#UN; #InternationalDayofTropic; #Boodiversity
Geneva, Jun 28 (Canadian-Media): The International Day of the Tropics celebrates the extraordinary diversity of the tropics while highlighting unique challenges and opportunities nations of the Tropics face, UN reports said.
The Tropics account for 40 per cent of the world’s total surface area and are host to approximately 80 per cent of the world’s biodiversity and much of its language and cultural diversity. Image credit: Photo: FAO/IPPC
It provides an opportunity to take stock of progress across the tropics, to share tropical stories and expertise and to acknowledge the diversity and potential of the region.
The Tropics are a region of the Earth, roughly defined as the area between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Although topography and other factors contribute to climatic variation, tropical locations are typically warm and experience little seasonal change in day-to-day temperature. An important feature of the Tropics is the prevalence of rain in the moist inner regions near the equator, and that the seasonality of rainfall increases with the distance from the equator. The tropical region faces several challenges such as climate change, deforestation, logging, urbanisation and demographic changes.
The Human System
Tropical nations have made significant progress but face a variety of challenges that demand focused attention across a range of development indicators and data in order to achieve sustainable development.
The inaugural State of the Tropics Report was launched on 29 June 2014, as the culmination of a collaboration between twelve leading tropical research institutions. The report offers a unique perspective on this increasingly important region. Marking the anniversary of the report’s launch the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/267 in 2016, which declared that 29 June of each year is to be observed as the International Day of the Tropics.
The international Day of the Tropics was designated to raise awareness to the specific challenges faced by tropical areas, the far-reaching implications of the issues affecting the world’s tropical zone and the need, at all levels, to raise awareness and to underline the important role that countries in the tropics will play in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
Did you know?
#UN; #UNCharter; #InternationalPeace
Geneva, Jun 26 (Canadian-Media): The UN Charter “brought rules and hope to a world in ruins”, Secretary-General António Guterres told a virtual ceremony on Friday, commemorating 75 years since the Organization’s foundational text was signed, UN reports said.
The UN Charter being signed by a delegation at a ceremony held at the Veterans’ War Memorial Building on 26 June 1945. Image credit: UN Photo/Yould
Adopted by Member States as the Second World War was coming to a close, the UN chief noted that the world today was marking the milestone anniversary “as global pressures are spiraling up”.
The Charter was signed in San Francisco on 26 June 1945 and came into force on 24 October 1945.
Conceived above all as a means to save future generations from the scourge of war, the Charter calls for the Organization to maintain international peace and security; promote social progress and better standards of life; strengthen international law; and promote human rights.
“The Charter’s vision stands the test of time and its values will continue to carry us forward”, said the UN chief. “It remains our touchstone for a world mired in a pandemic, torn by discrimination, endangered by climate change and scarred by poverty, inequality and war”.
Against a backdrop of a global reckoning with racism, environmental degradation, increasing cyberattacks, nuclear proliferation, corruption and pushback on basic human rights, he noted that back in 1945, the delegates in San Francisco – who had also lived through a global pandemic, depression and war – “seized their opportunity to plant the seeds of something better and new”.
“Today, we must do the same”, said the top UN official. “To achieve that watershed moment, we need to reimagine multilateralism, give it teeth to function as the founders intended, and ensure that effective global governance is a reality when it is needed”.
And inclusive multilateralism today also requires the “essential voices” of civil society, cities, the private sector and young people to shape the world we want.
Drawing inspiration Yet there is also “much to encourage us and drive us onward”, he said, such as the general level of solidarity shown in responding to the pandemic, the embracing of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the recent activism of racial justice protesters and others, towards advancing equality, climate action, and a green economy.
Paying tribute to the service and sacrifice of peacekeepers, staff and others who gave their lives advancing UN values, Mr. Guterres said: “I am inspired by so much that has been built and achieved across 75 years”.
“Now is the time to persevere, press ahead, pursue our goals, show responsibility for our world, and take care of each other…It is up to us to rise to the test of this pivotal moment for our future”.
Imagining a better world
The penholders of the Charter “dared to imagine a better world defined by peace and equality”, General Assembly President Tijjani Muhammad-Bande told the commemoration.
“As we work towards the future we want, and the UN we need, we must be results-focused”, he asserted. “Now more than ever, we need a strong UN development system and effective collaboration between the UN and international financial institutions”.
In pursuit of inclusive multilateralism, the Assembly president maintained that we must continue to create space for civil society and “ensure the full participation of voices that have gone unheard for too long”, such as women, youth, indigenous persons and people with disabilities.
“This is a moment of reckoning for our shared planet and shared future. This is a time for action, ambition and partnership”, he spelled out.
In closing Mr. Muhammad-Bande pointed out that three-quarters of a century ago, sceptics doubted the resolve of UN Members States, saying, “cynicism did not prevail then, nor will it now.
“‘We the peoples’ remain nations, united guided by the principles of our Charter”, he upheld.
Stay engaged, unifiedMona Juul, President of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) pledged “to continue engaging… to ensure that ECOSOC remains as relevant today and in the future, as it was when first envisioned in the Charter 75 years ago”.
“Today” she said, “the world is shifting beneath our feet”, calling the COVID-19 pandemic “a wake-up call for us to strengthen international collaboration”.
“75 years ago today, the UN Charter was signed in San Francisco”, the chief for UN Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo said. “A declaration of unity of purpose after the ravages of the Second World War, it set out our mission: ‘to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war’ [and] guides us to this day”.
#US; WorldRefugeeDay; #UNHCR
United States, Jun 20 (Canadian-Media): UD Department of State released the following statement on the occasion of World Refugee Day:
World Refugee Day is an opportunity to recognize the courage and the struggles of millions of refugees who have fled their homes due to persecution and conflict. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the number of those forcibly displaced worldwide rose to nearly 80 million in 2019. The United States reaffirms its commitment to achieving the best humanitarian outcomes for the millions of displaced people around the world. To this end, the U.S. National Security Strategy directs us to continue to lead the world in humanitarian assistance and to support displaced people as close to their homes as possible to help meet their needs until they can safely and voluntarily return home.
This year marks the 40th anniversary of the 1980 Refugee Act, which established the Office of the U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs that evolved into the Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. The Refugee Act was the first comprehensive piece of U.S. legislation designed to address the realities of modern refugees by providing flexible mechanisms to address rapidly shifting refugee situations.
From Venezuela to Syria and Afghanistan, to South Sudan and Burma, the United States is a catalyst for international humanitarian crisis response. It is essential for the international community to work together to be effective in addressing the crises that drive displacement and lead to dire situations. This starts with the responsibility of the governments involved and their regional partners to take steps to end conflict quickly and to create safe conditions for their people. By focusing on ending conflicts and by providing assistance to prevent further displacement, we can help mitigate the destabilizing effects displacement has on affected countries and their neighbors.
The United States is the largest single donor of humanitarian assistance worldwide, continuing a tradition of generosity. In Fiscal Year 2019, the United States provided more than $9.5 billion, and over the past decade we have provided nearly $70 billion in humanitarian assistance. This assistance reaches tens of millions of displaced and crisis-affected people worldwide, providing urgent, life-saving support and services, including food, shelter, health care, education, and access to safe drinking water. U.S. support for host countries, provided through contributions to humanitarian organizations, encourages them to continue providing shelter and increasing access to work, education, and public services for those fleeing persecution.
But the United States cannot address these needs alone. We work tirelessly to encourage our partners and allies to share the burden and to ensure limited resources are used in a coordinated and effective manner toward sustainable solutions. Our calls for greater resources from the broadest possible group of donors, including governments and the private sector, are essential to address these urgent and growing needs. We applaud those who are making critical contributions to support refugees throughout the world. We will continue to work with international organizations, donor countries, non-governmental organizations, and refugee-hosting countries to find sustainable solutions to displacement while we simultaneously seek lasting political solutions to the conflicts that drive it.
#WorldElderAbuseAwarenessDay; #UNInternationalDay; #Canada
Ottawa, Jun 15 (Canadian-Media): Observance of June 15 as the World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (WEAAD) around the world was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 2011 as an official United Nations International Day acknowledging the significance of elder abuse as a public health and human rights issue, media reports said.
On June 15 Deb Schulte, Canada's Minister of Seniors, issued the following statement:
“On June 15, we mark World Elder Abuse Awareness Day to recognize and raise awareness about the effects of abuse on older persons. Seniors are too often victims of not only physical and sexual abuse, but also neglect, psychological or financial abuse, often perpetrated by a person of trust.
Deb Schulte. Image credit: Twitter handle.
This year’s theme for World Elder Abuse Awareness Day, “Uproot Elder Abuse, Plant a Seed for Change”, encourages change one seed at a time. On this day, let’s take the time to reflect on how we can plant the seeds of change, take action, make a difference in our communities, and let seniors know that they are not alone.
Raising awareness and recognizing the signs of elder abuse are the first steps to preventing and ending abuse. Signs include: fear, anxiety or depression in relation to a family member, friend or care provider; unexplained physical injuries; poor nutrition or hygiene; improper use of medication; sudden drop in cash flow or sudden changes to legal documents.
Physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic has put seniors at an increased risk of abuse, since so many seniors are living in isolation and do not have access to their usual community supports and social connections.
More than ever, we need to check-in on our parents, grandparents, neighbors and friends. I encourage all Canadians to reach out to seniors in their family and friend networks during this challenging time.
To learn more about elder abuse and how you can help stop it, visit Elder abuse awareness.“
Three steps to combat elder abuse are: Learning What is elder abuse? Staying informed and knowing your rights can help you protect yourself; Learn the signs and symptoms and identify if you or a senior you know under elder abuse or neglect; In case of any form of elder abuse, ask for help. Find resources in your province or territory.
Multiple WEAAD activities across the country are being planned for Elder Abuse networks and organizations to mobilize community action and get people to engage in discussions on how to promote dignity and respect of older adults.
Although the occurrence of elderly abuse occurs too often, it remains a largely hidden problem. Due to the rapidly aging populations in many countries, elderly abuse is predicted to increase which can lead to serious physical injuries and long-term psychological effects, use of emergency services, hospitalization, and death.
Prevention and response strategies include recognition of elder abuse through professional awareness campaigns; provide caregiver support to reduce stress; residential care policies to define and improve standards of care.
Between 2019 and 2030, the number of persons aged 60 years or over is estimated to grow by 38 percent from 1 billion to 1.4 billion, globally outnumbering youth.
This increase would be experienced most rapidly in the developing world and recognizes greater attention to the specific challenges affecting older persons, including in the field of human rights.
Elder abuse is a problem that exists in both developing and developed countries yet is typically underreported globally.
Recognition, detection, and addressing elder abuse needs to be considered culturally keeping in mind culturally specific risk factors.
#WorldOceansDay; ##Covid19; #innovation
Ottawa, June 8 (Canadian-Media): Bernadette Jordan, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard released the following statement on World Oceans Day.
World Oceans Day. Image credit: Twitter handle
"As we mark World Oceans Day, I am struck by the strength of Canadians. This pandemic has highlighted that Canadians do not give up – and neither will we. While staying safe, Canadians from coast to coast to coast are continuing to do the important work that our country needs to keep our oceans economy healthy and strong. Together we are here for Canada – we are determined, collaborating, and innovating during COVID-19.
We are determined. We have harvesters, producers and processors who are working hard, under unusual circumstances to bring healthy food to Canadian tables. Our researchers continue to carry out critical services and provide scientific advice to support decisions that help ensure our ecosystems are sustainable for the benefit of all Canadians. The women and men of the Canadian Coast Guard are ensuring ships can continue to move goods and supplies that support communities and the economy, and helping keep all mariners safe. Together we are paving the road for the sustainable use of our oceans that supports economic growth now and generations to come.
We are collaborative. We are working together to ensure the long term economic livelihood of our fisheries during this pandemic, and with targeted supports like the Canadian Seafood Stabilization Fund, the Fish Harvester Benefit and the Fish Harvester Grant, the women and men who provide us with healthy fish and seafood can continue to do so safely. It is through constant communication with coastal and Indigenous communities, fish harvesters, aquaculture producers, and seafood processors that we can understand what they need to stay safe and strong.
We are innovative. Together with communities, provincial and territorial partners, industry and Indigenous peoples, the best ideas are brought forward. As we conduct science, help protect endangered species, work to safeguard our oceans and prevent pollution, all while facing a pandemic, we are strengthening our relationships with Canadians whose livelihoods depend on our oceans, and all those who want to ensure its long term sustainability. We are proud to support and leverage the incredible innovations that Canadians have developed through the Multi-Partner Research Initiative, Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk, and Gear Innovation Summit, just to name a few. Even though we can’t do it face to face, we are finding ways to connect and will continue to do so for our future- it is when we work together that we can meet the needs of all Canadians. I invite you to visit our website to learn more about what we have accomplished together.
When times are difficult, let’s take a moment to be grateful for all we have in Canada, and how lucky we are to have three oceans that provide us with incredible beauty, healthy food and meaningful jobs. The Government of Canada’s number one focus right now is supporting Canadians through the immediate impacts of COVID-19. But this does not mean that we can neglect the sustainability of our oceans. We remain committed to our plan to protect 25 per cent of our oceans by 2025, which will help preserve our natural legacy for generations.
This year’s theme for World Oceans Day is innovation. I am proud, as the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, to celebrate all the incredible, innovative work that our fish harvesters, industry, Indigenous peoples, researchers, communities, and public servants do every day. I celebrate that even though we are apart, we continue to work together for a stronger more sustainable Canada."
#Canada; #CanadaPM; #JustinTrudeau; #DDay; #BattleOfNormandy; #Covid19Pandemic
Ottawa, Jun 6 (Canadian-Media): The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, issued the following statement today on the 76th anniversary of D-Day and the Battle of Normandy.
Justin Trudeau. Image credit: Official site
Battle of Normandy. Image credit: Twitter Handle
“Today, on the 76th anniversary of D-Day and the Battle of Normandy, we remember and honour the brave Canadians and Newfoundlanders who fought, and those who gave their lives, alongside Allied forces in a battle that became a turning point in the Second World War and changed the course of history.
“On June 6, 1944, over 14,000 Canadians stormed Juno Beach, as part of the largest combined sea, air, and land military operation in history. Together with Allies, Canadian soldiers broke through German defences on the beaches of Normandy and opened up a new Western Front in Europe.
“In breaching the Atlantic Wall, the Allies overcame difficult odds and achieved a critical victory. But the two-and-a-half months of fighting in Normandy that followed came at a terrible cost to Canada. More than 5,000 were killed and another 13,000 Canadian troops were wounded, some of whom suffered permanent and life-changing injuries.
“The bravery and selflessness demonstrated by Canadians on that day in Normandy, and throughout the war, remind us of the incredible cost of defending freedom, human rights, and democracy. We must remember them, and the more than one million Canadians who served during the Second World War.
“As the global COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to move this year’s commemorative ceremonies online, I invite all Canadians to pay tribute to the courage and sacrifice of those who fought in the D-Day landings and the Battle of Normandy. It is our solemn responsibility to remember those who served and sacrificed. They gave everything so that we can enjoy the peace and freedom that we hold so dear today.
“Lest we forget.”