not touch the ground outside of a tent until they are able to stand or walk on their own.
During the ritual of 'Walking out ceremony' children, dressed in traditional clothing, are officially welcomed into the community.
"Walking out ceremony of cree culture. Image credit: twitter handle of Cree culture inst
The exhibition presents artifacts from a walking out ceremony marking a young Cree child's first encounter with nature, the whole of it included with archival photographs, audio and video elements.
Unveiled in 2017, the exhibition contains about 150 artifacts linked to the many facets of walking in Cree culture, and.has since travelled to each Cree community.
These History Awards, established in 1996, said a release by the Governor General's office, recognize teaching methodology of history including museums, community programming, scholarly research and media.
In total, 18 were given out for the 2018 History Awards.
Winning this award displayed Centre's priorities, said, Sarah Pash, chief executive officer of ACCI, such as indigenous quality research, language and culture preservation, and helped promote Cree culture beyond Canada.
Sarah Pash. Image credit: Facebook page
ACCI is a non-profit organization, added Pash, and dependent upon government funding and private donors.
In May of 2019, the exhibition is expected to begin a cross-Canada tour with a 10 month visit to the Canadian Museum of History, in Gatineau, Quebec.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Canada, #IndigenousPeople, #TransMountainPipeline
Toronto, Jan 17 (Canadian-Media): A group of Indigenous people plan to buy Trans Mountain pipeline and its controversial expansion plan from the federal government of Canada, media reports said.
Trans Mountain Pipeline. Image credit: Pixaby
It is reportedly believed that this could boost the economy of the Indigenous people.
But considering that federal government last summer spent reportedly $4.5 billion to buy the existing pipeline and related infrastructure, price tag for the Indigenous people is high.
On top of that it is reportedly expected that more than $7 billion would be spent on constructing the expansion pipeline.
The approval of the National Energy Board (NEB) which studies the potential impact of the existing pipeline on the the marine environment is also required.
Indigenous communities need equity ownership in pipelines and other projects in order to proceed, suggested energy industry and that companies need to work directly with them, Questerre Energy Corp. president and CEO Michael Binnion said.
“I believe that in order to create real economies on reserves, real progress must be made on real indicators,” said Marlene Poitras, the influential Alberta regional chief for the Assembly of First Nations adding that projects needed to boost wages for Aboriginal people, educational opportunities and ownership opportunities.
But Ken Coates, a University of Saskatchewan professor and the Macdonald-Laurier Institute's senior fellow in Aboriginal and Northern Canadian issues favored Indigenous People's proposal of owning the pipeline.
When questioned by CBC News about the significance of the First Nations's proposal of owning the project and its impact on the landscape for Indigenous groups, said Coates that the First Nations were determined and confident that once they own the project, their economic independence would be boosted.
It would also improve Canada's much-promised new relationship with Aboriginal people, continued Coates, and that Canada should go out of its way to create openings for Indigenous folks.
But, Coates added, that a lot of this possibility would depend on what price the government of Canada would charge for the pipeline and what the financial arrangements could be.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Winnipeg, #Manitoba, #Canada; #Indigenous
Winnipeg/Toronto, Jan 16 (Canadian-Media): Removal of an infant, soon after her birth, from her indigenous mother from Winnipeg (Manitoba) had aroused an international attention, media reports said.
Image: New born child. Image credit: UNICEF
No compassion was shown during apprehension either to Winnipeg mother and her family, which left them in traumatic situation.
Viewing of the Facebook Video of the infant’s removal more than 300,000 times
had created a spotlight on the issue of newborn apprehensions.
Immediately after her birth, the infant was placed for five days in an emergency placement with either a foster family or in a Winnipeg infant shelter.
A written statement to the media was provided by the First Nations Family Advocate in Manitoba, prior to infant's birth early last week, that the Winnipeg mother -- whose name cannot be revealed under Manitoba law -- had arranged for her aunt to take guardianship of the baby.
“Like all mothers, I love my baby very much and want the best for her, which includes having a close bond with me," said the mother, "I had no idea that babies were being apprehended every day from their mothers. I am sad this occurs so frequently.”
She hoped to learn sometimes today if her new born daughter would be united with her family.
But the mother is thankful that this incident has shed light on this issue in Manitoba
According to a report, 87 percent of a total of 354 infants removed from their Manitoba families in 2017 were from First Nations.
259 of these infants remained in care and 12 months later were transferred to permanent wardship.
Manitoba’s Ministry of Families had referred to the allegations surrounding removal of the infant, immediately after her birth, to Manitoba’s General Child and Family Services.
But a reply from the authority is still awaited.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)