Washington, Jun 21 (Canadian-Media); Adoption of a new fee schedule is being proposed by the U.S. Copyright Office, media reports said.
US Copyright Office/Wikipedia
This proposal was authorized by the Congress to set and adjust Copyright Office fees that are fair, equitable, and give due consideration to the objectives of the copyright system.
Every three to five years, the Office adjusts its fees, after first conducting a study of the actual cost to the Office of providing its fee-based services.
In June 2017, a new cost study was initiated by the Office and based on its outcome and proposes the fee schedule described in the notice of proposed rulemaking.
The model used to craft the fee schedule, based on the findings of the cost study has also been provided.
The Office may not be able to achieve full cost-recovery, but the proposed fees aims to recover a significant portion of the costs the Office incurs for providing fee-based services.
Written comments must be received no later than September 21, 2018, at 11:59 p.m. eastern time.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#TheNationalArchivesoftheUnitedKingdom; #UniversityofOldenburginGermany; #DrAmandaBevan; #PrizePapers; #GottingenAcademyofSciencesandHumanities
Ottawa, May 24 (Canadian-Media): The National Archives of the United Kingdom has partnered with the University of Oldenburg in Germany in a 20-year project to digitize digitize and catalogue about 160,000 undelivered letters known as the "Prize Papers," and make them freely available, media reports said.
The National Archives of the United Kingdom/Facebook
This project, launched this month, was funded by Gottingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Records for digitization are being prepared by the archivists with plans to write brief descriptions about the letters and take multiple pictures for a free online research database.
Thousands of letters from all over the world were never delivered between 1650 and 1815.
Those undelivered letters will be read by the world reportedly nearly hundreds of years later.
Enemy ships had seized about 160,000 letters in mailbags that never made it to their intended recipients when Britain was involved in a series of wars.
Dr. Amanda Bevan, head of Legal Records at the National Archives of the U.K., since 2013 had been involved with the Prize Papers.
She told ABC News’ “Start Here” podcast that reading the letters is like "eavesdropping on people from the past,” since people were writing to those they loved and missed back at home.
“It's touching, you feel as though you actually are in touch with the people who wrote them at the time,” she said.
“Heart-wrenching” stories, she were being uncovered by the archivists as many of the letters were sent during wartime.
The project is still in its early stage and about a quarter of the estimated 160,000 total letters are unorganized from poor storage over the years.
Bevan said the period between the 1770s and early 1780s has one of the worst collections of random papers.
“You get letters from the 1770s mixed up with letters from the 1780s. You’ll get French ones stored with Spanish ones … it’s clear that they’re messed up. Now we just need the time and resources to sort them out.”
The whole universe could benefit from the information the Prize Papers provide for the history of slavery, for the history of the development of the colonies, [and] for the history of consumerism, said Bevan
“This is unmediated material, it’s from the heart,” she said. “And I think that’s really unusual because these kinds of letters, had they been delivered, probably wouldn’t survive any longer because they’re written by just ordinary people.”
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#LibraryofCongress; #LOC; #photographicallyillustratedbooks
Washington/Ottawa, May 16 (Canadian-Media): Library of Congress (LOC) provides a well represented collection of an entrée into the development of photographically illustrated books, media reports said.
LOC, reportedly the largest libary in the world, is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States and the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington with universal collections not limited by subject, format, or national boundary, and include research materials from all parts of the world and in more than 450 languages."
Photographically illustrated books feature actual photographic prints to make more vivid a textual narrative or to tell an entire story.
Before photomechanical processes were invented in the nineteenth century, the only options available to bring qualities of a photo to the illustrations were either by inserting photographs into a book individually or photographs were being developed directly on the pages.
McClees’s Gallery of Photographic Portraits of the Senators, Representatives & Delegates (Washington, D.C.: McClees & Beck, 1859)/Courtesy of Library of Congress
Sam Houston, Texas. Photo by Julian Vannerson, 1859. In McClees’ Gallery of Photographic Portraits of the Senators, Representatives & Delegates/ Courtesy of Library of Congress
It was both labor-intensive to produce and bind multiple copies of the text and illustrations and the real challenge were the photographs as explained by the English photographer Francis Frith explained in his book, Egypt, Sinai, and Palestine (ca. 1862).
“My readers are, perhaps, not aware that the original pictures,” such as that showing tombs in Egypt, “were taken on glass,” said Frith. “[Developed] in a smothering little tent” and “pushing my way backwards, upon my hands and knees, into a damp, slimy rock-tomb… it is truly marvelous that the [photographs] should be presentable at all.”
Francis Frith in Turkish summer costume. Photo illustration in: Egypt, Sinai, and Palestine. London : William MacKenzie, Paternoster Row, [1862?], Supplementary volume, title page/ Courtesy of Library of Congress
Tombs in the southern cemetery, Cairo. Photo by Francis Frith. Photo illustration in Egypt, Sinai, and Palestine, 1857, Supplementary volume/ Courtesy of Library of Congress
Because of these obstacles, photographically illustrated books were more expensive, and some are now exceedingly rare.
A wide variety of topics, picturing everything from ancient ruins to expositions, landscapes, the United States Congress and the American Civil War were explored in these photographically illustrated books.
View of eastern nave. Photo by Claude-Marie Ferrier or Hugh Owen in Reports by the Juries on the Subjects in the Thirty Classes into which the Exhibition was Divided. London: Spicer Brothers, 1852, v. 3, frontispiece. /Courtesy of Library of Congress
In the twentieth century, however, the medium of photobook, utilizing new, economical, photomechanical printing processes evolved.
Photobooks, now are very popular and coffee tables throughout the world are adorned by these, thanks in part to the creativity of publishers and photographers like Frith.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Washington/Ottawa, May 12 (Canadian-Media): Library of Congress (LOC)'s Preservation Research and Testing Division was visited on May 9 by Middle- and high-school students as part of hands-on pilot program focusing on preservation science, media reports said..
Library’s hyperspectral camera system is used by the students alongside Library scientists to discover hidden writing in documents.
the Library had relied, for the past decade, on increasingly sophisticated hyperspectral imaging technology to discover hidden information the human eye cannot detect from manuscripts, maps and other artifacts.
Imaging involves digitally photographing an object at multiple wavelengths spanning the ultraviolet through the visible and into the near-infrared.
Discrete components in an object—inks, glues, parchment—respond in unique ways to the different wavelengths.
Photo by Shawn Miller/Courtesy of Library of Congress
So at one wavelength, one ink may almost melt away, revealing another ink below.
The Preservation Research and Testing Division is conducting its pilot with the Library’s Educational Outreach Office. The goal is to introduce students to preservation science and its importance to protecting cultural and historical heritage within the Library’s collections.
The program would reportedly be offered on a monthly basis, in the fall.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#DrCarlaHayden. #LibraryofCongress, #TeachingwiththeLibraryofCongress, #digitalcollections
Washington, May 6 (Canadian-Media): Library of Congress (LOC) staff is working hard to achieve the goal of Dr. Carla’s Hayden, LOC's Librarian to continue to expand access to our primary source collections, media reports said.
Given below is the first post from the Teaching with the Library of Congress blog team highlighting some of the newer online collections.
Benjamin Franklin. Benjamin Wilson, 1761: Documenting his work as diplomat, publisher, scientist and inventor, Franklin’s papers include his correspondences between with notable people of the day including John Adams, George III – King of Great Britain, Thomas Jefferson, the Marquis de Lafayette, George Washington, Antoine Lavoisier, and Joseph Priestley. Also included are some of his diaries, notes on experiments, and copies of some of his scientific writings.
Benjamin Franklin/Courtesy of LOC
Salmon P. Chase Papers: Chase served as an Ohio governor, Secretary of the Treasury in Lincoln’s cabinet, and Supreme Court justice.
His legal career, work as an abolitionist, and activities as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court are documented in his papers. Included in these are Chase’s diaries, select speeches, and other writings and correspondence with people including Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, William Henry Seward, and Horace Greeley.
Salmon P. Chase/Wikipedia
Branch Rickey papers report on noted baseball players including Willie Mays, Hank Aaron, Roberto Clemente, Don Drysdale, Sandy Koufax, and Harmon Killebrew.
Selections from the National Film Registry: A number of the important films for preservation of American culture be accessed through this collection.
Susan B. Anthony Papers: Diaries and scrapbooks assembled by Anthony’s sister that document their work on suffrage and the activities of New York state and national suffrage organizations and correspondence from the noted suffragist are featured in this collection.
Included in these papers is a draft of her first public address, letters documenting the activities of the National Women’s Suffrage Association and speeches she made against slavery.
Susan B Anthony/Wikipedia
A number of presidential papers collections are also now available online, including the papers of Franklin Pierce, Ulysses S. Grant, James K. Polk, and Millard Fillmore.
Many of the new collections have links to teaching resources or related collections.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#LibraryandArchivesCanada, #LAC, #AccesstoInformationandPrivacyAct, #EdwardSadowskie, #FirstNation, #LaurieMeijerDrees. #FirstNationandInuithealthcare, #IndianResidentialSchool
Ottawa, Feb 25 (Canadian-Media): A 98-year-old document on Ottawa's treatment of sick First Nations children from Library and Archives Canada's (LAC) had unveiled a part of Canada's history hidden in the darkness of locked archives, media reports said.
Library & Archives Canada/Facebook
Majority of old Indian Affairs health files were reportedly still locked away by LAC.
LAC had initially refused to release the document based on the Access to Information and Privacy Act that exempts files covered by solicitor-client privilege.
Edward , the researcher wanted to study First Nation students' case who contacted tuberculosis and were sent for treatment to residential schools as part of the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement.
But when Sadowskie's request for the release of the document was refused b y LAC, he filed a complaint with the federal Office of the Information Commissioner last October and an investigation started.
Sadowski learnt from LAC, a little over a week after CBC News first reported on the case, that it had reconsidered the case and decided to release the document without restrictions.
"There are hundreds of documents in archives that should be opened but are not, that we need to look at to get a better impression of what went on," Laurie Meijer Drees, chair of the First Nations studies department at Vancouver Island University was reported to state.
LAC still keeps all records produced by the federal National Health and Welfare Department (NHWD) locked in their archives, said Drees.
It was in 1945 that NHWD had taken over First Nation and Inuit health care from Indian Affairs.
It was by individual requests under the Access to Information Act, said Drees, that health records produced by Indian Affairs were accessible.
"You can't actually research this topic as as researcher because it could take you 100 years to get them," she said.
The released document, Sadowski said, revealed the steps taken by Ottawa to deal with tuberculosis outbreaks in First Nations communities were made worse by residential schools, while keeping costs down.
The 98-year-old document was from the time when Duncan Campbell Scott was deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs.
Amendments to the Indian Act were reportedly made by Scott in 1927 making it mandatory for First Nations children to attend residential schools.
An Indian Affairs letter of 1920 described the case of a young girl with tubercular spine and the case of a child with eye trouble who could not be properly treated in their home but whose parents refused to permit them to be taken to a hospital for treatment.
It was reportedly revealed why parents didn't want their sick children taken away for treatment to places like Selkirk, Manitoba.
"The Indians seem to object to their children being sent to Selkirk, as they say they never see them again, because of the distance, and because most of them go there to die," said the letter signed by the United Church's general secretary Rev. J. H. Edmison.
Last month two law firms had launched a $1.1 billion class action lawsuit against Ottawa over abuse suffered by Indian hospital patients.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#LibraryofCongress, #U.S.Congress, #U.S.CopyrightOffice, #labs.loc.gov, #CarlaHayden, #BeyondWords, #KateZwaard
Toronto, Sep 26 (Canadian-Media): labs.loc.gov, a new online space -- launched by The Library of Congress (LOC) -- Sept 19 presents a changing selection of experiments, projects, events and resources to promote more creative use of the Library’s digital collections, media reports said.
Library of Congress: Facebook
LOC, the world’s largest library, offers access to the creative record of the United States and extensive materials from around the world -- both on-site and online -- is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.
The new site, labs.loc.gov, will also reportedly feature a gallery of projects from data challenge winners and innovators-in-residence and blog posts and video presentations from leaders in the field.
“We already know the Library of Congress is the ultimate treasure chest, but with labs.loc.gov we are inviting explorers to help crack open digital discoveries and share the collections in new and innovative ways,” Media quoted Carla Hayden, Librarian of Congress as saying. “Whether you’re tagging images from our digitized historic newspapers to help future visitors, or exploring the changing nature of democracy through the 25 million bibliographic records the Library recently made public, we are providing tools and inspiration that will lead to new uses and new ways of looking at the incredible materials here at the Library.”
Carla Hayden: Facebook
Digital collections of labs.loc.gov would reportedly facilitate users with great opportunities for exploration like experimental applications and crowdsourcing programs, and tutorials at every level of technical knowledge.
labs.loc.gov' s website 'Beyond Words' facilitates public to identify cartoons and photographs in historic newspapers and provide captions that will turn images into searchable data that leads researchers --through this crowdsourcing program -- to visualization, text analysis and other digital humanities techniques to discover new knowledge from Chronicling America—the Library’s large collection of historic American newspapers.
Beyond Words, a pilot project, assists the Library of Congress to learn more about what subsets of Library data researchers are interested in and to grow the Library’s capacity for crowdsourcing.
Beyond Words: Facebook
“What I like about crowdsourcing is it gives people a chance to discover hidden gems in the collection. You never know what you’ll find poking through old newspapers,” said Tong Wang, the IT specialist who created Beyond Words during a three-month pilot innovator-in-residence program.
Beyond Words will also generate public domain image galleries for scholarship and creative play. As this data set grows, educators, researchers and artists will be able to group image collections by time frame, such as identifying all historic cartoons appearing in World War I-era newspapers.
“We’re excited to see what happens when you bring together the largest collection of human knowledge ever assembled with the power of 21st-century technology,” said Kate Zwaard -- the chief of the Library’s National Digital Initiatives office, which manages the new website -- was quoted by the media as saying. “Every day, students, researchers, journalists and artists are using code and computation to derive new knowledge from library collections. With labs, we hope to create a community dedicated to using technology to expand what’s possible with the world’s creative and intellectual treasures.”
Kate Zwaard: Twitter
To maximize the potential for exploration of new ways of creative use of its digital collections, the Library has introduced industry standards for creation of application programming interfaces (APIs) to various digital collections.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#ThomasJefferson, #AinsworthRandSpofford, #ArchivesofNation; LibraryofCongress
Washington, Apr 4 (Canadian-Media): The Library of Congress (LOC), one of the biggest libraries in the world, celebrated its 217th birthday earlier this week, media reports said.
Library of Congress
LOC, the research library that officially serves the United States (US) Congress, is the oldest federal cultural institution in the US and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Created on April 24, 1800 it was originally as a legislative library for members of Congress to access documents.
Presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson believed that in order to do a good job, Congress should have information on as many topics as possible .
In the beginning there were over 900 documents, which quickly grew to around 3,000.
War of 1812 and British invasion resulted in destruction of the library and its contents in 1814.
In 1851 about two-thirds of the library was destroyed by a fire.
In 1870 Ainsworth Rand Spofford, Librarian of Congress created Copyright Law which required that anything copyrighted needed to have two copies placed in the library.
As of 2012 there were over 35.8 million books not including manuscripts, maps, sheet music, and other documents which individually number in the millions as well.
LOC is in effect the archives of the nation.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)