Global Eradication of Malaria program: Wikipedia
#WorldHealthOrganization, #WHO, #MalariaDay, #Dr Margaret Chan, #Dr Pedro Alonso
Toronto, Apr 25 (Canadian-Media): World Malaria Day is being observed today in conjunction with World Immunization Week 24-30 April, media reports said.
World Health Organization (WHO) technological advances in innovative new tools and vaccines, according to a news release, can to a large extent prevent of malaria in the future.
"WHO-recommended tools have made a measurable difference in the global malaria fight," said Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO. "But we need a much bigger push for prevention – especially in Africa, which bears the greatest burden of malaria."
Dr Margaret Chan (Ctre). Image credit of WHO
WHO recommends, in addition to diagnosis and treatment, preventive measures such as insecticide treated nets, spraying insecticides on indoor walls and preventive medicines for the most vulnerable groups such as pregnant women, under-fives and infants.
According to World Malaria Report 2016, between 2010 and 2015 the rate of new malaria cases fell by 21 percent globally but the disease still remains a major public health threat.
429 000 malaria deaths and 212 million new cases were reported in 2015, with death of one child from malaria every 2 minutes.
"Any death from malaria – a preventable and treatable disease – is simply unacceptable. Today we are urging countries and partners to accelerate the pace of action, especially in low-income countries with a high malaria burden," said Dr Pedro Alonso, Director of WHO’s Global Malaria Programme.
Reductions in malaria case incidence and deaths respectively between 2010-2015 reported by WHO are: 100 percent and 100 percent for Europe; 54 percent and 46 percent for South East Asia; 31 percent and 37 percent for Americas; 30 percent and 58 percent for Western Pacific; 21 percent and 31 percent for Africa; 11 percent and 6 percent for Eastern Mediterranean and 21 percent and 29 percent globally.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Image of a baby crying: Wikipedia
#Crybabies, #meta-analysis, #JournalOfPediatrics, #Canada, #Germany, #Denmark, #Japan, #Italy, #U.K., #UniversityOfWarwick, #colicpercentage
Toronto, Apr 4 (Canadian-Media): The findings of a meta-analysis of studies of about 8,700 infants in countries including Canada, Germany, Denmark, Japan, Italy and the United Kingdom (UK) conducted by Researchers at the University of Warwick published in the Journal of Pediatrics, revealed that babies in Canada, Britain, Italy and the Netherlands cry more than babies in other countries, media reports said.
Canadian babies, on average, cried 30 minutes more than babies from other countries, CBCNews reports said.
Part of the reason for this fact is that Canadian babies had some of the highest levels of colic percentage.
Psychology professor Dieter Wolke, lead author of the study, said Canadian parents should not worry.
"I don't want to concern parents in Canada that this is now a particular problem in Canada — which it isn't," he told CBC News.
Least amount of crying and fussing babies were found in Germany, Japan and Denmark.
According to Denmark researchers Denmark had lower crying rates across a number of studies.
Crying patterns in babies worldwide was researched, and the British psychologists have created the world's first universal benchmarks for the normal ranges of crying in babies during their first three months.
"The new chart of normal fuss/cry amounts in babies across industrialized countries will help health professionals to reassure parents whether a baby is crying within the normal, expected range in the first three months or shows excessive crying, which may require further evaluation and extra support for the parents," said the researchers, CBCNews reports said.
For sleep-deprived parents, the Canadian Paediatric Society offers relief, with suggestions on how to help soothe a fussy baby.
Some of these include: checking to see if baby needs a diaper change, a feeding, checking to see if the surroundings are too hot or cold, or the baby is suffering from a fever, playing soft music or making gentle sounds, holding your baby, but making sure some babies do not like being passed from person to person, wrapping baby in a soft blanket, rocking your baby in a gentle, rhythmic motion, going for a ride in the car.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)