#LibraryOfCongress; #BehindTheBook; #NewEventSeries; #AmericanPublishing
Washington, Library of Congress/Canadian-Media: Library of Congress would present Robert Gottlieb in Conversation with Robert A. Caro and Nan Talese in Conversation with Margaret Atwood, in Behind the Book, a New Event Series, Library of Congress (LoC) reports said.
Library of Congress. Image credit: Twitter handle
Behind the Book, a New Event Series, provides a behind-the-scenes view of the world of American book publishing, the editors, designers, publicists, agents and publishers who make the books that win prizes and endure.
Image credit: Library of Congress
The schedule of events is as follows:
The first virtual event in this occasional series will begin on Thursday, Dec. 3, at 7 p.m., with a focus on Great American Editors featuring legendary editor Robert Gottlieb -- a former editor-in-chief of Simon & Schuster and former publisher of Alfred A. Knopf, as well as former editor and publisher of The New Yorker -- in conversation with one of his best-known writers, Robert A. Caro, author of the critically acclaimed biographies of Robert Moses and Lyndon Johnson.
The authors Gottlieb has worked with are like a “Who’s Who” of famous writers: Toni Morrison, Doris Lessing, John Cheever, John le Carré, Michael Crichton, Lauren Bacall, Katharine Hepburn, Katharine Graham, Barbara Tuchman, Nora Ephron, Paul Simon and Bob Dylan. The program will feature tributes to Gottlieb from President Bill Clinton, radio host Diane Rehm, journalist Charles McGrath and literary agent Lynn Nesbit.
On Thursday, Dec. 17, at 7 p.m., the focus on Great American Editors continues with Nan Talese, a senior vice president of Doubleday and editorial director of her eponymous imprint, in conversation the internationally celebrated novelists, Margaret Atwood. Talese has been a leading editor at Random House, Simon & Schuster and Houghton Mifflin and has edited such literary stars as Pat Conroy, Deirdre Bair, Ian McEwan, Jennifer Egan, Antonia Fraser, Barry Unsworth, Valerie Martin, Thomas Keneally, Mia Farrow, Barry Unsworth, Peter Ackroyd, Louis Begley and George Plimpton.
Programs in this new series will premiere on the Library's Facebook page and its YouTube site (with captions). These presentations will be available for viewing afterward at those sites and on the Library of Congress website at loc.gov/collections/event-videos/.
Additional programs in the Behind the Book series will be announced as they are scheduled, with the next being announced in January 2021.
As the world’s largest library built in 1800 in Washington D.C., LoC offers access to the creative record of the United States, and from around the world, both on-site and online, and is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.
While maintaining one of the largest and most diverse collections of scientific and technical information in the world, LoC also bibliographic services and develops the general collections of the library in all areas of science, technology, business and economics.
#Charts; #Data Visualization; #Library of Congress; #US Free Charts; #Innovative Learning
Library of Congress/Canadian-Media: The use of charts to clarify ideas goes back many years. In a contemporaneous review of McGuffey’s Reading Charts revised edition, dating from the 1880s, the Superintendent of the Columbus, Ohio Public Schools, R.W. Stevenson, wrote:
Gentlemen: McGuffey’s Revised Reading Charts are beautiful, and will be of inexpressible value in the lower grades of our schools. They cannot only be used as an aid in learning to read and write, but their value for teaching elementary language-lessons will be worth ten-fold their cost. I have had no faith in charts, but those are so beautiful, so well graded, so full of information in the most artistic form, they cannot fail to be valuable. Very truly, R.W. STEVENSON, Superintendent.
McGuffey, W. Holmes. (1881). Photographic reduction of McGuffey’s reading charts. Rev. ed. Cincinnati: Van Antwerp, Bragg & co. Back Cover: Images from HathiTrust scan.
A companion to the New American reading charts, with Object Lessons for the use of teachers, Philadelphia, J. H. Butler & co., c1879.For someone who expresses he had ‘no faith’ in charts, it is apparent that he took a serious and critical look at this edition. In fact, the publication is a work well done with examples of good penmanship, and even a color wheel!
In another work, A companion to the New American reading charts, Philadelphia, J. H. Butler & co., c1879, teachers are given specific directions in their use and even how to hang them on metal rods.
Below is a 1943 chart from the collections of the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division explaining how ration coupons worked. These coupons were issued to the U.S. population during World War II and allowed one to purchase a specific amount of a product during a month’s time.
On the day rationing begins, the row of “A” stamps becomes valid. And a new row of stamps becomes good every week on Sunday: “B” the second week, “C” the third, and so on. Stamps will continue to be good after the week is over. But they will expire at the end of the month. At that time “A,” “B,” “C,” and “D” stamps will all expire together, 1934.
In a similar fashion, a chart can convey real-time data today. We regularly receive reports showing our cell phone use every week. Putting the weeks together, we can easily see how our use of this service changes over time and why our rates increase as our usage increases, helping us understand a higher bill at the end of the month.
Charts can help us learn, and they often spare the learner from reading endless pages about a subject with little or no understanding. Charts, in fact, provide avenues for differentiated learning or style-based instruction enabling different types of learners, such as visual learners, to easily grasp the ideas being put forward.
In business, not only is it critical to have both basic and advanced chart interpretation skills, but it is also essential to be able to design a chart and include that chart in a presentation. This skill can be a game-changer as the chart or graph will engage and allow for greater understanding. Well-designed charts call for skills in numeracy, arithmetic, geometry, data analysis, and money management.
There are several types of charts used in the business world, including bar graphs, pie charts, line graphs, and Cartesian graphs, but regardless of the type, well-designed charts and graphs will demonstrate what you want the reader to know and understand. The usefulness of the chart or graph is critical to its success.
Examining free charts will help you understand how to create charts that illustrate aspects of your business organization, including its function, authority, and growth.
While an Internet search using the terms ‘free charts’ will yield any number of sites where you can download anything from free charts for teaching mathematics to learn about cooking and maybe even how to double a recipe, it’s also interesting to check under “free U.S. government charts.” For example, by searching “U.S. government weights and measures chart,” you will be directed to https://www.govinfo.gov, where you will find charts for measures of length, capacity, etc., as well as photos that could be used in charts for historical purposes. Further, using your favorite Internet search engine and typing “data visualization,” you can find such government sites as the Centers for Disease Control web site at https://www.cdc.gov, and there you will discover the latest graphics associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, as an example. The federal government’s open data site https://www.data.gov provides access to nearly 200,000 datasets, making it easy to search, understand, and share government data.
As a life-long learner, I recently checked to see what free charts the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has, and I found many interesting line charts, including one entitled: “Arctic Sea Ice Minimum.” I invite you to take a look to see if you, too, could learn something for free.
This post was written by Business Reference Librarian Nanette Gibbs. The post was first published in the Library of Congress
#LosAngeles; #MuseumofTolerance; #GlobalPeace&ToleranceAward; #UN; #SimonWiesenthal
Los Angeles/Canadian-Media: Based in Los Angeles, California, United States, Museum of Tolerance (MOT) is a multimedia museum designed to examine racism and prejudice around the world with a strong focus on the history of the Holocaust.
Image credit: Website
Recipient of Friends of the United Nations’ Global Peace and Tolerance Award, the MOT is a human rights laboratory with an educational center dedicated to teach and enlighten visitors about the Holocaust.
The evolution of MOT was based on the creation of an experience, like Simon Wiesenthal expressed, to remind visitors of the past as well as to act and to prevent the occurrence of hatred and genocide to any group now and in the future.
MOT opened to the public in February 1993 and soon received acclaim from national and international leaders and within a few short months, it became a “must-see” attraction in Southern California.
Today, MOT has become not only as a symbol of society’s quest to live peacefully together but also as an important resource on how to achieve that goal. Over 250,000 people visit the MOT annually, including 130,000 students, and many major corporations, educators, police agencies, and professionals from throughout the region have experienced the MOT’s specialized programs.
Main Exhibit Areas of MOT are: The Holocaust Exhibit; Tolerancenter; Anne; Finding Our Families, Finding Ourselves; Para Todos Los Niños / For All The Children; The Hitler Letter, etc.
MOT, the first of its kind in the world, had its origin from the leadership of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, one of the largest international Jewish human rights organizations with over 400,000 member families in the United States, named in honor of famed Nazi hunter, the late Simon Wiesenthal.
Headquartered in Los Angeles, with offices in New York, Toronto, Miami, Chicago, Paris, Buenos Aires, and Jerusalem, the Center is an NGO at international agencies including the United Nations, UNESCO, the OSCE, the OAS, the Council of Europe and the Latin American Parliament (Parlatino).
Simon Wiesenthal Center. Image credit: Twitter handle
The Center has three landmark exhibitions that have been displayed in the Vatican, on Capitol Hill, at the UN and other parts of the US and the world. Those exhibits are: Courage to Remember; People, Book, Land, and The Birth of Israel.
The film division of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Moriah Films created to produce theatrical documentaries to educate both national and international audiences focuses on the 3,500-year old Jewish experience as well as contemporary human rights and ethics issues. Moriah has produced 11 films to date, two of which have received the Academy Award™ for best feature documentary, The Long Way Home (1997) and Genocide (1981).
Moriah: A Film Company Like No Other with 16 acclaimed documentaries
LibraryOfCongress; #HenryCowell; #JoysOfNoise; #MusicalAdaptations
Washington, Nov 19 (Canadian-Media): The Music Division has recently published a finding aid that brings together many of the Henry Cowell music manuscripts held at the Library of Congress, revealing a wealth of holograph scores spanning his entire compositional career, Library of Congress reports said.
The following is a guest post from Archives Processing Technician, Emily Baumgart.
Cowell’s musical aesthetic changed throughout his life from ultra modernism in the 1920s and 1930s to open form and the use of folk-inspired elements in the post-war period. His scoring likewise ranges from the traditional, with string quartets and choral music, to the unexpected, such as his Concerto for Koto and his works for string piano. It is this experimental side that Cowell is most famous for, and the Cowell manuscripts held by the Music Division demonstrate his prolific avant-garde output.
Henry Cowell, composer. Adventures in Harmony, chapter III. circa 1913. Call number ML96 .C823 (Case), Music Division. Image credit: Library of Congress
One of Cowell’s earliest pianistic innovations was the tone cluster technique, in which the performer plays groups of notes with their fist or entire forearm. Although there is some confusion surrounding dates, the earliest work to include tone clusters is generally considered to be Adventures in Harmony from around 1913, composed when Cowell was in his mid-teens. This work consists of several “chapters” forming a sort of catalog of different compositional techniques, designed as a gift for his piano teacher, Ellen Veblen. The tone clusters first appear in the third chapter of Adventures in Harmony where Cowell uses them mostly for color: they are meant to decorate an otherwise mostly diatonic work, and in this earliest iteration Cowell’s original attempt at transcribing this sound is somewhat unwieldy, with each specific note written out on the staff. Further experiments brought these tone clusters to the fore, as in Dynamic Motion (1916), ranging from small clusters of a few notes to wide swaths of the keyboard as the pianist plays with both forearms. The work even includes arpeggiated clusters, performed by tilting the forearm across the keys. Cowell’s score shows a more sophisticated, simpler representation for the technique that specifies only a lower and upper bound for the cluster; not only was Cowell experimenting with the musical elements themselves, but also a way to properly notate those sounds. Later on, Cowell adapted the idea of tone clusters to other instruments; they are especially prominent in both the solo piano and orchestral accompaniment of the Concerto for Piano (1928).
Henry Cowell, composer. Dynamic Motion, 1916. Call number ML96 .C823 (Case), Music Division. Image credit: Library of Congress
Henry Cowell, composer. The Banshee, 1925. Call number ML96 .C823 (Case), Music Division. Image credit: Library of Congress
Cowell’s other big experimental piano approach was what he termed the string piano. To be clear, this is not any kind of new instrument, but a new way of playing an old instrument: instead of playing on the piano keys, the performer in these works plays on the strings inside the piano. The techniques can range from the gentle strumming and glissandi of Aeolian Harp (1923) that seeks to mimic the pastoral sounds of a harp, to the harsh, eerie scrapes, slides, and plucks of The Banshee (1925). It is this second work that is Cowell’s most famous string piano composition, and the Library of Congress holds an early holograph of the score. Like the tone clusters, Cowell had to develop notation for this new style of performance, as seen in the letters A-L associated with the typical staff notation. Each letter specifies a different performance technique, including which part of the hand or finger to use, which direction to slide, and whether to dampen the strings. The end result does sound rather like the screams of a banshee, connecting this new compositional practice to Cowell’s lifelong use of mythic and folkloric elements in his music. An earlier work and the first string piano piece, The Sword of Oblivion (1921/1922), shows some of the same notation as The Banshee, though it is combined with other symbols as Cowell was still experimenting with the best way to notate these new sounds for the performer. This earlier work is also a sort of transition from typical piano performance to Cowell’s new string piano technique, as Sword incorporates both keyboard and string sounds.
Henry Cowell, composer. The Sword of Oblivion, 1921-1922. Call number ML96 .C823 (Case), Music Division. Image credit: Library of Congress
The post was first published by the Library of Congress.
#IndigenousLaw; WebArchives; #LibraryOfCongress; #DigitalFormats; #578Nations
WAshington, Nov 18 (Canadian-Media): Legal materials for American law, foreign law, and sovereign Indigenous nations is being collected by the Law Library for preservation in the Library of Congress (LoC) Law Library, LoC said.
Library of Congress. Image credit: Twitter handle
Many governments, including Indigenous national, tribal, and community governments, are transitioning from print to solely digital formats for publishing their laws.
To facilitate with the collection and preservation aims of this, the Library has created the Indigenous Law Web Archive, a collection of constitutions, codes, executive orders, and court forms and information of sovereign Indigenous governments and courts of 578 federally recognized nations, communities, and tribes in the United States, as well as some Indigenous legal information from Canada, published online.
The Library attempts to acquire the most comprehensive collection possible. Collected resources are embargoed for a year prior to release, and so the collection was launched this summer. It’s a useful starting point for comparative research, and we hope that this tool will assist practitioners and scholars of Indigenous law in their work.
LoC maintains one of the largest and most diverse collections of scientific and technical information in the world. Its Science, Technology and Business Division provides reference and bibliographic services and develops the general collections of the library in all areas of science, technology, business and economics.
As the world’s largest library built in 1800 in Washington D.C., LoC offers access to the creative record of the United States, and from around the world, both on-sit and online, and is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.