#LosAngeles; #MuseumofTolerance; #GlobalPeace&ToleranceAward; #UN; #SimonWiesenthal
Los Angeles/Canadian-Media: Based in Los Angeles, California, United States, Museum of Tolerance (MOT) is a multimedia museum designed to examine racism and prejudice around the world with a strong focus on the history of the Holocaust.
Image credit: Website
Recipient of Friends of the United Nations’ Global Peace and Tolerance Award, the MOT is a human rights laboratory with an educational center dedicated to teach and enlighten visitors about the Holocaust.
The evolution of MOT was based on the creation of an experience, like Simon Wiesenthal expressed, to remind visitors of the past as well as to act and to prevent the occurrence of hatred and genocide to any group now and in the future.
MOT opened to the public in February 1993 and soon received acclaim from national and international leaders and within a few short months, it became a “must-see” attraction in Southern California.
Today, MOT has become not only as a symbol of society’s quest to live peacefully together but also as an important resource on how to achieve that goal. Over 250,000 people visit the MOT annually, including 130,000 students, and many major corporations, educators, police agencies, and professionals from throughout the region have experienced the MOT’s specialized programs.
MOT, the first of its kind in the world, had its origin from the leadership of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, one of the largest international Jewish human rights organizations with over 400,000 member families in the United States, named in honor of famed Nazi hunter, the late Simon Wiesenthal.
Headquartered in Los Angeles, with offices in New York, Toronto, Miami, Chicago, Paris, Buenos Aires, and Jerusalem, the Center is an NGO at international agencies including the United Nations, UNESCO, the OSCE, the OAS, the Council of Europe and the Latin American Parliament (Parlatino).
Simon Wiesenthal Center. Image credit: Twitter handle
The Center has three landmark exhibitions that have been displayed in the Vatican, on Capitol Hill, at the UN and other parts of the US and the world. Those exhibits are: Courage to Remember; People, Book, Land, and The Birth of Israel.
The film division of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Moriah Films created to produce theatrical documentaries to educate both national and international audiences focuses on the 3,500-year old Jewish experience as well as contemporary human rights and ethics issues. Moriah has produced 11 films to date, two of which have received the Academy Award™ for best feature documentary, The Long Way Home (1997) and Genocide (1981).
Moriah: A Film Company Like No Other with 16 acclaimed documentaries
#NewYork; #CUNYResearchCentre; #UniquePropertiesOfWater
New York, Nov 19 (Canadian-Media): Water is a ubiquitous liquid with many highly unique properties. The way it responds to changes in pressure and temperature can be completely different from other liquids, and these properties are essential to many practical applications and particularly to life as we know it, CUNY Research Centre reports said.
Image: Water. Image Credit: CC0 Public Domain
What causes these anomalies has long been a source of scientific exploration, but now, an international team of researchers that includes Nicolas Giovambattista, a professor at CUNY, has proved that water can exist in two different liquid states—a finding that can explain many of water's anomalous properties. Their research appears in a paper published in the November 20 issue of the journal Science.
"The possibility that water could exist in two different liquid states was proposed approximately 30 years ago, based on results obtained from computer simulations," Giovambattista said. "This counterintuitive hypothesis has been one of the most important questions in the chemistry and physics of water, and a controversial scenario since its beginnings. This is because experiments that can access the two liquid states in water have been very challenging due to the apparently unavoidable ice formation at the conditions where the two liquids should exist."
The usual "liquid" state of water that we are all familiar with corresponds to liquid water at normal temperatures (approximately 25 degrees C). However, the paper shows that water at low temperatures (approximately -63 degrees C) exists in two different liquid states, a low-density liquid at low pressures and a high-density liquid at high pressures. These two liquids have noticeably different properties and differ by 20% in density. The results imply that at appropriate conditions, water should exist as two immiscible liquids separated by a thin interface similar to the coexistence of oil and water.
Because water is one of the most important substances on Earth—the solvent of life as we know it—its phase behavior plays a fundamental role in different fields, including biochemistry, climate, cryopreservation, cryobiology, material science, and in many industrial processes where water acts as a solvent, product, reactant, or impurity. It follows that unusual characteristics in the phase behavior of water, such as the presence of two liquid states, can affect numerous scientific and engineering applications.
"It remains an open question how the presence of two liquids may affect the behavior of aqueous solutions in general, and in particular, how the two liquids may affect biomolecules in aqueous environments," Giovambattista said. "This motivates further studies in the search for potential applications."
Giovambattista is a member of the Physics and degrees Chemistry Ph.D. programs at CUNY.
The international team, led by Anders Nilsson, professor of chemical physics at Stockholm University, used complex experiments and computer simulations to prove this theory. The experiments, described as "science-fiction-like" by Giovambattista, were performed by colleagues at Stockholm University in Sweden, POSTECH University in Korea, PAL-XFEL in Korea, and SLAC national accelerator laboratory in degrees California. The computer simulations were performed by Giovambattista and Peter H. Poole, professor at St. Francis Xavier University in degrees Canada. The computer simulations played an important role in the interpretation of the experiments since these experiments are extremely complex and some observables are not accessible during the experiments.