#ILO; #GenderEqulity; #Covid19; #Employment; #UNWomen
International Labour Organization, A (ILO) Aug 23 (Canadian-Media): The pandemic is disproportionately affecting women workers. Governments should prioritize policies that offset the effects the COVID-19 crisis is having on their jobs, ILO reports said.
ILO. Image credit: Twitter Handle
"I am a feminist economist. My job is to examine how the inequalities between women and men are part and parcel of the functioning of labour markets, and to assist our constituents in implementing what we call “gender-responsive” employment policies – i.e., macroeconomic, sectoral and labour market policies that explicitly contribute to gender equality." said Valeria Esquivel, ILO Senior Employment Policies and Gender Officer.
Prior to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis large numbers of women were excluded from the labour market. The pandemic has made things much worse.
It is disproportionately affecting women workers who are losing their jobs at a greater speed than men. More women than men work in sectors that have been hard hit by the economic fallout from the pandemic, such as tourism, hospitality and the garment sector. Large numbers of domestic workers, most of whom are women, are also at risk of losing their jobs. The vast majority of health workers are women, which raises the risk of them catching the virus.
Moreover, the fragility of their employment situation, coupled with reduced access to labour and social protection have meant that women have found they are particularly vulnerable to the pandemic, even in sectors which, until now, have experienced less disruption.
One of the ideas at the core of feminist economics is that the unpaid care work that takes place in households and families to support everyday life is a vital part of the economic system. This type of work is primarily carried out by women and most of the time is not recognized as such. School closures and caring for those who become sick, has forced women lucky enough to remain in employment to cut down on paid working hours or to extend total working hours (paid and unpaid) to unsustainable levels.
Here are five ways to ensure that women’s job prospects are not damaged long-term by the COVID-19 crisis:
#IndiaSupremeCourt, #HinduSuccessionAmendmentAct, #InheritProperty, #Daughters,
New Delhi (India), Aug 12 (Canadian Media): India's the Supreme Court, in a major judgement, Tuesday ruled daughters of a joint Hindu family have equal rights to inherit paternal properties even if the coparcener died before the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, came into effect, media reports said.
India Supreme Court. Image credit: Twitter handle
A coparcener is a person who acquires a right in the ancestral property by birth as well as a person who has a right to demand partition in the Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) property.
The verdict was passed by a three-judge bench, headed by Justice Arun Mishra while hearing a batch of pleas questioning whether the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, had a retrospective effect.
Equal rights to daughters were given in inheriting the ancestral properties in the concerned Act.
"Daughters must be given equal rights as sons, Daughter remains a loving daughter throughout life. The daughter shall remain a coparcener throughout life, irrespective of whether her father is alive or not," Justice Mishra said as quoted by Livelaw.
The amendment to the Act is applicable, said the top court bench, to the living daughters of living coparceners as of Sept 9, 2005, Times Now reported.
#UN; #GenderIssues; #WomenJournalists; #Covid19; #HumanRights
New York, Jul 9 (Canadian-Media): Women journalists face particular dangers while going about their work, an independent UN expert told the UN Human Rights Council on Wednesday, saying that Governments should do more to protect them.
Radio Miraya host, Irene Lasu, works out of the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). (file). Image credit: UNMISS/Isaac Billy
In an appeal to Member States, Dubravka Simonovic, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, said that action was needed now, to combat an “emerging fundamentalist discourse” and a “global backlash against women’s rights”.
She also called on Governments to keep women journalists safe by “fully implementing human rights instruments that are specifically aimed at eliminating discrimination against women and gender-based violence”.
Highlighting additional threats of violence against women during the COVID-19 crisis, the UN-appointed expert also urged all countries to support a UN-led strategy to combat and prevent such gender-based abuse.
“Women have a right to be safe in their own homes,” she said. “Any measures to combat the pandemic must respect human rights and take into account the needs of women in line with the UN Secretary-General’s appeal for ‘Peace at home’”, she said.
While rights’ movements, such as #MeToo and #NiUnaMenos, have highlighted sexual harassment and other forms of gender-based violence as well as offered a platform for women journalists to speak up against abuse, many are still reluctant to do so, according to the Special Rapporteur.
She highlighted that since 1992, 96 women journalists have been killed while doing their jobs, and although more male journalists have died, female reporters are subject in particular to gender-based violence.
This includes “sexual assault and rape, and particularly the threat of rape…to undermine their credibility and discourage them from working”, Ms. Simonovic explained.
Moreover, digital spaces are double-edged swords for women, expanding harassment to cyberspace.
Although they are transforming and reshaping society, they also enable new forms of online violence.
“Women journalists have become increasingly targeted as visible and outspoken representatives of women’s rights”, said Ms. Šimonović.
“Journalists face even higher levels of discrimination if they are not only women, but also indigenous, from a minority, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or intersex.”
She cited a 2019 study across dozens of newsrooms in five countries that indicated that women and minority journalists were not only more often targeted online, but that the attacks they experienced were particularly malicious and often highly sexualized.
Condemning “alarming increases” in gender-based violence against women, Ms. Simonovic also pointed to a survey by The Guardian Media Group in the UK that published millions of comments on its website, in which eight of the 10 most abused writers were women.
Much work ahead
Women journalists have become increasingly targeted as visible and outspoken representatives of women’s right -- UN expert
Despite some progress, the UN independent envoy maintained that “much remains to be done”, to stem the “alarming increases in gender-based violence against women around the world, including women journalists, during the Covid-19 pandemic”.
She renewed her call to all countries to “support the elaboration of a UN system-wide coordinated approach or strategy to combat and prevent violence against women and a global implementation plan on violence against women”.
Special Rapporteurs are appointed by the Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a specific human rights theme or a country situation. The positions are honorary and the experts are not UN staff, nor are they paid for their work.
#ILO; #UNWomen; #EuropeanUnion; G7Nations; #genderEquality; #Covid19Pandemic
Geneva, May 18 (Canadian-Media): The International Labour Organization (ILO), UN Women and the European Union have called on G7 nations to put in place measures to promote gender equality amid the COVID-19 crisis .
ILO. Image credit: Twitter Handle
At a virtual high-level meeting on COVID-19, bringing together government ministers, CEOs, business associations, trade unions, civil society, global women’s movements and academia from G7 countries, participants agreed that women’s economic empowerment should be part of the crisis response.
The pandemic has deepened pre-existing inequalities and exposed cracks in social, political and economic systems including access to health services and social protection. Women with care responsibilities, informal workers, low-income families, and youth are under particular pressure. Since the crisis began, there has been a significant rise in domestic violence.
They called on G7 nations to:
Ryder called for a ‘human-centred’ COVID-19 response and recovery that tackle these injustices and build a ‘better normal ’.
UN Women Executive Director, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka said that the pandemic “has caused a crisis reaching far beyond health, challenging fundamental aspects of the ways in which we have previously arranged our social and economic structures. Women earn less, save less, hold less secure jobs, and are more likely to be employed in the informal economy, with less access to social protections. I call on leaders at the virtual G7 Summit to explicitly recognize this and ensure that their COVID-19 response intentionally, strongly and permanently redresses these long-standing inequalities in order to create inclusive, equal, and more resilient societies.”
Hilde Hardeman, Head of the European Commission's Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI), said: “We can say that the COVID-19 crisis is gender biased looking at its impact on women-owned businesses, on the burden women are facing during the crisis, at the increase of gender based violence, but the COVID crisis is also an opportunity to rebuild back better. Our efforts should now concentrate on putting women at the centre of the recovery.”
#India'sSupremeCourt; #WomenRights; #GenderIssues; #IndianArmy
New Delhi (India), Feb 17 (Canadian-Media): Favor of equal rights in the armed forces was ruled by India's Supreme Court on Monday and ordered the Indian government to make women officers to be granted permanent commission and command positions on par with men, media reports said.
India's Supreme Court. Image credit: Twitter
The judgment implies all women to be eligible for the same promotions, ranks, benefits and pensions as their male counterparts, irrespective of their years of service or whether they had retired.
"This change will lift up women -- not just in the army but all girls across the country and the world," said Lt. Col. Seema Singh to reporters after the court ruling.
Although the court's ruling does not permit women to serve in army combat units, like the infantry or artillery corps, they are now eligible to command entire battalions or head the intelligence department.
It was agreed by the Indian government last year that permanent commissions would only be given to female officers who had served less than 14 years, which excluded hundreds of women who had already served out their short service commissions.
Aishwary Bhati, one of the lawyers representing female officers, said the government's decision denied women a route to leadership positions: "It is not about money, it is about career prospects."
A powerful defense of equality was delivered by the Supreme Court in its verdict on Monday, saying in the judgment that it was time for change in India's armed forces.
"The time has come for a realization that women officers in the army are not adjuncts to a male dominated establishment whose presence must be 'tolerated' within narrow confines," the court said.
#GenderEquality; #GenderEqualityIndex; 2020BloombergGenderEqualityIndex;
Pittsburgh (United States), Jan. 27: It was announced by the PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (NYSE: PNC), an American bank holding company and financial services corporation based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, that it has been named to the 2020 Bloomberg Gender Equality Index (GEI) for the 4th consecutive appearance on the list, media reports said.
Bloomberg Gender Equality Index. Image credit: Facebook
Bloomberg, the global business and financial information and news leader and delivers data, news and analytics through innovative technology, quickly and accurately. Bloomberg allows customers to efficiently and effectively access, integrate, distribute and manage data and information across organizations.
Bloomberg. Image credit: Facebook
Companies recognized by GEI are committed to transparency in gender reporting and advancing women’s equality. The five pillars across which reference index is measured are: female leadership and talent pipeline, equal pay and gender pay parity, inclusive culture, policies relating to sexual harassment, and pro-women brand.
Inclusion of 325 Public Companies globally has expanded Bloomberg’s 2020 GEI.
More information can be found here.
#Terf; #TransExclusionaryRadicalFeminist; #GenderRecognitionAct
United Kingdom, Dec 19 (Canadian-Media): JK Rowling, author of Harry Potter, had been accused of being a TERF (trans exclusionary radical feminist) after defending a researcher Marya Forstater who was forced out of her jobs for stating that sex is real, offending many fans of Rowling, media reports said.
J K Rowling/Twitter
Many followers and Harry Potter fans criticised the tweet and branded Rowling a ‘TERF’ for her defence of Marya Forstater, who lost a test case after she didn’t have her contract renewed at the Centre for Global Development (CGD).
Forstater had been accused of using offensive and exclusionary language in a number of tweets relating to proposed changes to the Gender Recognition Act, which would allow self-identification.
A former fan, who is trans, wrote: ‘I grew up as a trans child reading your books as an escape. I would often pick out names from characters to give to myself, before I ever felt comfortable in who I was. This decision, to support people that hate me, and want to do me harm. It brings me to tears… Why. Why?’
However, many ‘thank you’ messages were sent to the to the author, with one reply reading: ‘Thank you so much for speaking the truth on behalf of women #adulthumanfemale.’
Policy recommendations to support women cross-border traders in Malawi, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia
#Africa; #InformalCrossBorderTrade; #AricanEconomy; #UNCTAD; #PolicyDecisions
Africa, Dec 6 (Canadian-Media): Informal cross-border trade has been a major feature of African economies since the colonial era. It contributes to job creation, especially for vulnerable groups such as poor women and unemployed youth, and food security through the trade of agricultural products, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) reports said.
Supporting the growth of informal cross border traders’ trade capacity and their gradual integration into formal trade would help boost trade and the private sector, contributing to overall development goals. Informal cross-border trade is characterized by the predominance of female traders.
This is mainly due to women’s limited time, mobility, and access to productive resources and support systems, leaving them with few options and making such trade the main or even only source of livelihood for them.
Despite their critical role in cross-border trade, women often benefit only marginally from their trading activity due to a number of factors, including policy, institutional, cultural, economic, and regulatory issues.
In the framework of its project on Informal cross-border trade for empowerment of women, economic development and regional integration in Eastern and Southern Africa, UNCTAD’s Trade, Gender and Development Programme has developed an analytical report that examines cross-border trade in Malawi, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia, focusing on women traders; three booklets which present key information on existing trade procedures and simplified trade schemes, documentation requirements, rules of origin, taxes and tariffs meant to informal and small-scale cross border traders; and this advocacy document.
The document puts forth policy recommendations and introduces an implementation framework based on the findings of the analytical report.
The aim of the advocacy document is to lay out targeted policy recommendations accompanied with relevant stakeholders for implementation.
The policy framework aims to support the empowerment of women informal (and small-scale) traders and help them formalize and diversify their economic activities in these three countries, promote local ownership of the policy targets and facilitate follow-up.
ransgenderPersons(ProtectionofRights),2019 ; #NewDelhi; #India
New Delhi (India), July 19 (Canadian-Media): Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights), 2019 was introduced today in Lok Sabha, India which enables transgenders to define their identity and rights to prohibit discrimination against them, media reports said.
Union Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot had introduced the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019, which provides for their social, economic and educational empowerment, and will also establish a national council for transgender persons.
The bill will offer greater accountability to the central government, state governments and Union Territories, and all the stakeholders concerning issues of transgender persons for upholding the principles underlying the Bill.
#UnitedNations; #BeijingDeclarationandPlatformforAction; #genderequality; #poverty; #Environment; #decisionMaking; #girlchild
United Nations, May 7 (Canadian-Media/UN): To mark the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, considered the blueprint on women’s rights and empowerment, gender agency United Nations (UN) Women announced on Monday a new multigenerational campaign, titled “Generation Equality: Realizing women’s rights for an equal future”.
In 2020, it will be 25 years since 189 Governments committed to taking bold actions in 12 critical areas of concern regarding gender equality: poverty, education and training, health, violence, armed conflict, economy, power and decision-making, institutional mechanisms, human rights, media, environment, and the girl child.
“Today, the reality is that not a single country can claim to have achieved gender equality. Despite some progress, real change has been too slow for most women and girls in the world, and we see significant pushback in many places against their leadership and agency,” said UN Women Executive Director, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka.
The Generation Equality campaign will bring together several generations of women’s rights activists to galvanize attention and action on key issues including equal pay, equal sharing of unpaid care and domestic work, an end to sexual harassment and all forms of violence against women and girls, health-care services that respond to their needs, and their equal participation in economic and political life and decision-making in all areas of life.