#2017GairdnerAwards, #Canada, #DrAntoineHakim, #DrLewisKay
Two Canadian researchers, Dr. Antoine Hakim, a professor emeritus of neurology at the University of Ottawa and Toronto biomedical scientist Lewis Kay, a senior scientist in molecular medicine at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children, were among the seven international recipients of 2017 Gairdner Awards announced Tuesday in Toronto, media reports said.
Canadian Stem Cell Foundation posted on the facebook account of Dr. Antoine Hakim, “
Dr. Antoine Hakim, one of Canada’s truly inspirational medical leaders, is this year’s winner of the Gairdner Wightman Award. http://bit.ly/2o7Nmna.”
A post by The Neuro on the face book account of Dr. Antoine Hakim reads, “Dr. Antoine Hakim, a former neurology resident at the MNI, has won the prestigious Gairdner Prize for his development of better treatments for stroke. Dr. Hakim was trained by Dr. Hanna Pappius, a professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery.”
Hakim was named recipient of the 2017 Canada Gairdner Wightman Award for his outstanding leadership in medicine and medical science, CBCNews reports said.
He pioneered the setting up of Canadian Stroke Network and then partnered with the Heart and Stroke Foundation and other organizations to develop the Canadian Stroke Strategy.
Gairdner Foundation @GairdnerAwards tweeted, “Dr. Antoine Hakim of @OttawaHospital is awarded our 2017 Canada #Gairdner Wightman Award for his powerful leadership and research on stroke.”
1310 NEWSVerified account @1310NEWS tweeted, “Dr. Antoine Hakim @OttawaHospital has just won the 2017 @GairdnerAwards for his work on stroke care and joins the @MeehanCarolAnne show next.”
Kay, was recognized for his work in the field of biomolecular nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and the development of methods which revealed how molecules involved in neurodegeneration can form abnormal structures that ultimately lead to disease. Kay's methods are being used in labs all across the world and by researchers of diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Gairdner Foundation @GairdnerAwards tweeted, “Dr. Rossant congratulates Dr. Lewis Kay @SickKidsNews @UofTNews who receives our 2017 Canada #Gairdner Int'l Award. 1st Canadian since '08.”
The Gairdners, nicknamed the "baby Nobels" because 84 winners have gone on to win Nobel Prizes in physiology or medicine, each carry a $100,000 honorarium and will be presented at a gala dinner on Oct. 26.
The four other recipients of a Canada Gairdner International Award were:
Dr. Akira Endo, president of Biopharm Research Laboratories and professor emeritus at the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, for the discovery and development of statins that have transformed the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.
Dr. David Julius, chair of physiology and also molecular biology and medicine at the University of California at San Francisco, for determining the molecular basis of somatosensation and the role of how people sense heat, cold and pain can play in chronic pain.
Dr. Rino Rappuoli, chief scientist and head of external R&D at GSK Vaccines in Siena, Italy. His work led to the licensing of the first meningococcus B vaccine approved in Europe and Canada in 2013 and in the U.S. in 2015.
Dr. Huda Zoghbi, director of the Jan and Dan Duncan Neurological Research Institute at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston, for the discovery of the genetic basis of Rett syndrome and its implications for autism spectrum disorders. Her discovery of the Rett syndrome gene provided a diagnostic test that allows for early diagnosis.
2017 John Dirks Canada Gairdner Global Health Award went to Dr. Cesar Victora, professor emeritus at the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, for a scientific advancement on health in the developing world with particular focus on exclusive breastfeeding on infant mortality and on the long-term impact of early-life nutrition.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
#Planet Ceres #Building blocks of life #University Of California, #LosAngeles, #US #organic material, #Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics
Revelation of building blocks of life on dwarf planet Ceres raises hope for finding life in solar system, media release said.
Scientists said earlier this month that detection of carbon-based materials, by A NASA spacecraft on the Texas-sized dwarf planet Ceres about 950 kilometres in diameter, resembling the building blocks for life on Earth, puts Ceres on a growing list of places in the solar system was of interest to scientists for further research for life beyond Earth.
Included in the list were Mars and several ocean-bearing moons of Jupiter and Saturn.
The discovery made by a team of researchers using NASA's Dawn spacecraft, which has been orbiting Ceres for nearly two years was published in the journal Science.
"I think these organic molecules are a long way from microbial life. However, this discovery tells us that we need to explore Ceres further," Dawn lead scientist Christopher Russell of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) wrote in an email to Reuters, CBCNews reports said.
Ceres is located about three times farther from the sun than Earth.
"The discovery indicates that the starting material in the solar system contained the essential elements, or the building blocks, for life," Russell said.
"Ceres may have been able to take this process only so far. Perhaps to move further along the path took a larger body with more complex structure and dynamics," like Earth, Russell added.
Although the exact molecular compounds in the organic material found in Ceres' northern hemisphere could not be identified, but these still matched tar-like minerals, such as kerite or asphaltite, the scientists wrote.
"Because Ceres is a dwarf planet that may still preserve internal heat from its formation period and may even contain a subsurface ocean, this opens the possibility that primitive life could have developed on Ceres itself," planetary scientist Michael Kuppers of the European Space Astronomy Centre in Madrid wrote in the journal Science.
Lead researcher Maria Cristina De Sanctis of Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics and colleagues suspected the material was formed inside Ceres through hydrothermal activity, though how the organics reached the surface could not be resolved.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
(Image of planet Ceres: Wikipedia)
#NASA, #The Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory (GUSTO), #ChristopherWalker, #UniversityofArizona, #Ultralong-DurationBalloon (ULDB), #interstellarMedium, #MilkyWay, #LargeMagellanicCloud, #McMurdo, #Antarctica
NASA had selected The Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory (GUSTO) mission that will measure emissions from the interstellar cosmic medium found between stars, media reports said.
Out of the eight proposals submitted at that time to a panel of NASA and other scientists and engineers GUSTO had been selected as the best development plan and had received a funding of approximately $40 million.
GUSTO mission, led by Christopher Walker principal investigator of the University of Arizona, will fly an Ultralong-Duration Balloon (ULDB) carrying a telescope with carbon, oxygen and nitrogen emission line detectors to enable Walker and his team in studying the interstellar medium and mapping out Milky Way and Large Magellanic Cloud galaxies.
"If we want to understand where we came from, we have to understand the interstellar medium," Walker said, "because 4.6 billion years ago, we were interstellar medium," Astronaut.com reports said.
A post by Mark Buglewicz, Assistant Director of University of Arizona on the face book account of GUSTO says,
“Congratulations to Dr. Chris Walker of Steward Observatory! The UA has just been awarded GUSTO, the Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory, a major ($40M) NASA science mission!”
GUSTO was uniquely equipped to study the interstellar medium or the stuff from which most of the universe, stars, planets, rocks, oceans and all living creatures are made.
A post by Chris Jeffries Homeless Romantic on GUSTO’s facebook account reads,
“While space is largely devoid of matter, it does contain some gas and dust that floats between stars, material known as the interstellar medium. NASA has selected the Galactic/Extragalactic ULDB Spectroscopic Terahertz Observatory (GUSTO) mission to conduct the first complete study of this matter, to better understand how it behaves,
Interstellar objects such as stars, black holes, and galaxies get a lot of attention from scientists, but the interstellar medium isn’t a trivial thing to study: it makes up about 15 percent of the total mass in the Milky Way. 99 percent of that is free floating gas, mostly hydrogen and helium, and while space is still pretty empty (We’re talking a density of an atom per cubic centimeter), the vast…
“GUSTO will provide the first complete study of all phases of the stellar life cycle, from the formation of molecular clouds, through star birth and evolution, to the formation of gas clouds and the re-initiation of the cycle,” said Paul Hertz, astrophysics division director in the Science Mission Directorate in Washington. “NASA has a great history of launching observatories in the Astrophysics Explorers Program with new and unique observational capabilities. GUSTO continues that tradition,” Astro.com reports said.
The mission is targeted to launch in 2021 from McMurdo, Antarctica, and is expected to stay in the air between 100 to 170 days, depending on weather conditions.
(Reporting by Asha Bajaj)
Image of Milky Way: Wikipedia