#Ebolasituationworsens; #UNHealthAgency; #WorldHealthOrganization; #fundingGap
Democratic Republic of Congo, Apr 30 (Canadian-Media/UN): Strengthening both security and the Ebola response effort is essential to contain the growing outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UN health agency’s officials said on Tuesday, following a visit to the epicentre of what is already the worst outbreak in the country’s history, United Nations (UN) reports said.
Image Credit: WHO/Junior Kannah: WHO delegation in Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the Ebola situation is worsening (April 2019)
Following their visit to Butembo, to express gratitude and show support to staff, in the wake of the recent attack at a treatment centre that killed Doctor Richard Mouzoko and left two others injured, World Health Organization (WHO) chief, Tedros Ghebreyesus and the agency’s Regional Director for Africa, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, reiterated their commitment to “defeat Ebola”.
During the visit, Dr. Moeti and Mr. Tedros assessed the next steps needed to adjust the response, after meeting local political, business and religious leaders, calling on them to accelerate their efforts to help stabilize conditions on the ground.
“Most Ebola response activities, including community engagement, vaccination, and case investigation, have been re-launched following a slowdown in the wake of the attack, however a rise in reported cases in recent weeks is straining resources even further”, WHO said in the statement.
“We will continue to adjust the response, as we have done for each context in each community,” said Dr. Moeti, calling for action. “In the end, it is only through ownership by all the affected communities that the outbreak will end. Some would have Ebola drive us apart. We can only defeat it if we all work together”, she added.
“We are entering a phase where we will need major shifts in the response”, said Mr. Tedros, adding that the challenges can only be tackled if the international community steps in to “fill the sizeable funding gap”, which is around 50 per cent underfunded.
Pride and respect for WHO staff
The head of WHO said also in the statement that Dr. Mouzoko’s death had “moved him profoundly” and added that the much-respected epidemiologist deployed by the agency “was on his mind the whole time of the visit, as they met with other dedicated colleagues”.
Dr. Moeti underlined that colleagues have been through something “unimaginable and yet they were willing to continue the vital work”.
Reiterating the importance of having the security situation under control for both staff and local people, she said WHO would continue to work with various groups and embed their response at the community level.
More than 1,200 confirmed and probable cases of Ebola have been recorded since the outbreak began, with more than 760 deaths confirmed.
Multi-stakeholder hearing in preparation for the United Nations General Assembly high-level meeting on UHC
#UN; #WHO; #UHC2030; #UNHLM; #universalhealthcoverage; #NoPoverty; #GenderEquity; #sustainableagriculture; #qualityeducation; #cleanwater; #sanitation; #EconomicGrowth; #inclusiveSocieties
United Nations, Apr 29 (Canadian-Media/UN): The President of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, with the support of the World Health Organization (WHO) and UHC2030, will convene an interactive multi-stakeholder hearing on 29 April 2019 at the United Nations in New York, as part of the preparatory process for UN HLM, UN reports said.
The hearing is part of the preparatory process for the UN General Assembly high-level meeting on universal health coverage, which will take place on 23 September 2019 in New York, with the overall theme: Universal Health Coverage: Moving Together to Build a Healthier World. WHO and UHC2030 are supporting the President of the General Assembly in the organization of the hearing.
the hearing will take place from 10:00 to 18:00, in the General Assembly Hall at the UN Headquarters in New York. The discussion will focus on core themes around UHC, noting that UHC is a catalyst for social-economic development and a key contributor to equity, social justice and inclusive economic growth. Investing in health systems for UHC drives progress on all health-related targets as well as across several Sustainable Development Goals beyond the health sector, including Goal 1 (no poverty), Goal 2 (food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture), Goal 4 (quality education), Goal 5 (gender equality), Goal 6 (clean water and sanitation), Goal 8 (decent work and economic growth) and Goal 16 (inclusive societies).
#comfortfood; #stress; #weightgain; #GarvanInstituteofMedicalResearch; #EatingDisorders; #journalCellMetabolism; #amygdala; #DrKennyChiKinIp; #HerbertHerzog; #NPY; #obesity; #CellMetabolism
Sydney, Apr 27 (Canadian-Media): It has been discovered by Australian researchers that a new molecular pathway in the brain triggers more weight gain in times of stress, Garvan Institute of Medical Research said.
It's no secret that overindulging on high-calorie foods can be detrimental to health, but it turns out that under stress, watching what you eat may be even more important. A team led by Professor Herbert Herzog, Head of the Eating Disorders laboratory at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, discovered in an animal model that a high-calorie diet when combined with stress resulted in more weight gain than the same diet caused in a stress-free environment. The researchers revealed a molecular pathway in the brain, controlled by insulin, which drives the additional weight gain.
They published their findings in the journal Cell Metabolism on 25 April 2019 (EST).
"This study indicates that we have to be much more conscious about what we're eating when we're stressed, to avoid a faster development of obesity," says Professor Herzog.
The brain's comfort food 'centre'
Some individuals eat less when they're stressed, but most will increase their food intake -- and crucially, the intake of calorie-dense food high in sugar and fat.
To understand what controls this 'stress eating', the Garvan researchers investigated different areas of the brain in mice. While food intake is mainly controlled by a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, another part of the brain -- the amygdala -- processes emotional responses, including anxiety.
"Our study showed that when stressed over an extended period and high calorie food was available, mice became obese more quickly than those that consumed the same high fat food in a stress-free environment," explains Dr Kenny Chi Kin Ip, lead author of the study.
At the centre of this weight gain, the scientists discovered, was a molecule called NPY, which the brain produces naturally in response to stress to stimulate eating in humans as well as mice.
"We discovered that when we switched off the production of NPY in the amygdala weight gain was reduced. Without NPY, the weight gain on a high-fat diet with stress was the same as weight gain in the stress-free environment," says Dr Ip. "This shows a clear link between stress, obesity and NPY."
A downward spiral to obesity
To understand what might control the NPY boost under stress, the scientists analysed the nerve cells that produced NPY in the amygdala and found they had receptors, or 'docking stations', for insulin -- one of the hormones which control our food intake.
Under normal conditions, the body produces insulin just after a meal, which helps cells absorb glucose from the blood and sends a 'stop eating' signal to the hypothalamus feeding centre of the brain.
In the study, the scientists discovered that chronic stress alone raised the blood insulin levels only slightly, but in combination with a high-calorie diet, the insulin levels were 10 times higher than mice that were stress-free and received a normal diet.
The study showed that these prolonged, high levels of insulin in the amygdala caused the nerve cells to become desensitised to insulin, which stopped them from detecting insulin altogether. In turn, these desensitised nerve cells boosted their NPY levels, which both promoted eating and reduced the bodies' normal response to burn energy through heat, the study showed.
"Our findings revealed a vicious cycle, where chronic, high insulin levels driven by stress and a high-calorie diet promoted more and more eating," explains Professor Herzog. "This really reinforced the idea that while it's bad to eat junk food, eating high-calorie foods under stress is a double whammy that drives obesity."
While insulin imbalance is at the centre of a number of diseases, the study indicates that insulin has more wide-spread effects in the brain than previously thought.
"We were surprised that insulin had such a significant impact on the amygdala," says Professor Herzog. "It's becoming more and more clear that insulin doesn't only impact peripheral regions of the body, but that it regulates functions in the brain. We're hoping to explore these effects further in future."
New WHO guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age
#WorldHealthOrganization; #WHO; #CommissiononEndingChildhoodObesity
Geneva, Apr 25 (Canadian-Media): Children under five must spend less time sitting watching screens, or restrained in prams and seats, get better quality sleep and have more time for active play if they are to grow up healthy, according to new guidelines issued by the World Health Organization (WHO).
WHO. Official logo
“Achieving health for all means doing what is best for health right from the beginning of people’s lives,” says WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “Early childhood is a period of rapid development and a time when family lifestyle patterns can be adapted to boost health gains.”
The new guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age were developed by a WHO panel of experts. They assessed the effects on young children of inadequate sleep, and time spent sitting watching screens or restrained in chairs and prams. They also reviewed evidence around the benefits of increased activity levels.
“Improving physical activity, reducing sedentary time and ensuring quality sleep in young children will improve their physical, mental health and wellbeing, and help prevent childhood obesity and associated diseases later in life,” says Dr Fiona Bull, programme manager for surveillance and population-based prevention of noncommunicable diseases, at WHO.
Failure to meet current physical activity recommendations is responsible for more than 5 million deaths globally each year across all age groups. Currently, over 23% of adults and 80% of adolescents are not sufficiently physically active. If healthy physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits are established early in life, this helps shape habits through childhood, adolescence and into adulthood.
“What we really need to do is bring back play for children,” says Dr Juana Willumsen, WHO focal point for childhood obesity and physical activity. “This is about making the shift from sedentary time to playtime, while protecting sleep. "
The pattern of overall 24-hour activity is key: replacing prolonged restrained or sedentary screen time with more active play, while making sure young children get enough good-quality sleep. Quality sedentary time spent in interactive non-screen-based activities with a caregiver, such as reading, storytelling, singing and puzzles, is very important for child development.
The important interactions between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and adequate sleep time, and their impact on physical and mental health and wellbeing, were recognized by the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity, which called for clear guidance on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in young children.
Applying the recommendations in these guidelines during the first five years of life will contribute to children’s motor and cognitive development and lifelong health.
Recommendations at a glance:Infants (less than 1 year) should:
Children 1-2 years of age should:
Children 3-4 years of age should:
#lossofsleep; #jobloss; #16minutesleeploss; UniversityofSouthFlorida;
New York, Apr 24 (Canadian-Media): Losing just 16 minutes of sleep could be the difference between a clear-headed day at the office or one filled with distractions, a new study published in Sleep Health (Journal of the National Sleep Foundation) said.
Shorting your sleep routine during the work-week greatly interferes with job performance, read the University of South Florida website.
University of South Florida researchers found workers are more likely to have poor judgement and fall off-task the next day.
Lead author Soomi Lee, PhD, assistant professor in the School of Aging Studies, and her colleagues surveyed 130 healthy employees who work in Information Technology and have at least one school-aged child. Participants reported that when they slept 16 minutes less than usual and had worse quality sleep, they experienced more cognitive issues the next day. That raised their stress levels, especially regarding issues related to work-life balance, resulting in them going to bed earlier and waking up earlier due to fatigue.
“These cyclical associations reflect that employees’ sleep is vulnerable to daily cognitive stress and also a contributor to cognitively stressful experiences,” said Lee. “Findings from this study provide empirical evidence for why workplaces need to make more efforts to promote their employees’ sleep. Good sleepers may be better performers at work due to greater ability to stay focused an on-task with fewer errors and interpersonal conflicts.”
Researchers also compared work-days to weekends. They conclude the consequences of less sleep is not as apparent when one has the next day off from work.
#WHO; #NewmalariaVaccine; #Malawi; #UNHealthAgency; #RTS,S; #PATH; #GAVI; #globalpublicandprivateSectorvaccinealliance
United Nations, Apr 24 (Canadian-Media/UN): A new vaccine against deadly malaria which has been 30 years in development, was made available for the first time to infants in Malawi on Tuesday, marking an “innovation milestone”, said the World Health Organization (WHO).
Image Credit: PATH/The malaria vaccine is administered to a five-month old child at Mkaka in Malawi. (April 2019)
The disease remains on the of the world’s leading killers, with one child dying every two minutes. Most of the fatalities are in Africa, where more than 250,000 children die each year.
Known officially as the RTS,S, vaccine, it will also be introduced in Ghana and Kenya in the coming weeks. “We have seen tremendous gains from bed nets and other measures to control malaria, but progress has stalled and even reversed in some areas”, said WHO Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreysus.
“We need new solutions to get the malaria response back on track, and this vaccine gives us a promising tool to get there”, he added. “The malaria vaccine has the potential to save tens-of-thousands of lives.”
‘Thirty years in the making’
RTS,S, is the first and only vaccine so far, that has demonstrated it can “significantly reduce” malaria in children so far, during clinical trials. It was successful in approximately four in 10 cases, including three in 10 cases, where the disease was life-threatening to the young patient.
WHO’s Regional Director for Africa, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, said malaria was “a constant threat” to the communities where it was being administered in the coming weeks. “We know the power of vaccines to prevent killer diseases and reach children, including those who may not have immediate access to doctors”, she added.
‘Model’ public-private partnership
The pilot programme is a collaboration between the UN and ministries of health in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi and a range of other national and international partners, including PATH, a non-profit organization, and GSK, the vaccine developer and manufacturer, which is donating up to 10 million doses for this pilot.
“We salute WHO and Malawi for their leadership in realizing this historic milestone,” said Steve Davis, President and CEO of PATH, “and we look forward to the start of vaccination in Ghana, and then Kenya later this year. A vaccine for malaria is among many innovations needed to bring an end to this disease, and we proudly stand with all countries and our many partners in progressing towards a malaria-free world.”
The malaria vaccine pilot aims to reach about 360,000 children per year across the three countries. Dr. Seth Berkley, Chief Executive of the global public and private sector vaccine alliance, Gavi, said that Malaria continues to be “one of the biggest killers of children worldwide”, taking the lives of over 200,000 every year.
“These pilots will be crucial to determine the part this vaccine could play in reducing the burden this disease continues to place on the world’s poorest countries,” he noted.
#HeartAttack, #Heart, #MuscleDamage; #HeartPatch; #BrownUniversity, #United States
New York, Apr 20 (Canadian-Media): Researchers Brown University, Rhode Island, United States have designed a new type of adhesive patch that can be placed directly on the heart and may one day help to reduce the stretching of heart muscle that often occurs after a heart attack, reported in Nature Biomedical Engineering, media reports said.
The patch, made from a water-based hydrogel material, was developed using computer simulations of heart function in order to fine tune the material’s mechanical properties. A study in rats showed that the patch was effective in preventing left ventricle remodeling — a stretching of the heart muscle that’s common after a heart attack and can reduce the function of the heart’s main pumping chamber. The research also showed that the computer-optimized patch outperformed patches whose mechanical properties had been selected on an ad hoc basis.
The research, published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, was a collaboration between computer modeling and mechanics researchers in Brown University’s School of Engineering, cardiology researchers from Fudan University and material scientists from Soochow University.
“Part of the reason that it’s hard for the heart to recover after a heart attack is that it has to keep pumping,” said Huajian Gao, a professor of engineering at Brown and a co-author on the paper. “The idea here is to provide mechanical support for damaged tissue, which hopefully gives it a chance to heal.”
Prior research had shown that mechanical patches could be effective, the researchers say, but no one had done any research on what the optimum mechanical properties of such a patch might be. As a result, the thickness and stiffness of potential patches varies widely. And getting those properties right is important, Gao says.
“If the material is to hard or stiff, then you could confine the movement of the heart so that it can’t expand to the volume it needs to,” he said. “But if the material is too soft, then it won’t provide enough support. So we needed some mechanical principles to guide us.”
To develop those principles, the researchers developed a computer model of a beating heart, which captured the mechanical dynamics of both the heart itself and the patch when fixed to the heart’s exterior. Yue Liu, a graduate student at Brown who led the modeling work, says the model had two key components.
“One part was to model normal heart function — the expanding and contracting,” Liu said. “Then we applied our patch on the outside to see how it influenced that function, to make sure that the patch doesn’t confine the heart. The second part was to model how the heart remodels after myocardial infarction, so then we could look at how much mechanical support was needed to prevent that process.”
With those properties in hand, the team turned to the biomaterials lab of Lei Yang, a Brown Ph.D. graduate who is now a professor at Soochow University and Hebei University of Technology in China. Yang and his team developed a hydrogel material made from food-sourced starch that could match the properties from the model. The key to the material is that it’s viscoelastic, meaning it combines fluid and solid properties. It has fluid properties up to a certain amount of stress, at which point it solidifies and becomes stiffer. That makes the material ideal for both accommodating the movement of the heart and for provided necessary support, the researchers say.
The material is also cheap (a patch costs less than a penny, the researchers say) and easy to make, and experiments showed that it was nontoxic. The rodent study ultimately showed that it was effective in reducing post-heart attack damage.
“The patch provided nearly optimal mechanical supports after myocardial infarction (i.e. massive death of cardiomyocytes),” said Ning Sun, a cardiology researcher at Fudan University in China and a study co-author. “[It] maintained a better cardiac output and thus greatly reduced the overload of those remaining cardiomyocytes and adverse cardiac remodeling.”
Biochemical markers showed that the patch reduced cell death, scar tissue accumulation and oxidative stress in tissue damaged by heart attack.
More testing is required, the researchers say, but the initial results are promising for eventual use in human clinical trials.
“It remains to be seen if it will work in humans, but it’s very promising,” Gao said. “We don’t see any reason right now that it wouldn’t work.”
#OccupationalSafetyandHealth; #WorldDayforSafetyandHealthatWork; #InternationalLabourOrganization; #workingconditions; #futureofwork; #climatechange; #occupationalaccidents; #technologicalchanges; #ILOcentenary
Geneva, Apr 19 (Canadian-Media): Changes in working practices, demographics, technology and the environment are creating new occupational safety and health (OSH) concerns, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO).
This report on OSH concerns, published ahead of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April, reviews the ILO’s 100 years of achievements, and reveals some of the emerging challenges and opportunities in creating better working environments.
Growing challenges include psychosocial risks, work-related stress and non-communicable diseases, notably circulatory and respiratory diseases, and cancers.
The report, Safety and Health at the heart of the Future of Work: Building on 100 years of experience * , is being published ahead of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work , which is marked on April 28th. It reviews the ILO’s 100 years of work on OSH issues, and highlights emerging health and safety issues in the world of work.
Currently, more than 374 million people are injured or made ill every year through work-related accidents. It is estimated that work days lost to OSH-related causes represent almost 4 per cent of global GDP, in some countries as much as 6 per cent, the Report says.
“As well as more effective prevention for established risks, we are seeing profound changes in our places and ways of working. We need safety and health structures that reflect this, alongside a general culture of prevention that creates shared responsibility,” said Manal Azzi, ILO Technical Specialist on Occupational Safety and Health.
Looking to the future, the report highlights four major transformative forces driving changes. It points out that all also offer opportunities for improvements.
In the light of these challenges the study proposes six areas on which policy makers and other stakeholders should focus. These include more work on anticipating new and emerging OSH risks, adopting a more multidisciplinary approach and building stronger links to public health work. Better public understanding of OSH issues is also needed. Finally, international labour standards and national legislation need to be strengthened, something which will require stronger collaboration between Governments, workers and employers.
By far the greatest proportion of current work-related deaths – 86 per cent – come from disease. In the region of 6,500 people a day die from occupational diseases, compared to 1,000 from fatal occupational accidents.
The greatest causes of mortality are circulatory diseases (31 per cent), work-related cancers (26 per cent) and respiratory diseases (17 per cent).
“As well as the economic cost we must recognize the immeasurable human suffering such illnesses and accidents cause. These are all-the-more tragic because they are largely preventable,” said Azzi. “Serious consideration should also be given to the recommendation of the ILO’s Global Commission on the Future of Work , that occupational safety and health be recognized as a fundamental principle and right at work.”
#UnitedNations; #VaccinesWork; #UnitedNationsChildren’sFund; #UNICEF; #Bill&MelindaGatesFoundation; #WorldHealthOrganization; #WHO; #VaccineAlliance
United Nations, Apr 18 (Canadian-Media): Amid a surge in outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) announced on Thursday a new social media campaign, emphasizing that “vaccines are safe, and they save lives”.
UNICEF/Aidroos Alaidroos: A child in Sana’a braces for a Measles and Rubella vaccination given by a local health worker through a UNICEF-backed campaign in Yemen's Bani Alhareth, February 2019.
To inspire confidence in the power and safety of vaccines, UNICEF is using the hashtag #VaccinesWork for the global campaign, centred around World Immunization Week, which runs from 24 to 30 April.
"We want the awareness that #VaccinesWork, to go viral,” said Robin Nandy, UNICEF’s Chief of Immunization. “This campaign is an opportunity to show the world that social media can be a powerful force for change and provide parents with trustworthy information on vaccines.”
The campaign is part of a global, week-long celebration under the theme, Protected Together: Vaccines Work, to honour so-called Vaccine Heroes - from parents and community members, to health workers and innovators.
A unifying hashtag#VaccinesWork has long been used to bring together immunization advocates online.
This year, UNICEF is partnering with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Vaccine Alliance, a public-private partnership known as Gavi, to encourage even greater reach.
For every like or share in April of social media posts with the hashtag #VaccinesWork, the Gates Foundation will contribute a dollar to UNICEF – up to $1M in total – to ensure that all children get the life-saving vaccines they need.
“More children than ever before are being reached with vaccines today,” said the Foundation’s Violaine Mitchell. She lauded UNICEF and international partners that are “working tirelessly to ensure all children, especially those in the world’s poorest countries, can be protected from life-threatening infectious diseases.”
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan credited the "millions of frontline health workers” who travel “vast distances on foot, over water, through snow, even on carts to deliver life-saving vaccines”.
“We can also do our part to combat myths and let everyone know #VaccinesWork”, she stated.
‘Childproof your child’
Vaccines save up to three million lives a year, according to UN figures, by protecting children from potentially deadly, highly infectious diseases, including measles, pneumonia, cholera and diphtheria.
Moreover, they are one of the most cost-effective health tools ever invented, with every $1 spent on childhood immunization returning up to $44 in benefits.
We must reach every child with life-saving vaccines – UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Angélique Kidjo
And yet, in 2017 an estimated 1.5 million children died of vaccine-preventable diseases, said the United Nations. While often due to lack of access, there is a trend in some countries in which families, skeptical of vaccines, are delaying or refusing to vaccinate their children.
This has resulted in several outbreaks, including an alarming measles surge in high-income countries that is being driven on digital and social media platforms.
That is why the centerpiece of UNICEF’s campaign is a 60-second animated film called Dangers, based on the premise that “kids, by their very nature, are little daredevils who constantly put themselves in danger”. The video explains that while parents can’t eliminate all risk, they can vaccinate to “prevent the dangers that get into their kids”.
“Today nine in ten children receive immunizations, but we cannot leave anyone behind”, said UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador and Grammy award-winner Angélique Kidjo. “We must reach every child with life-saving vaccines”.
Stress, overtime, disease, contribute to 2.8 million workers’ deaths per year, reports UN labour agency
United Nations, Apr 18 (Canadian-Media): Stress, excessively-long working hours and disease, contribute to the deaths of nearly 2.8 million workers every year, while an additional 374 million people get injured or fall ill because of their jobs, the UN labour agency, ILO, said on Thursday.
In a new report underlining ILO’s message that no paid work should threaten your wellbeing, your safety or your life, the agency identifies several new or existing occupational risks of growing concern, that affect women more than men.
These include modern working practices overall, world population growth, increased digital connectivity and climate change, which are believed to account for losses of almost four per cent of the global economy.
Women at particular risk
“The world of work has changed, we’re working differently, we’re working longer hours, we’re using more technology,” ILO’s Manal Azzi told UN News. “The report says 36 per cent of workers are working excessive long hours, meaning more than 48 hours per week.”
Noting that “people are increasingly asked to produce more and more, they have no time to rest," Azzi highlighted that women are particularly at risk. This is because they tend to be the primary carer for children or parents and lack the time to exercise, she said.
“Not only do you work when you’re at your office but then you’re working at home as well,” Azzi said, “so it’s a lot of sedentary work and that affects cardiovascular diseases as well.”
The greatest proportion of work-related deaths – 86 per cent – come from disease, according to ILO, with some 6,500 people a day dying from occupational diseases, compared to 1,000 from fatal occupational accidents.
The greatest causes of mortality are circulatory diseases (31 per cent), work-related cancers (26 per cent) and respiratory diseases (17 per cent).
“As well as the economic cost we must recognize the immeasurable human suffering such illnesses and accidents cause,” Azzi said. “These are all-the-more tragic because they are largely preventable.”
Global trends in safety and health: the picture today/ILO
Launched during the ILO’s centenary year – and ahead of the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on April 28, the report underlines the life-saving value of promoting prevention, to save lives and encourage healthy working environments.
“Serious consideration should also be given to the recommendation of the ILO’s Global Commission on the Future of Work, that occupational safety and health be recognized as a fundamental principle and right at work,” Azzi said.
Since 1919, the ILO has adopted more than 40 international labour standards promoting occupational health and safety. These relate to specific risks such as ionizing radiation, asbestos and cancer-causing chemicals, to specific risky activities including agriculture, construction and mining.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)