#Toronto'sFirstCaseOfCoronavirus; #Coronavirus; #Toronto; #Sunnybrook Hospital
Toronto, Jan 25 (Canadian-Media): The first case of diagnosed deadly coronavirus was announced Saturday afternoon by Canada's Public Health officials in Toronto's Sunnybrook Hospital with the number of infections worldwide surpassing 1,400 cases, media reports said.
Coronavirus. Image credit: Twitter
After returning from Wuhan, China a man in his 50s was diagnosed with the virus and was immediately put into isolation.
#Canada; #CanadaHospitals&Airports; #PreationForCoronavirus; #WHO; #PHAC; #CBSA, #GlobalHealthEmergency
Ottawa, Jan 23 (Canadian-Media): Canada's Preventive measures and other preparations of treating new coronavirus are underway -- as passengers arriving here may not show any symptoms for days -- irrespective of whether or not World Health Organization (WHO) declares on Thursday the outbreak of coronavirus a global health emergency, media reports said.
Coronavirus. Image credit: Twitter
With more than 500 confirmed cases of coronavirus, China remains the epicentre. Thailand, the United States, Taiwan, South Korea and Japan also have confirmed cases of the virus.
Hospitals in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia have also announced preparations for cases and Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory as well as provincial government labs in Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta have a battery of tests to detect respiratory pathogens, including one for the new coronavirus
Under the direction of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), the lead agency for dealing with the coronavirus, through the Quarantine Act, travellers would be asked by Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officials if they had been in Wuhan, China, in the past 14 days.
#Canada; #CanadaHealth; #FluInCanada; #InfluezaA; #InfluenzaB; #fluShotrecommended
Ottawa, Jan 16 (Canadian-Media): Canada's medical community is puzzled with the unusual toll on the body of both flu strains -- Influenza A mainly affecting older people, while influenza B targets children and youth -- typically at the same time during the flu season with nearly 12,500 confirmed cases of flu across Canada and 10 deaths, media reports said.
Estimated 3,000 Canadians, often young children, the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions such as asthma, succumb to death every year.
"The flu can complicate pre-existing heart disease, asthma, chronic lung disease, quite often it causes pneumonia and that's sort of its route of causation. It's what makes people really sick," said Dr. Mark Loeb, division director for infectious diseases at McMaster University in Hamilton.
"If somebody is really short of breath and not able to manage without assisted support, without oxygen or hydration or need antibiotics through an IV, those would be the people who would be admitted to hospital," said Dr. Tasleem Nimjee, an ER physician at the hospital.
While doctors at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention consider this year as bad due to widespread flu activity and hospitalizations, Canadian numbers, so far, don't bear that out.
"Based on data up to January 4, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada would not characterize the current flu season as severe at this time," officials told CBC News in an emailed response to questions.
Loeb agreed it's too early to tell. Typically, flu season runs from mid-November until April.
"Flu epidemics are like a mountain. It's like an ascension and then you reach a peak and then you descend. Now we're on the ascension of that mountain and we don't know exactly where it will peak."
Flu shot, has been recommended by the doctors.
Although doctors are aware that this year's vaccine may not be a perfect match to the current strains, but doctors still believe that some protection is always better than none, according to Loeb.
"Sometimes prevention is harder for people to understand than treatment."
#Halifax; #NovaScotia; #HalifaxBanFlavouredVapeProducts; #FlavouredVapeProducts; #FlavouredVapeProductsBan
Halifax (Nova Scotia), Dec 6 (Canadian-Media): Nova Scotia became the first Canadian province to ban on the sale of flavoured vape products effective from April 1, 2020, with the government to introduce more policy changes to curb e-cigarette next year. media reports said.
flavoured vape products/Twitter
The delay in the regulatory change is to facilitate sellers necessary time to comply with their existing stock, said Health and Wellness Minister Randy Delorey.
“We’re setting a stake in the sand and setting the stage for other jurisdictions across the country with a full flavour ban,” Delorey told reporters at a news conference Thursday.
With a record outbreak of vaping-related illness and deaths across North America, Canadian government had been pressurized by professionals and health advocates to address the negative health impacts.
“It represents an opportunity to curb...the key driver in terms of what’s getting youth addicted,” said Kelly Cull, regional director of public policy for the Canadian Cancer Society adding that provincial government’s commitment was a “really excellent first step.”
#Canada; #HealthCanada; #measlesInfection; #HospitalForSickChildren; #InfantsMoreSusceptibletoMeasles, #PublicHealthOntario
Toronto, Nov 21 (Canadian-Media): Findings of Toronto researchers from the Hospital for Sick Children and Public Health Ontario said that infants are more vulnerable to measles infection than previously thought is, media reports said.
Measles is an infectious viral disease causing fever and a red rash on the skin, typically occurring in childhood and Measles and can cause severe complications including pneumonia, encephalitis and death.
Vast majority of 196 infants studied were susceptible to measles infection by three months of age and none of them were immune at six months.
The findings rule out that most babies are protected in their first year by maternal antibodies passed on through pregnancy.
In Canada, measles vaccines are not administered to babies until they are 12 months old resulting in an alarming wide susceptibility gap, study's senior author said.
Although most Canadian women of childbearing age are immune through vaccination immunization through vaccine is associated with lower antibody levels than natural infection.
"This is really troubling because measles is a serious disease, and it can be quite serious in infants," said Shelly Bolotin, a scientist at Public Health Ontario and also an assistant professor at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and the department of laboratory medicine and pathobiology at the University of Toronto.
"It can be absolutely devastating and we need to make sure that we are protecting our most vulnerable members of our population — infants."
Bolotin said the Toronto study is unique in measuring antibodies at each month of an infant's life from birth to 12 months.
As of late last week, Bolotin said there have been 112 cases of measles in Canada this year, majority of them imported or import-related.
#Canada; #HealthCanada; #VapingRelatedIllness; #CanadianMedicalAssociationJournal
Ottawa, Nov 21 (Canadian-Media): First documented case of an Ontario teen was put on life-support with a severe vaping-related illness -- more in line with "popcorn lung" -- linked to e-cigarettes, according to a study published Thursday in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), media reports said.
Medically known as bronchiolitis obliterans, popcorn lung is named for factory workers who developed lung disease after breathing in heated flavouring, the study said.
"It was a relatively wild story; we have not seen something like this that often," said Dr. Tereza Martinu, a lung transplant respirologist who was part of the teen's care team and a co-author of the study.
Dr Tereza Martinu/Facebook
After a 47-day hospital stay, the teen, whose identity has not been released, returned home, but still recovering, possibly with chronic lung damage.
The researchers suspected bronchiolitis after scans of his lungs showed a so-called "tree in bud" pattern: tiny nodules connected to longer bronchial "branches," but the teen's infection work-up was negative.
The study notes the researchers cannot "pathologically" confirm bronchiolitis obliterans and the team could not evaluate the specific vaping products used by the teen, health officials said it could be a likely consequence.
The doctors are calling for more research to better understand an issue that has already raised alarm around the world.
In the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported 42 deaths linked to vaping and 2,172 injuries.
In Canada, there have been eight confirmed or probable cases but could not include this case possibly because of its different presentation.
"We don't want to see anybody sick, but it's quite eye-opening when it's very young people who have been previously healthy," said Dr. Simon Landman, another study co-author involved with the teen's care, and a physician at the London Health Sciences Centre.
CMAJ again called for a Canada-wide ban on flavoured vaping liquids, stricter regulations on advertising, and standards put in place on all e-cigarette products.
"These cases have occurred because of the near-complete absence of government regulations on the composition, quality, design and manufacture of e-cigarettes and e-liquids," the editorial said.
Health Canada said it will continue to monitor all available data sources and surveillance systems and take action to protect the health and safety of Canadians.
#Ottawa; #CanadianMedicalAssociation,#Cancer; #CancerInCanada; #Obesity;
Ottawa, Nov 19 (Canadian-Media): Obesity among young Canadians was found to be a major factor in increasing rates of cancer, new study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal reported, which looked at nearly media reports said.
The researchers for this massive study took into consideration nearly 5.2 million cases of cancer diagnosed in Canada between 1971 and 2015, and examined trends by age and sex.
Obesity was also found to be the risk factor for breast, colorectal, pancreatic, endometrial and kidney cancer.
Last four decades have shown increased number of Canadians with a body mass index of 35 or higher. Proper diet and medication, says the study can control obesity.
Another worrisome trend identified by the study was cancer in men and women under the age of 50.
This study's importance is also due to the fact that current guidelines do not recommend screening of younger patients for some cancers. For instance, most provinces do not offer breast cancer screening to women in their 40s which means if cancers in younger patients are diagnosed at a later stage, these become less treatable.
In the case of breast cancer, the increased incidence in young women has also been observed in the U.S. and Europe.
Besides obesity, other likely risk factors in young women developing breast cancer include the trend for girls to begin having periods at a younger age, as well as increased use of oral contraceptives to delay having their first child.
#Canada, #CanadianInstituteForHealthInformation; #GoPublic; #OECD; #CPSI; #MedicalItemsLeftInsideMedical&SurgicalPatients
Toronto, Nov 7 (Canadian-Media): Canada saw a major jump, of 14 percent over the last five years, in the number of medical items left inside patients after procedures, according to a study released Thursday by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), media reports said.
CIHI, a not-for-profit group that collects data on the quality of health care in the country, said 553 such objects were left inside patients over the last two years.
A separate study from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) revealed that among developed countries, Canada has the highest rate of medical items being left inside patients.
Sandi Kossey (left)/Facebook
Canadian medical teams should follow existing safety procedures, Sandi Kossey, senior director of the Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI), a not-for-profit healthcare watchdog said
"There are checks and balances that should happen," said Kossey. "There are enough
preventative measures that should be in place, that these things should not happen."
Even the health authorities refuse to take any responsibility of the surgeon's fault, since the surgeon is an independent contractor and not an employee.
"Physicians in B.C. are independent contractors who are licensed and regulated by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C.," the authority said in an email to Go Public which is an investigative news segment on CBC-TV, radio and the web.
According to the most recent report on the quality of healthcare in OECD countries, a foreign body — sponges, needles, clamps, scissors, etc. — is left inside a patient in Canada 9.8 times out of every 100,000 surgeries. That's three times the average.
The next-highest OECD results were Sweden at 8.3 followed by Netherlands with 4.6 per 100,000.
"The data shows that we're not doing as good as we should be as a developed country," Kossey told Go Public.
But she also suggests the reason Canada appears to have more mistakes could be in the accuracy of the reporting itself.
"In order to address that, we need to first acknowledge that it's happening. The health authorities need to take responsibility for the actions of their subcontractors and they also have to come up with a mitigation plan to avoid these types of events," she said.
Toronto, Sept 20 (Canadian-Media): A warning was issued by Canadian health organizations that the federal political parties must commit to cracking down on vaping products as theses pose serious health risks, media reports said.
Investigation by Canadian health officials confirmed this country’s first case of vaping-related lung illness.
Health officials in Canada believed vaping-related lung illness to be part of a larger outbreak in the United States that has been linked to at least seven deaths and hundreds of illnesses.
#StatisticsCanada; #opioiddrugoffences; #PublicHealthAgencyofCanada
Ottawa, Jul 23 (Canadian-Media): According to the data collected by the Public Health Agency of Canada, which promotes and protects the health of Canadians, from January 2016 to December 2018, opioid drug offences were highest in British Columbia (B.C.), Statistics Canada reported.
Statistics Canada is the national statistical office, which provides key information to Canadians on Canada's economy, society and environment to enable them to function effectively and make make policy decisions.
There were 2,490 opioid drug offences in Canada in 2018, resulting in a rate of 7 incidents per 100,000 population. B.C. had (21 per 100,000 population), Alberta (11) and Ontario (5).
The highest rates of opioid offences were Kelowna (101), Lethbridge (84), Abbotsford–Mission (19), Vancouver (19) and Brantford (19).
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)