#ExhibitionOfRosaParks; #LibraryOfCongress; #BlackHistoryMonth
Washington Feb 9 (Canadian-Media):An exhibition on the life and works of Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, an American activist in the civil rights movement, was held earlier this week by the Library of Congress (LoC) during the observance of Black History Month (BHM) 2020, LoC reports said.
Rosa Parks. Image credit: Library of Congress
Rosa Parks (1913-2005) had been called by the United States Congress as the first lady of civil rights and the mother of the freedom movement.
LoC's exhibition is the first major exhibition to showcase the Rosa Parks Collection includes Parks' personal correspondence, letters from presidents, her writings from the time of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and her Presidential Medal of Freedom and Congressional Gold Medal.
About 2,500 photographs are also showcased in this exhibition
Established in 1800, LoC is the world’s largest library and the main research arm of the U.S. Congress as well as home of the U.S. Copyright Office, offering access to the creative record of the United States and from around the world both on site and online.
Library of Congress. Image credit: Facebook
BHM was created in 1926 by Dr. Carter G. Woodson, who is also known as the Father of Black History Month.
Observed on February of each year since 1970, BHM recognizes individuals and events in the history of African-American culture.
BHM’s 2020 theme is “African Americans and the Vote” marking the centennial of the 19th Amendment and the culmination of the women's suffrage movement as well as sesquicentennial of the 15th Amendment, which gave black men the right to vote in 1870, following the Civil War.
Early Childhood Experiences. Image credit: Library of Congress
This autobiographical sketch of by Rosa Parks highlights her growing up in Pine Level, Alabama, on the farm of her maternal grandparents, Sylvester and Rose Edwards, with her mother and brother, Leona and Sylvester McCauley. She describes how she and her grandfather protected their home from Klansmen, and her doing chores, and learning to cook and sew.
Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church. Image credit: Library of Congress
Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pine Level, Alabama, where Rosa Parks developed a strong faith activism that assured triumph over adversity, which prepared her for the trials ahead.
Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks recalls childhood encounter with a white boy who threatened to hit her, ca. 1956–1958. Autograph manuscript. Rosa Parks Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (010.00.00)
Rosa Park's childhood encounter with a white boy named Franklin is described in this autobiographical sketch. When the white boy threatened to hit her, she picked up a brick revealing the fearlessness which made Franklin to retreat.
Civil rights activist Rosa Parks's refusal to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus in segregated Montgomery, Alabama led to her arrest on December 1956 resulting in Montgomery bus boycott and helped in the modern civil rights movement.
Rosa Parks fingerprinted by a deputy sheriff in Montgomery, Alabama on February 22, 1956, when she was arrested again, along with Martin Luther King Jr. and others, for boycotting public transportation. Image credit: Associated Press photo. New York World-Telegram & Sun Collection (Prints & Photographs Division).
Rosa Parks with a friend. Photograph, between 1920 and 1930. Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (012.00.00)
Rosa earned her high school diploma in 1933 with the support of his husband Raymond. At the time, few blacks in Montgomery had a high school education, but Rosa still struggled to find a suitable job as an insurance agent, office clerk, domestic, and nurse’s aide. She also took in sewing work at home on the side to supplement Raymond’s income.
Seamstress. Image credit: Thomas, photographer. Rosa Parks (1913–2005), ca. 1950. Photograph. Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (015.00.00)
On February 21, 1956 Rosa Park along with Martin Luther King, Jr., E. D. Nixon, and eighty-six other bus boycott participants were indicted by a Montgomery grand jury for violating the Alabama Anti-Boycott Act of 1921.
E. D. Nixon escorting Rosa Parks to the courthouse in Montgomery, Alabama, to attend the trial of Martin Luther King, Jr., March 1956. Photograph. Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (026.00.00)
Rosa Parks was invited by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to participate in the 1963 March on Washington. Upon arriving there, when Rosa learnt that she and other female leaders would march in a separate procession and that they would not be allowed to give a speech, they protested the exclusion. At the last minute, A. Philip Randolph added a “Tribute to Women.” Daisy Bates briefly spoke during the official program, and Rosa was recognized.
Bob Adelman, photographer. Rosa Parks seated as an honored guest at the March on Washington, 1963. Photograph. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (043.00.00)
Rosa Parks was awarded by President Clinton on September 15, 1996, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor given by the U.S. executive branch and received her medal in an Oval Office ceremony. She was later escorted by Clinton to the annual dinner of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation.
Rosa Parks’s certificate for the Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1996. Document. Rosa Parks Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (070.00.00)
Rosa Parks at the White House with President Bill Clinton after receiving the 1996 Presidential Medal of Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1996. Photograph. Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (072.00.00)
In January 1999 Rosa Parks traveled to St. Louis, Missouri, to meet with Pope John Paul II at the Cathedral Basilica in St. Louis. He began the New Year by calling for racial healing. After a prayer service Rosa spoke on civil rights and racial healing with the Pope and gave him a copy of her book, Quiet Strength (1994).
Rosa Parks meeting Pope John Paul II, during his visit to St. Louis, Missouri, January 27, 1999. Visual Materials from the Rosa Parks Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (074.00.00)