#Irannucleardeal; #UnitedNations; #InternationalAtomicEnergyAgency;
#JointComprehensivePlanofAction; #RosemaryDiCarlo; #JonathanCohen
New York, Jun 27 (Canadian-Media/UN): The Iran nuclear deal must “continue to work for all”, despite moves by both the United States and Iran which have destabilized the “hard-won” 2015 agreement, the United Nations (UN) Political Affairs chief told Security Council members on Wednesday, UN media reports said.
Rosemary DiCarlo, Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, briefs the Security Council meeting on non-proliferation. (26 June 2019). Image Credit of : UN Photo/Loey Felipe
This is especially true at time when both countries continue their diplomatic war of words over recent attacks around the crucial oil shipping lanes of the Gulf, said Under-Secretary-General Rosemary DiCarlo, describing events as “a reminder that we are at a critical juncture.”
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) – reached by Iran, China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the US and the European Union – sets out rigorous mechanisms for monitoring restrictions placed on Iran’s nuclear programme, while paving the way for the lifting of UN sanctions against Iran.
Ms. DiCarlo described it as the result of “12 years of intense diplomatic efforts and technical negotiations”, regarded by UN Secretary-General António Guterres as a major success of “multilateralism, nuclear non-proliferation, dialogue and diplomacy.”
With the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) stating in its latest report that Iran is abiding by its commitments, she said the UN chief was concerned at the US decision in May, not to extend waivers so that Iran can continuing trading oil, and other waivers directly relating to the JCPOA. The US withdrew from the deal just over a year ago, but some oil buyers were allowed to keep taking limited volumes.
US actions “may impede the ability of Iran and other Member States to implement certain of its provisions”, said the Political Affairs chief, adding that Mr. Guterres also regretted Iran’s announcement this May, that it would not commit to the agreed limits on enriched uranium, unless other JCPOA signatories agreed to work round the increased US sanctions, within 60 days.
Iran raised the stakes higher by announcing last week it would pass it’s agreed limits on enriched uranium by 27 June: “Such actions are not in the interests of the participants of the Plan and may not help preserve it’, she said. “The Secretary-General encourages Iran to continue implementing all its nuclear-related commitments despite the considerable challenges it faces.”
Ms DiCarlo said the UN chief welcomed initiatives from other countries – including all the Security Council Permanent Members to save the deal, “which should be given full effect as a matter or priority.”
“It is essential that the Plan continues to work for all its participants, including by delivering tangible economic benefits to the Iranian people”, she added.
Ballistic missiles, arms to Yemen, inconclusive thus far
Turning to provisions in the JCPOA, Ms. DiCarlo said there were “divergent views” from Member States over whether Iran had breached the agreement in various test firing and test flights, since December.
With reference to ballistic missiles deployed by Houthi rebels in Yemen, against Saudi Arabia, she said that some components analyzed by the UN showed it was likely they had been supplied from outside Yemen, after 2015. Regarding other military hardware and explosives, she said the Secretariat was “confident” that some arms analyzed from the battlefield, showed they were of “Iranian manufacture” but it was impossible to tell if they were transferred after Iran had committed to the deal.
Iran, US, EU weigh in
Iran’s Ambassador to the UN, Majid Takht Ravanchi told the Council that “the US withdrawal from the JCPOA and re-imposition of sanctions” had rendered the deal “almost fully ineffective...Iran alone cannot, shall not and will not take all of the burdens anymore, to preserve the JCPOA”, he declared.
With the European powers working hard to save the deal and the Iranian 60-day deadline to them of 8 July looming, The UN Ambassador for the European Union, Joao Vale de Almeida, warned that there was “no credible, peaceful alternative”.
Jonathan Cohen, acting US Ambassador, said the Iran’s “defiance of the Security Council and its reckless behaviour threatening peace and security globally must not be downplayed in the name of preserving a deal that doesn’t fully cut off Iran’s path to a nuclear weapon.”
World at ‘Acute Moment’ as Anti-Semitic Violence Rises, Hatred Thrives in Digital Space, Secretary-General Warns General Assembly, Urging Focus on Social Unity
#Anti-Semitism; #RacismandHate; #TeachingTolerance&Respect; #DigitalAge
United Nations/Toronto, Jun 26 (Canadian-Media/UN): Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks to the informal meeting of the General Assembly on “Combating Anti-Semitism and Other Forms of Racism and Hate — the Challenges of Teaching Tolerance and Respect in the Digital Age,” in New York today:
I thank all involved for bringing us together to tackle the tsunami of hatred that is so visible and violent across the world today. A special welcome to Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein from the Chabad of Poway synagogue in San Diego. Rabbi, thank you for your inspiring actions since the shooting in April that took the life of one of your congregants and injured you as well.
Recently I viewed an exhibition at the Museum of Jewish Heritage here in New York that is called “Auschwitz. Not long ago. Not far away”. It is an apt title. The Holocaust was indeed not long ago — only as far back as a single average human lifespan. And it is indeed not far away — it happened at the heart of Europe, and it remains at the centre of our awareness as we fight anti-Semitism and other forms of intolerance today.
The exhibition documents the propaganda, pseudoscience and vile caricatures that were among the signatures of Hitler’s rule and worldview. Hitler was defeated. Yet anti-Semitism has not been extinguished. Far from it.
A study released last month by Tel Aviv University reported that the number of violent anti-Semitic incidents rose by 13 per cent in 2018 over the year before. In the United States, Europe and elsewhere, attacks on synagogues, graveyards and individuals continue to make many Jews feel insecure. This age-old hatred is showing grim staying power. Moreover, intolerance is a multi-headed monster.
In recent months alone, and in different parts of the world, beyond the attacks on synagogues, we have seen massacres at mosques and bombings at churches. Refugees and migrants continue to face hostility. White supremacists and neo-Nazis are emboldened by elections showing the appeal of their racist messages.
And in today’s digital realm, we have new vectors of venom, algorithms that accelerate the spread of bigotry, and new platforms where far-flung extremists can find each other and spur each other on. The United Nations fights these ills as a matter of our very identity, founded as we were in response to genocide. Today we have reached an acute moment in this struggle.
One week ago, I launched a United Nations system-wide strategy to combat hate speech. Bigoted words can provide the kindling for bigger fires, as we have seen from Rwanda to Myanmar and so many places in between. Hatred left unopposed can erode democratic values, social stability and peace.
We need to treat hate speech as we treat every malicious act: by condemning it and refusing to amplify it. That does not mean limiting freedom of speech; it means keeping hate speech from escalating into something more dangerous, particularly incitement to discrimination, hostility and violence, which is prohibited under international law.
In the wake of recent attacks on places of worship, I have asked the High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations to explore what more the United Nations can do to support the safety and sanctity of religious sites. I expect the Action Plan to be ready soon.
Our efforts need to step up most urgently in the digital space, where hatred is thriving. Social media provides a conduit for hatred on an enormous scale, with virtually no cost and no accountability, making them particularly appealing to those with evil intent. And indeed, social media are being used to polarize societies and demonize people, often targeting women, minorities and the most vulnerable.
The High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation that I established last year has just delivered its report, urging social media enterprises to respond to concerns about the “growing threat to safety and human rights”.
The Christchurch Call — a commitment by Governments and leading technology companies to tackle online extremism and incitement to violence — is another important contribution. The United Nations offers a platform where the full range of stakeholders can discuss the way forward.
We need to invest in social cohesion so that all members of society can feel that their identities are respected and that they have a stake in the future. I guarantee you that I will continue to call out anti-Semitism, racism and other forms of hatred — loudly and unapologetically.
In closing, allow me to mention that the exhibition at the Museum of Jewish Heritage — “Auschwitz. Not long ago. Not far away.” — is itself not far away, in lower Manhattan. It is on display through 3 January, and I commend it to all of you as a spur to the action and reflection we need at this time. Thank you.
Saint Petersburg (Russia), Jun 7 (CanadianMedia/UN): In a world where international relations have become "more chaotic," world leaders must avoid a new Cold War, UN Secretary-General António Guterres told delegates attending the International Economic Forum, in the Russian city of Saint Petersburg on Thursday, UN reports said.
Responding to questions in front of a live audience, Mr. Guterres called on leaders everywhere to show wisdom, and create the conditions in which the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development (the UN’s initiative to end poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change) can be achieved.
The UN chief said that he refuses to see international relations as simply a confrontation between the United States and China, and stated his preference for a multi-polar world: “What we need is the United States, China, the Russian Federation, India, the European Union and several other key partners to address their problems in a multilateral way.”
The UN chief reminded his audience that Europe consisted of several rival powers at the beginning of the Twentieth Century but, with an absence of multilateral organizations, or effective platforms to resolve disputes peaceably, the result was the First World War.
The UN Secretary-General António Guterres addresses the opening session of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum 2019 (SPIEF) (6 June 2019)/ Credit of UN Russia/Yury Kochkin
Major powers, he said, need to play a relevant role, in a multipolar world with “multilateral forms of governance and international relations based on international law.”
A Secretary-General must be ‘an honest broker
’The UN chief’s appearance on stage ended with a question about his plans to remain in the post for a second term. Mr. Guterres responded by saying that, because the Secretary-General must be an “honest broker,” they office holder should never act in a way that could be seen as currying favour in order to secure a fresh mandate.
“My position has always been - in my life, in all things - the same,” said Mr. Guterres. “When I am here, I do my best as the Secretary-General of the United Nations. I do not think about what the future will bring. The day I will start thinking about the future I will start undermining my action today.”