Library of Congress launches online collection of Children’s Books to mark 100 years of Children’s Book Week
Washington, Apr 29 (Canadian-Media): A unique online collection of 67 historically significant children’s books published more than 100 years ago has been launched by the Library of Congress (LOC) has launched to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Children’s Book Week (April 29 to May 5, 2019), LOC reports said.
The 100th anniversary of Children’s Book Week will take place all year long with a dedicated week of celebrations, April 29 – May 5, 2019, and another week this fall, November 4-10!
Image credit: Library of Congress
Digital versions both of classic works still read by children today and of lesser-known treasures of Children’s Book Selections have been drawn from the Library’s collections.
The books in this collection from Humpty Dumpty to Little Red Riding Hood, the were published in the United States and England before 1924 and are no longer under copyright, and are free to read and share.
Three central themes are reflected in the selections:
The work of American illustrators such as W.W. Denslow, Peter Newell and Howard Pyle, as well as works by renowned English illustrators Randolph Caldecott, Walter Crane and Kate Greenaway are some of the highlights of the collection.
Featuring the 100th anniversary theme, “Read Now. Read Forever.,” the poster shows children of all ages reaching out to one another and sharing books.
Image Credit: Artwork by Yuyi Morales
#EarthDay; #CleanAirAct, #CleanWaterAct, #EndangeredSpeciesAct; #EarthDayNetwork; #EndPlasticPollution; #protectEndangeredSpecies; #protectEnvironment
Ottawa, Apr 22 (Canadian-Media): Earth Day, now a global event each year and approximately more than 1 billion people in 192 countries now take part in what is the largest civic-focused day of action in the world, media reports said.
The Earth Day 2019. Image credit: Facebook page
Earth Day Network (EDN) organization that leads Earth Day worldwide has chosen the theme of Earth Day 2019 to protect threatened and endangered species.
The first Earth Day on April 22, 1970, activated 20 million Americans from all walks of life and is widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement and creation of landmark Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Endangered Species Act and many other groundbreaking environmental laws.
Twenty years later, Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in more than 190 countries connect Earth Day with protecting God’s greatest creations, humans, biodiversity and the planet that we all live on.
#EnglishLanguageDay; #UN; #celebratemultilingualism
United Nations, Apr 23 (UN/Canadian-Media): English Language Day at the UN is celebrated on 23 April, the date traditionally observed as both the birthday and date of death of William Shakespeare. The Day is the result of a 2010 initiative by the Department of Public Information, establishing language days for each of the Organization's six official languages. The purpose of the UN's language days is to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity as well as to promote equal use of all six official languages throughout the Organization.
#WorldCreativityandInnovationDay; #5- world-changingideas; #SDGs
United Nations, Apr 21 (UN/Canadian-Media): A low-cost, tiny home that provides everything you need. A boat made of recycled plastic and flip-flops. Vaccine-delivery drones… As the planet marks World Creativity and Innovation Day on Sunday, we’ve selected our favorite ideas to light up the way to a better future for all, across several sectors, UN media reports said.
1. Small and sustainable: 'Tiny houses' could be solution to world’s housing problems
UN News/Matt Wells: UN Environment (UNEP) and Yale University's Ecological Living Module; a sustainable tiny house exhibited at UN Headquarters in New York.
They’re small, self-sustaining – and they could revolutionize the way we think about housing around the world, as building materials become scarcer.
Measuring just about 22-square-meters, or some 200-square-feet, a “tiny house” comprised of one room with a loft or pull-out bed, hidden storage, a kitchen and a bathroom, was presented last September to get people thinking about decent, affordable housing that limits the overuse of natural resources and helps the battle against destructive climate change.
The design was created by the UN environment agency and the Center for Ecosystems in Architecture at Yale University in the United States, in collaboration with UN-Habitat.
2. Boat made of recycled plastic and flip-flops inspires fight for cleaner seas along African coast
UN Environment: The FlipFlopi dhow, a 9-metre traditional sailing boat made from 10 tonnes of discarded plastic, will be the first boat of its kind to launch a world expedition on 24 January, 2018.
After completing a historic 500 km journey from the Kenyan island of Lamu to the Tanzanian island of Zanzibar, the world’s first ever traditional “dhow” sailing boat made entirely from recycled plastic, known as the Flipflopi, was created to raise awareness of the need to overcome one of the world’s biggest environmental challenges: plastic pollution.
The Flipflopi Project was co-founded by Kenyan tour operator Ben Morison in 2016, and the ground-breaking dhow was built by master craftsman Ali Skanda, and a team of volunteers, using 10 tonnes of recycled plastic.
The boat gets its name from the 30,000 recycled flip-flops used to decorate its multi-coloured hull.
3. Polyester made from recycled bottles, wardrobe recycling…: solutions to make the fashion industry more sustainable.
UN Photo/Manuel Elias: Models at the UN-hosted event “Fashion and Sustainability: Look Good, Feel Good, Do Good
It takes around 7,500 litres of water to make a single pair of jeans, equivalent to the amount of water the average person drinks over a period of seven years. That’s just one of the many startling facts to emerge from recent environmental research, which show that the cost of staying fashionable is a lot more than just the price tag.
Despite the grim statistics, producers and consumers of fashion are increasingly waking up to the idea that the industry needs to change. A number of companies, including large volume retailers, are integrating sustainability principles into their business strategies. Examples include the global clothing chain H&M, which has a garment collection scheme; jeans manufacturer Guess, which is involved in a wardrobe recycling programme; and outdoor clothing company Patagonia, which produces jackets using polyester from recycled bottles.
4. One small flight for a drone, one ‘big leap’ for global health
UNICEF/Pacific: World’s first drone-delivered vaccine in Vanuatu. The vaccine delivery covered almost 40 kilometers of rugged mountainous terrain from Dillon’s Bay on the west side of the island to the east landing in remote Cook’s Bay.
On a small island in the remote South Pacific, a one-month-old baby was the world’s first child to be given a vaccine delivered by a drone.
The state-of-the-art craft which transported the vaccine, travelled nearly 40 kilometres over rugged mountain terrain, flying from Dillon’s Bay in western Vanuatu to remote Cook’s Bay – a scattered community accessible only on foot or by small boats – where 13 children and 5 pregnant women were inoculated by a nurse.
Henrietta H. Fore, the Executive Director of UNICEF said the tiny aircraft’s flight “is a big leap for global health."
"With the world still struggling to immunize the hardest-to-reach children, drone technologies can be a game changer for bridging that last mile to reach every child,” she explained.
5. UN space-based tool opens new horizons to track land-use on Earth’s surface
USGS/NASA: A NASA satellite image shows a vast alluvial fan blossoming across the landscape between the Kunlun and Altun mountain ranges that form the southern border of the Taklamakan Desert in China.
Satellite-based tracking to chart how land is being used on the Earth’s surface got much easier and more accessible, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), thanks to the launch of a new online portal, developed in collaboration with the United States Space Agency, NASA.
The system – known as Collect Earth Online – is web-based, free of charge, and open to all platforms. It allows users to “systematically inspect” any location on the planet, from glaciers to rainforests, with satellite data.
“This innovation allows the collection of up-to-date data about our environment and its changes in a more efficient and participatory manner, using the local experts that know the landscape and the underlying ecology”, explained Mette Wilki, the head of Policy and Resources at FAO’s Forestry Division.
#TheLibraryof Congress; #LOC; #PreservationWeek; #researchlibrary; #UnitedStates, #U.S.; #UnitedStatesCongress; #preservationbookmarks; #PreservationWeek2019; #Libraryconservators; #NationalReadingMonth; #InstituteofMuseumandLibraryServices; #AmericanLibraryAssociation, #AmericanInstituteforConservation, #SocietyofAmericanArchivists
Washington, Apr 12 (Canadian-Media): Observance of Preservation Week by libraries all across the United States (U.S.) takes place during spring of each year, the Library of Congress (LOC) reports said.
Library of Congress. Image credit: Twitter handle
LOC, the oldest federal cultural institution in the US, is the research library officially serving the United States Congress and is the national library of the U.S.
Observance of Preservation Week by libraries all across US was initiated by LOC, Institute of Museum and Library Services, American Library Association, American Institute for Conservation, Society of American Archivists, and others how we can, individually and together, preserve our personal and shared collections.
During Preservation Week (usually the last week of April), visitors to the Library can pick up preservation bookmarks at the Library's visitor information desks.
Basic preservation information to raise awareness of preservation issues for both family heirlooms and for our communal cultural heritage and practical advice for caring for personal collections is offered by LOC by providing free public programs.
Most of the programs -- varied to cover different types of materials, such as books, paper, photographs, and digital files -- occur during Preservation Week (annually, in the springtime) and during the Library's National Book Festival (annually, at the end of summer).
TheInternationalLabourOrganization; #ILO; #AntónioGuterres; #universalandlastingpeace
United Nations, Apr 11 (Canadian-Media): The International Labour Organization (ILO) has been “a trusted voice” to “ensure social justice in every corner of our world”, Secretary-General António Guterres said on Wednesday, at a high-level meeting to commemorate the centenary of what was the first ever United Nations (UN) agency, UN media reports said.
The ILO was born out of the rubble of the First World War, as the victors met to draw up the Treaty of Versailles, where they affirmed the need for social justice in the service of a “universal and lasting peace”.
The UN chief painted a picture of a time of upheaval, when newly-emboldened labour unions in many parts of the world, demanded fair treatment, dignity at work, adequate wages and an eight-hour working day.
“The nations of the world knew they must cooperate to make it happen”, Mr. Guterres said, adding that despite being the oldest UN family member, “ILO remains to this day one of the most unique gathering spaces in the international system”, as well as “a source of strength and legitimacy”, where workers, employers and governments can seek solutions through dialogue.
“Through conflict and peace, democracy and dictatorship, decolonization and the Cold War, globalization and turbulence”, Mr. Guterres said that ILO has had its “finger on the pulse on people’s concerns”, and “played a central role in the struggle for social progress”.
Noting that now is “a time of profound uncertainty, disruption and technological transformation”, Mr. Guterres warned that “tremendous” labour market disruption lies ahead.
“Even the concept of work will change – and the relationship between work, leisure and other occupations” he continued. “We are not yet prepared for that”.
Since the digital economy operates in a world without borders, he stressed that “more than ever”, international institutions “must play a vital role in shaping the future of work we want”.
“Let us make the most of this pivotal anniversary to renew our collective commitment to international cooperation, peace and social justice”, concluded the Secretary-General.
ILO’s ‘transformative impact’ on society
General Assembly President María Fernanda Espinosa commended ILO for its many “firsts”, including “the need to give workers a stake in decision-making that matches their essential contribution to lasting peace and prosperity”.
Workers of PT Toshiba Consumer Products Ind. assembling and manufacturing of electronic goods, such as television sets. Cikarang, Bekasi. Indonesia. (file), by ILO/A. Mirza“So, it is fitting that the General Assembly – the most representative body of the United Nations – celebrates the transformative impact of the ILO on the fabric of our societies, and on our daily lives” she said.
Citing decent work as one of her own priorities, she affirmed that it makes the UN “more relevant to people”, by demonstrating the “everyday impact of international agreements like the 2030 Agenda, and multilateral bodies like the ILO”.
Acknowledging ILO’s more than 180 conventions and implementation programmes “on everything from gender equality to forced labour”, she lamented that “injustice is still a reality for millions of people”, higlighting the predicament of child workers, forced labourers and those trafficked into prostitution.
“Over 40 million people today are victims of modern forms of slavery – more than twice the number involved in the transatlantic slave trade”, she said, commenting that 190 million people are unemployed; 300 million are working poor; and some two billion are engaged in informal work, “often without social protections”.
‘A time to reflect’ on ILO
Dubbing ILO “the most positive and enduring product of the Treaty of Versailles”, the Organization’s Director-General Guy Ryder called it “the first step in the construction of the multilateral system, and a forebearer of today's United Nations”.
ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder, addresses guests at a luncheon for ILO's 100 year anniversary., by UN Photo/Evan Schneider“It was empowered to negotiate and supervise the global rules of labour and to do so by the joint action of governments, workers and employers” he explained.
“ILO's journey has not always been a straight path” he admitted. “From the outset the Organization has been tested by the turbulence of history and the economic and social realities of its times”.
“More than a cause of celebration, the Centenary that we commemorate today is a time to reflect on our purpose, and on the course we chart for the future”, he stated.
Noting “great uncertainty” surrounding multilateralism and “widespread disillusion” regarding social and economic progress, he said that “many citizens doubt the capacity of the leaders and institutions” to respond to their needs.
Mr. Ryder saw the first 100 years as “a prelude to the future we construct together now”, urging everyone to “set about that task with the same courage and urgency, and moved by the same sentiments of social justice and humanity which first gave life to the ILO”.
“History tells us what we can achieve”, he said. “But it also tells us what the cost of our failures would be”.
As part of the commemoration, a 24-hour marathon of events from Fiji to Philadelphia, is planned across the globe.
#WorldHealthDay; #PanAmericanHealthOrganization; #PAHO; #Mexico; #universalhealth; #WorldHealthOrganization; #WHO; #DrCarissaFEtienne; #primaryhealthcare; #PHC; #HealthForAll; #AndrésManuelLópezObrador; #DrJamesFitzgerald; #NéstorMéndez; #MichelleBachelet; #UnitedNationsGeneralAssembly
Washington, DC, Apr 5 (Canadian-Media): World Health Day 2019 would be observed on Apr 7 and promotes Universal Health Everyone, Everywhere, media reports said.
On April 9, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) will present a report in Mexico with recommendations on achieving universal health.
This year’s campaign calls for all people to receive integrated, quality health care at the heart of the community.
Millions of people in the world still lack access to health care and many are forced to choose between spending on health and other daily expenses. It is estimated that in the Americas around one third of the population lacks access to health care. In the framework of World Health Day, PAHO is calling for equitable access to comprehensive and quality health care.
“Our main objective is that all people, no matter where they live, can access health care without restrictions and without serious financial difficulties,” said the Director of PAHO and Regional Director for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Carissa F. Etienne.
Access and universal health coverage is the theme of World Health Day, which is celebrated on 7 April each year in commemoration of the founding of WHO. The campaign slogan is “Universal Health: everyone, everywhere. This year focuses on primary health care (PHC), equity and solidarity.
The countries of the Region have made important progress in health, which is reflected in the 16-year increase in life expectancy over the past 45 years, as well as in a reduction in infant mortality. However, challenges still remain as these gains have not been equitable. On April 9 and 10 in Mexico, PAHO will present the report Report of the High-Level Commission ¨Universal Health in the 21st Century: 40 Years of Alma-Ata¨.
The report will provide recommendations on expanding access and health coverage in the region by 2030, without leaving anyone behind. The presentation of the report will be led by the President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador; the Director of PAHO; the Assistant Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) and President of the Commission, Néstor Méndez; and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet. In celebration of World Health Day, PAHO/WHO also invited countries to create chains of human solidarity in order to show their commitment to universal health, and to share the photos of these on social media using the #HealthForAll hashtag.
People-centered care Primary health care (PHC) is the foundation for achieving universal health. It is an approach that involves integrated, quality health services that focus on promotion, prevention, treatment, cure and rehabilitation. PHC puts care at the heart of the community and is not limited to the first level of care, nor to a limited package of health services. “We need transformative primary care within an integrated, efficient, organized health system, with interdisciplinary health teams that work in networks that include basic and specialist levels, and where the individual is at the center of kind, respectful and quality care,” said Dr. Etienne.
PAHO also advocates for all people have access to education, food, housing, financial protection, safe drinking water, safe environments and other determinants of good health that fall outside the health sector itself. Solidarity and equity This year’s World Health Day campaign also focuses on solidarity and equity, core values of universal health. These values emphasize the need for society as a whole to contribute to the promotion of health for all people, particularly the most disadvantaged. They also emphasize the need for decision makers to focus policies and programs on the provision of quality services that ensure access to health for these populations, without leaving anyone behind. “Health care expenses are a major barrier to access for people in poverty and discourage many from seeking care, putting their lives at risk,” said the Director of the Department of Health Systems and Services at PAHO, Dr. James Fitzgerald.
In most countries in the Region, the levels of out-of-pocket spending on health account for over 25% of total household expenditure, a figure that puts people at risk of facing catastrophic expenses, an issue which PAHO recommends that countries tackle. Dr. Fitzgerald also emphasized that impoverishing health expenditure threatens the achievement of the United Nations’ universal health and poverty elimination goals by 2030. Achieving universal health requires the transformation of health systems, a sufficient number of trained, well-distributed health professions, and the availability of affordable medicines and technologies.
Currently, 800,000 additional health workers are required to meet the needs of health systems in the Region. The high cost of medicines, as well as the growing number of people with chronic illness that require life-long medicines, are also a risk to the sustainability of health systems. Increasing public investment in health Greater and more efficient investment in health is also required in order to achieve universal health and is fundamental for the development of countries. In 2014, the Ministers of Health of the Americas adopted the Strategy for Universal Access to Health and Universal Health Coverage in PAHO. Since then, PAHO/WHO has provided technical cooperation to help countries improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their health systems, and to increase public investment in health to at least 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the minimum level agreed in the strategy. Currently, average investment in health in countries of the Americas stands at 4.2% of GDP.
In countries where investment in health is 6% or more of GDP, coverage is better and universal health is closer to being achieved. A PAHO report shows that increasing public revenues for health can be obtained through higher taxes overall, as well as higher taxes on harmful products such as tobacco and alcohol. It can also be achieved through reforms to improve the collection and administration of taxes, as well as through measures to control corruption, something that requires both political will and social consensus. World Health Day 2019 takes place at the halfway point between the World Conference on Primary Health Care in Astana (Kazakhstan), and the High-level Meeting on Universal Health Coverage, to be held in the United Nations General Assembly in September 2019.