Cholera patient: wikipedia
#Yemen, #Arabian Peninsula #cholera, #WorldHealthOrganization, #WorldFoodProgramme, #UNICEF, #AnthonyLake, #DavidBeasley, #DrTedrosAdhanomGhebreyesus, #KingSalmanReliefCenter, #UnitedNationsCentralEmergencyResponseFund, #WorldBank, #YemenHumanitarianPooledFund
Toronto, July 27 (Canadian-Media): In one of the worst cholera outbreaks of cholera in Republic of Yemen -- Arab country in Western Asia at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula -- recorded more than 400 000 cases of suspected cholera, media reports said.
According to Cholera Factsheet updated July 2017, Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is an virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhoea.
Symptoms of cholera are visible between 12 hours and 5 days after ingesting contaminated food or water.
Both children and adults are susceptible to Cholera, which and can kill within hours if untreated.
Nearly 1900 associated deaths reportedly in the last three months occurred due to Cholera and the country was left on the verge of famine with nearly 2 million Yemeni children acutely malnourished.
More than 30 000 health workers reportedly did not receive their salaries in more than 10 months, but many still report for duty. So did the heads of the three United Nations agencies -- World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) -- who traveled together to Yemen to see how help could be rendered to people of Yemen in this humanitarian crisis.
In a joint statement today, Anthony Lake UNICEF Executive Director, David Beasley, WFP Executive Director, and, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, said,
""As the heads of three United Nations agencies – UNICEF, the World Food Programme (WFP) and WHO – we have travelled together to Yemen to see for ourselves the scale of this humanitarian crisis and to step up our combined efforts to help the people of Yemen.
"This is the world’s worst cholera outbreak in the midst of the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. In the last 3 months alone, 400 000 cases of suspected cholera and nearly 1900 associated deaths have been recorded. Vital health, water and sanitation facilities have been crippled by more than 2 years of hostilities, and created the ideal conditions for diseases to spread.
"The country is on the brink of famine, with over 60 per cent of the population not knowing where their next meal will come from. Nearly 2 milllion Yemeni children are acutely malnourished. Malnutrition makes them more susceptible to cholera; diseases create more malnutrition. A vicious combination.
"At one hospital, we visited children who can barely gather the strength to breathe. We spoke with families overcome with sorrow for their ill loved ones and struggling to feed their families.
"And, as we drove through the city, we saw how vital infrastructure, such as health and water facilities, have been damaged or destroyed.
"Amid this chaos, some 16 000 community volunteers go house to house, providing families with information on how to protect themselves from diarrhea and cholera. Doctors, nurses and other essential health staff are working around the clock to save lives.
"More than 30 000 health workers haven’t been paid their salaries in more than 10 months, but many still report for duty. We have asked the Yemeni authorities to pay these health workers urgently because, without them, we fear that people who would otherwise have survived may die. As for our agencies, we will do our best to support these extremely dedicated health workers with incentives and stipends.
"We also saw the vital work being done by local authorities and NGOs, supported by international humanitarian agencies, including our own. We have set up more than 1000 diarrhoea treatment centres and oral rehydration corners. The delivery of food supplements, intravenous fluids and other medical supplies, including ambulances, is ongoing, as is the rebuilding of critical infrastructure – the rehabilitation of hospitals, district health centres and the water and sanitation network. We are working with the World Bank in an innovative partnership that responds to needs on the ground and helps maintain the local health institutions.
"But there is hope. More than 99 per cent of people who are sick with suspected cholera and who can access health services are now surviving. And the total number of children who will be afflicted with severe acute malnutrition this year is estimated at 385 000.
"However, the situation remains dire. Thousands are falling sick every day. Sustained efforts are required to stop the spread of disease. Nearly 80 percent of Yemen’s children need immediate humanitarian assistance.
"When we met with Yemeni leaders -- in Aden and in Sana’a -- we called on them to give humanitarian workers access to areas affected by fighting. And we urged them – more than anything – to find a peaceful political solution to the conflict.
"The Yemeni crisis requires an unprecedented response. Our 3 agencies have teamed up with the Yemeni authorities and other partners to coordinate our activities in new ways of working to save lives and to prepare for future emergencies.
"We now call on the international community to redouble its support for the people of Yemen. If we fail to do so, the catastrophe we have seen unfolding before our eyes will not only continue to claim lives but will scar future generations and the country for years to come."
WHO’s response to the second wave of the cholera outbreak is possible thanks to support from China, the King Salman Relief Center, the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund, the World Bank and the Yemen Humanitarian Pooled Fund.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)