#VilenceAgainstWomen; #vulnerabilities, #inequalities, DomesticViolence; #ILOConvention190;
New York/Canadian-Media: On International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, actress Mrunal Thakur speaks from the heart to address violence and harassment in the world of work, ILO reports said.
The COVID-19 crisis has exacerbated vulnerabilities, inequalities, and domestic violence. Mrunal stands with the ILO to call on countries to ratify ILO Convention 190 and build a future where everyone is free from violence and harassment. #RatifyC190
Societies have much work to do to end discrimination and prevent violence and harassment everywhere; including the world of work. Incidences of violence, particularly domestic violence, spiked during the COVID-19 crisis. It is a stark reminder of the need for effective action, if we are to build forward better.
In 2019, the International Labour Organization adopted a first of its kind international treaty - Convention 190 that recognizes everyone’s right to a world of work free from violence and harassment. This landmark treaty empowered the movement against violence and harassment in all its forms.
We all know that violence and harassment causes deep human suffering, disrupts businesses and tears at the social fabric. We know it should have no place, anywhere. And, no one… absolutely no one … should ever have to live in fear of violence and harassment at work, at home, or on the way to work.
Convention 190 is a compass that can guide countries to usher in a world of work based on dignity and respect for all. Countries that choose to ratify this path-breaking international treaty choose freedom from violence and harassment.
#UN; #EliminateViolenceAgainstWomen; #InternatioanlDay; #GlobalCrisis; #WomenRights
New York/Canadian-Media: In a virtual event to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, commemorated annually on 25 November, UN Women chief Sima Bahous described gender-based violence (GBV) as “a global crisis”.
Image credit: UN Women Tanzania/Deepika Nath
“In all of our own neighborhoods, there are women and girls living in danger. Around the world, conflict, climate-related natural disasters, food insecurity and human rights violations are exacerbating violence against women”, she said.
And according to UN Women, more than 70 percent have experienced GBV in some crisis settings.
Hidden violence In both rich and poor countries alike, gender prejudice has fuelled acts of violence towards women and girls.
The top UN Women official explained that this type of violence “often goes unreported, silenced by stigma, shame, fear of the perpetrators and fear of a justice system that does not work for women”.
Moreover, COVID-19 has triggered a shadow pandemic, which enables unseen violence. She cited an increase in reports on helplines for violence against women and girls (VAWG) in all corners of the world.
Hope on the horizon Despite this, Ms. Bahous said that there is hope and new opportunities are opening.
Last summer, as part of a $40 billion commitment to the women and girls of the world, the Generation Equality Forum launched the Action Coalition on Gender-based Violence to spark collective action, drive investment and deliver concrete results.
“There will be concrete financial and policy commitments, and scaled-up initiatives in critical areas: survivor support services, legal frameworks and more resources for grass-roots organizations”, the UN Women chief assured.
‘Change is possible’
UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, said that “violence against women is not inevitable”.
“The right policies and programs bring results”, including long-term strategies that tackle the root causes of violence, protecting the rights of women and girls, and promoting strong and autonomous women’s rights movements.
The UN has built this model through its partnership with the European Union in the Spotlight Initiative.
Partner countries last year witnessed a 22 per cent increase in prosecution of perpetrators; 84 laws and policies were passed or strengthened; and more than 650,000 women and girls were able to access GBV services – despite pandemic-related restrictions.
“Change is possible, and now is the time to redouble our efforts so that together, we can eliminate violence against women and girls by 2030”, he said.
GBV knows no boundaries
General Assembly President, Abdulla Shahid, said that one characteristic of gender-based violence is that it knows no social or economic boundaries and affects women and girls of all socio-economic backgrounds.
“This issue needs to be addressed in both developing and developed countries”, he argued.
According to the latest global estimates, nearly one-in-three women aged 15 and older have been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate or non-sexual partner or both at least once in their lifetime.
These numbers have remained largely unchanged over the last decade, and do not reflect the impact of COVID-19.
Since the pandemic outbreak however, emerging data has revealed that all types of VAWG, particularly domestic violence, have intensified – with the world unprepared to respond to its rapid escalation.
And this does not include the full continuum of violence, including sexual harassment, violence in digital contexts, harmful practices and sexual exploitation across different contexts and geographic locations.
Since the beginning of the pandemic, feelings of safety have also been eroding among women, significantly impacting their mental and emotional well-being, according to a new report released by UN Women.
Published a day prior to the International Day and kicking off the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, it revealed that across 13 countries, almost half of all women reported that they or a woman they know experienced gender-based violence during the pandemic.
And almost a quarter reported more frequent household conflicts with a similar proportion saying they felt less safe at home.
This year, the UNiTE campaign set “Orange the World: End Violence against Women Now!” as the official theme.
#LibraryOfCongress; #TheWhiteHouse; #Thanksgiving; #4thThursdayInNov
Washington/Canadian-Media: The White House has for long been celebrating Thanksgiving but in addition to giving thanks, the presidency has a long history with the holiday, Library of Congress (LoC) reports said.
Image: The Topeka State Journal (Topeka, KS), November 30, 1899. Image credit: LoC.
Although Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, but prior to 1941, Thanksgiving was observed whenever the President proclaimed it to be as it had no fixed date on the calendar.
A proclamation for the holiday on this day was made for the first time in 1789 by President George Washington, designating Thursday, November 26 “for the People of the United States a day of public thanksgiving.” marking the first national celebration of the holiday under the new Constitution.
Image: “A Proclamation.” Gazette of the United-States (New York, NY), October 7, 1789. Image credit: LoC
Thomas Jefferson declined to make a proclamation in 1801 as he thought that if he supported the holiday, it would mean he was supporting state-sponsored religion since Thanksgiving is rooted in Puritan religious traditions.
At the time, Jefferson’s political foes, the Federalists used his stance on the separation of church and state as a political weapon to try and convince Americans that he was an atheist.
Jefferson addressed Federalist accusations in letters by explaining that he considered declaring fasts or days of thanksgiving to be expressions of religion and that he opposed them because they were remnants of Britain’s reign over the American colonies and he believed in “a wall of separation between Church and State” which made him open to Federalist political attacks.
He later explained he could not endorse such a holiday without conflicting with the First Amendment. He also considered days of thanksgiving the responsibility of the states, not the federal government.
Image: Nogales International (Nogales, AZ), November 25, 1939. Image credit: LoC
Between 1846-1863, influential author and editor of Godey’s Lady’s Book, Sarah Josepha Hale, petitioned Congress and five different presidents (Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, and Lincoln) to create a national annual holiday for Thanksgiving. She finally succeeded when in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a national holiday on the last Thursday in November with his message to the nation to heal its wounds and restore “peace, harmony, tranquility and Union.”
Image: “They Gave us our Thanksgiving Holiday,” The Midland Journal (Rising Sun, MD), November 17, 1933. Image credit: LoC.
Image: Lincoln’s proclamation. Evening Star (Washington, DC), November 26, 1916. Image credit: LoC.
Franklin Roosevelt who became a president in 1933 designated the last Thursday of November for the observation of Thanksgiving. After observing Thanksgiving on the last Thursday of November the level of public outrage led Congress to pass a law (77 H. J. Res. 41) on December 26, 1941, making the fourth Thursday in November a legal holiday, ensuring that all Americans would celebrate a unified Thanksgiving.
Image: “Bill ‘Freezing’ Date of Thanksgiving Signed,” Evening Star (Washington, DC), December 27, 1941. Image credit: LoC
While presiding over the the first live turkey ceremony by the Poultry and Egg National Board in 1947, President Harry S. Truman established the event as an annual tradition at the White House. Originally, presentation birds intended for the Thanksgiving meal and were given to presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1963 to 1967 which had signs around their necks that read “Good Eating Mr. President.”
#TheAmericanStory; #IndigenousPeoples; #AlaskaNativeHeritageMonth;
New York/Canadian-Media: The American story has been shaped by indigenous people, and our knowledge of them is incomplete as indigenous peoples traditionally expressed their stories, histories, and cultures through oral narratives generally shared only among their own people.
Image credit: (Source: Minnesota Historical Society) Harris & Ewing, 1915
American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month observed in the month of November is a tribute to indigenous Americans for their contributions to the United States.
There were 7.1 million American Indians and Alaskans alone or in combination with other racial groups in 2020, representing 574 federally recognized tribes with 324 American Indian reservations in existence today.
In examining indigenous businesses, the 2012 Census indicated that there were 272,919 American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms, up 15.3 percent from 2007. During this time period, in Arizona, Florida, Michigan, and Oklahoma, the number of Native American firms increased by over twenty percent.
Thriving small businesses are owned by the Native Americans in a variety of industries, including art, automotive repair, barbering, beauty, catering, construction, consulting, fashion, jewelry, yoga, and businesses catering to hospitality and tourism. Assistance to Native American-owned businesses is provided by the Small Business Administration (SBA) through opportunities in contracting, business development, and small business incubators. These initiatives enable indigenous people in reshaping and telling their narratives, as these stories being told by others are not well told in our current collections.
#Bangladesh, #BangladeshEastTurkmenistanDay, #ChineseAtrcities
Dhaka/IBNS: Bangladesh observed “East Turkistan Independence Day” across the country on Friday where participants highlighted Chinese atrocities on minorities, predominantly the Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang province.
This is an important day to mark the 77th and 88th anniversary of two short-lived states that existed from 1933-34 and 1944-49, which stand as symbols of the spirit of Uyghur people and their longing for freedom and democracy.
Since the Chinese forceful occupation of East Turkistan (now Xinjiang province) in 1949, human rights situation there has worsened dramatically, culminating in genocide, continuing till today.
Human Rights groups, NGOs, and other organizations organized various programs all across Bangladesh on Nov. 12, accusing China of persecution of Uyghurs.
To mark the Day, Ulemas and Imams held a meeting at the seminar hall of National Press Club, Dhaka under the banner of Bangladesh Social Activist Forum to highlight Chinese persecution of Uyghurs. Speakers voiced their concerns.
A street play, using the unique Uyghur face masks and flags, was held at Shahbag near Dhaka University, castigating China, which was witnessed by many. They also organized a human chain holding banners, posters, in front of National Museum, where people congregated to watch/participate in the human chain.
Separately, a Human Chain and a Bike rally was organised at Khulna near the Chinese Village, to mark the Occasion.
Muktijoddha Mancha separately organized a photo exhibition about the Uyghur genocide at Shahbag, depicting Chinese atrocities vividly.
Many Dhaka University students and passersby watched the exhibitions with interest. Dhaka University campus also witnessed walls painted by creative artists portraying Uyghur persecution.
The districts of Rajshahi, Sylhet and Chittagong were filled with posters and handbills highlighting minorities persecution, where the local populace came out in hundreds to show solidarity with the Uyghur brothers, who are facing constant torture in Xinjiang province.
Swadhinata Sangram Parishad also distributed handbills in various mosques in Dhaka city area, including Baitul Mukarram, after the jumma namaz.
Faithfulls expressed their anger at China’s action and solidarity with Uyghur Muslims of Xinjiang province.
Another Organisation, Uyghur Muslim Samarthak Odhikar Samrakhan Parishad separately organized a large human chain and protested against Chinese high handedness over Uyghurs in Brahmanbaria districts and also distributed handbills to highlight the torture of Uyghur Community to locals.
#InternationalDayPeaceDevelopment; #UN; #ScienceAndPeace
New York/Canadian-Media: The International Week of Science and Peace was first observed during 1986 as part of the observance of the International Year of Peace.
Image credit: Twitter handle of @un_inspira
The organization of events and activities for the week was undertaken as a non-governmental initiative; the secretariat for the International Year of Peace was informed of the preparatory activities and the final summary of events that occurred during the week. The organizers sought to encourage the broadest possible international participation in the observance.
Based on the success of the 1986 observance, the organizers continued their efforts in successive years. In recognition of the value of the annual observance, the General Assembly adopted resolution 43/61 in December 1988, which proclaims the “International Week of Science and Peace”, to take place each year during the week in which 11 November falls. The General Assembly urged Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to encourage relevant institutions, associations and individuals to sponsor events and activities related to the study and dissemination of information on the links between progress in science and technology and maintenance of peace and security; urged Member States to promote international co-operation among scientists and required the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly as its forty-fifth session on the activities and initiatives of Member States and interested organizations in connection with the week.
The annual observance of the International Week of Science and Peace is making an important contribution to the promotion of peace. The Week encourages greater academic exchanges on a subject of universal importance while also generating greater awareness of the relationship of science and peace among the general public.
Based on observances of Science and Peace Week to date, it may be expected that participation each year will increase, contributing to greater international understanding and opportunities for co-operation in the applications of science for the promotion of peace throughout the year.
#Environment; #UN, #WarAndPeace; #UNEP; #UNDP; #EU
UN/Canadian-Media: Though humanity has always counted its war casualties in terms of dead and wounded soldiers and civilians, destroyed cities and livelihoods, the environment has often remained the unpublicized victim of war. Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage.
A Nepalese peacekeeper with the African Union-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) plants a tree outside UNAMID Headquarters in El Fasher, Sudan. Image credit: UN Photo/Albert Gonzalez Farran
Furthermore, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has found that over the last 60 years, at least 40 per cent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or scarce resources such as fertile land and water. Conflicts involving natural resources have also been found to be twice as likely to relapse.
The United Nations attaches great importance to ensuring that action on the environment is part of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding strategies, because there can be no durable peace if the natural resources that sustain livelihoods and ecosystems are destroyed.
On 5 November 2001, the UN General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict (A/RES/56/4).
On 27 May 2016, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted resolution UNEP/EA.2/Res.15, which recognized the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict, and reaffirmed its strong commitment to the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals listed in General Assembly resolution 70/1, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.
EU-UN Partnership on Land and Natural Resource Conflicts
Six United Nations agencies and departments (UNEP, UNDP, UNHABITAT, PBSO, DPA and DESA), coordinated by the UN Framework Team for Preventive Action, have partnered with the European Union (EU) to help countries identify, prevent and transform tensions over natural resource as part of conflict prevention and peacebuilding programs.
Global Research Program on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding and Natural Resources
The Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), and the Universities of Tokyo and McGill initiated a global research program to collect lessons learned and good practices on managing natural resources during post-conflict peacebuilding. This four-year research project has yielded more than 150 peer-reviewed case studies by over 230 scholars, practitioners and decision-makers from 55 countries. This represents the most significant collection to date of experiences, analyses and lessons in managing natural resources to support post-conflict peacebuilding.
UN Partnership on Women and Natural Resources in Peacebuilding Settings
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the United Nations Entity for Gender Equity and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) have established a partnership to collaborate on improving the understanding of the complex relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings, and make the case for pursuing gender equality, women’s empowerment and sustainable natural resource management together in support of peacebuilding. The first outcome of the collaboration is a joint policy report released on 6 November 2013.
#UN; #UNESCO #CrimesAgainstJournalist; #FreedomOfExpression; #TruthNeverDies; #SafeEvironmentsForJournalists
New York/Canadian-Media: "I urge Member States and the international community to stand in solidarity with journalists around the world today and every day, and to demonstrate the political will needed to investigate and prosecute crimes against journalists and media workers with the full force of the law,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said.
A mural painted on a blast wall in downtown Kabul in 2016 commemorates the 35 journalists killed in Afghanistan since 2001. PHOTO:UNAMA / Fardin Waezi
Countering threats of violence and crimes against journalists to protect freedom of expression for all
Ending impunity for crimes against journalists is one of the most pressing issues to guarantee freedom of expression and access to information for all citizens. Between 2006 and 2020, over 1,200 journalists have been killed for reporting the news and bringing information to the public. In nine out of ten cases the killers go unpunished, according to the UNESCO observatory of killed journalists. Impunity leads to more killings and is often a symptom of worsening conflict and the breakdown of law and judicial systems.
While killings are the most extreme form of media censorship, journalists are also subjected to countless threats - ranging from kidnapping, torture and other physical attacks to harassment, particularly in the digital sphere. Threats of violence and attacks against journalists in particular create a climate of fear for media professionals, impeding the free circulation of information, opinions and ideas for all citizens. Women journalists are particularly impacted by threats and attacks, notably by those made online. According to UNESCO’s recent discussion paper, The Chilling: Global trends in online violence against women journalists, 73 percent of the women journalists surveyed said they had been threatened, intimidated and insulted online in connection with their work.
In many cases, threats of violence and attacks against journalists are not properly investigated. This impunity emboldens the perpetrators of the crimes and at the same time has a chilling effect on society, including journalists themselves. UNESCO is concerned that impunity damages whole societies by covering up serious human rights abuses, corruption, and crime. Read and share the stories of killed journalists #TruthNeverDies.
On the other hand, justice systems that vigorously investigate all threats of violence against journalists send a powerful message that society will not tolerate attacks against journalists and against the right to freedom of expression for all.
The 2021 International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists highlights the instrumental role of prosecutorial services, in investigating and prosecuting not only killings but also threats of violence against journalists. This year’s campaign highlights the psychological trauma experienced by journalists, who are victims of threats, and raises awareness of the importance to investigate and prosecute these threats in order to end the impunity for those who attack media professionals.
Commemorations in 2021 will also pave the way for the 10-year anniversary of the UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, to be marked in 2022.
The main event to celebrate the 2021 International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists will be a hybrid format high-level roundtable discussion, organized by Ossigeno per l’informazione and supported by UNESCO, on 3 November 2021 at the Syracuse International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights in Syracuse, Italy. The event will provide a platform for dialogue among prosecutors and journalists on prevention and protection measures to address the safety of journalists, and it will highlight the instrumental role of prosecutorial services in investigating and prosecuting not only killings, but also threats of violence against journalists.
See other events around the world.
The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2 November as the ‘International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists’ in General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/163. The Resolution urged Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date was chosen in commemoration of the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2 November 2013.
This landmark resolution condemns all attacks and violence against journalists and media workers. It also urges Member States to do their utmost to prevent violence against journalists and media workers, to ensure accountability, bring to justice perpetrators of crimes against journalists and media workers, and ensure that victims have access to appropriate remedies. It further calls upon States to promote a safe and enabling environment for journalists to perform their work independently and without undue interference.
#HispanicHeritageMonth; #Season2OfLaBiblioteca; #LatinxCivilRights; #PALABRAArchive
New York/Canadian-Media: The Library of Congress is launching Season 2 of La Biblioteca podcast as part of Hispanic Heritage Month a six-part series titled Exploring Latinx Civil Rights in the United States, which zeros in on seminal civil rights cases and events.
“We the People Defend Dignity,” 2017. Artist: Shepard Fairey. Prints and Photographs Division. Image Courtesy of Shepard Fairey, Obey Giant Art.
Created by Hermán Luis Chávez and María Guadalupe (Lupita) Partida, two Huntington Fellows in the Library’s Hispanic Reading Room, this English-language series derives from A Latinx Resource Guide: Civil Rights Cases and Events in the United States.
Season 2 evolves out of the resource guide, among the most viewed in the Library and speaks with lawyers, community organizers and legislators about Latino cultural identity and history in the United States and offers an overview of 20th and 21st century American court cases, legislation and events that have affected the Hispanic community across the U.S., including Puerto Rico.
“I am excited by the diversity of voices and topics in this season of La Biblioteca. I learned quite a bit, and I know our listeners will come away feeling better informed,” said Suzanne Schadl, chief of the Latin American, Caribbean and European Division.
The first episode centers on Madrigal v. Quilligan, a 1978 federal class action lawsuit filed by 10 Mexican American women against the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center for involuntary or forced sterilization. Although the plaintiffs lost the case in an unpublished decision from a California federal district court, the California Department of Health established new sterilization procedures and bilingual protocols for better informed consent for patients. Hermán and Lupita discuss the case and its impact with lawyer Antonia Hernández, who managed the case while working for Model Cities Center for Law and Justice.
Running through Nov. 2, subsequent weekly podcasts will discuss the fate of Central American immigrants who’ve entered the country illegally and the Temporary Protection Status, an immigration program enacted by Congress in 1990; the “Latinx” identity; Latino voter engagement; Latino student activism, and environmental activism in Puerto Rico. Guests include members of Congress, immigrant advocates, a bilingual journalist and academic experts.
La Biblioteca Podcast launched in 2017 to explore the Library’s collections. The first season, Exploring the PALABRA Archive, featured discussions with academic experts, poets and critics about a selection of recordings from the PALABRA Archive.
In addition to the Season 2 podcast, the Library joins Hispanic Heritage Month celebrations with a release of 50 new recordings from authors featured in the PALABRA Archive, including Mexican writer Elena Poniatowska and Cuban-American author, poet and anthropologist Ruth Behar. There will also be a Zoom webinar on Oct. 11 with Latin American children and young adult authors Angela Burke Kunkel, Aida Salazar and Yamile Saied Méndez.
#2021NationalHispanicHeritageMonth; #LibraryOfCongress; #ExploringLatinxCivilRights;
Washington/Canadian-Media: A line-up of digital releases and events to celebrate Latina/o/x history and culture would be shared this year at the Hispanic Reading Room of the Library of Congress
Our virtual programs or catch events and resources listed on the National Hispanic Heritage Month web portal are as follows:
Season 2 premiere of La Biblioteca Podcast “Exploring Latinx Civil Rights in the United States” Catch a new episode each Tuesday!
Image credit: Library of Congress.
Each Tuesday starting October 5th, listen to a new episode of La Biblioteca podcast season 2. Hispanic Reading Room Huntington Fellows Herman Luis Chavez and María Guadalupe Partida speak with community advocates, scholars, and Congress members about Latinx civil rights in the United States.
Guests include librarian María Daniela Thurber; former HACU intern Bianca Napoleoni; lawyer Antonia Hernandez; advocates Crista Ramos, Daphne Frias, and Myrna Pagan; journalist Paola Ramos; U.S. Congress members Teresa Leger Fernandez and Joaquin Castro, and scholars Carlos Manuel Haro (UCLA), Cecilia Menjívar (UCLA), Marie Cruz Soto (NYU), Ed Morales (Columbia), and Ruth Ellen Wasem (University of Texas).
More Upcoming Events and Digital Releases
Image credit: Library of Congress
To join the Hispanic Reading Room at the Library of Congress and Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs (CLASP) in a virtual celebration of children’s and YA Latin American and Latinx literature, REGISTER HERE
Digital Features and Resources
There would be a release of more research guides related to Hispanic Heritage in the United States. Curators and librarians in the Hispanic Reading Room have also created and published a host of thematic StoryMaps celebrating Hispanic heritage, history, and culture.
One can hear from authors amplifying stories and voices from across Latin American and Latinx communities for young readers. Families, educators, and students to take part in this unique celebration during Hispanic Heritage Month are welcome.
This live virtual program will feature award-winning authors Angela Burke Kunkel (Digging for Words: José Alberto Gutiérrez and the Library He Built), Aida Salazar (Land of the Cranes), and Yamile Saied Méndez (Furia).